Pisa armata

Pisa armata is a species of crab from the eastern Atlantic Ocean.

Pisa armata
Haeckel Pisa armata.png
Scientific classification
P. armata
Binomial name
Pisa armata
(Latreille, 1803)
  • Blastia tridens Leach in White, 1847
  • Cancer biaculatus Montagu, 1813
  • Cancer biaculeatus Montagu, 1813
  • Inachus musivus Otto, 1828
  • Maia armata Latreille, 1803
  • Pisa gibbsii Leach, 1816


Pisa armata grows to a length of 40 millimetres (1.6 in).[2] Its carapace is roughly triangular, with two prominent rostral spines, which are parallel in males, but divergent in females.[2] The carapace is brown, but is often covered in seaweed, sponges or anemones.[2]


Pisa armata is found in the eastern Atlantic Ocean from around the Isle of Man as far south as Angola, as well as in parts of the Mediterranean Sea.[3] It lives at depths of 1–108 metres (3 ft 3 in–354 ft 4 in).[3]


Pisa armata is parasitised by a rhizocephalan barnacle. Although initially considered to be the same species that attacks other crabs such as Carcinus maenas, experiments in the 1960s demonstrated that the two were different species, Sacculina carcini on C. maenas, and Sacculina gibbsi on P. armata.[4]


  1. ^ Charles Fransen & Michael Türkay (2011). "Pisa armata (Latreille, 1803)". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  2. ^ a b c Andrew Campbell (2005). "Pisa armata (Latreille)". Philip's Guide to Seashores and Shallow Seas of Britain and Northern Europe. Philip's. p. 235. ISBN 978-0-540-08747-1.
  3. ^ a b R. W. Ingle & P. F. Clark (1980). "The larval and post-larval development of Gibbs's spider crab, Pisa armata (Latreille) [family Majidae: subfamily Pisinae], reared in the laboratory". Journal of Natural History. 14 (5): 723–735. doi:10.1080/00222938000770601.
  4. ^ H. Boschma (1972). "On the occurrence of Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus) and its parasite Sacculina carcini Thompson in Burma, with notes on the transport of crabs to new localities" (PDF). Zoologische Mededelingen. 47 (11): 145–155.

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