Piquepoul, Picpoul, or Picapoll is a variety of wine grape grown primarily in the Rhone Valley and Languedoc regions of France as well as Catalonia, Spain. It exists both in dark-skinned (Piquepoul noir) and light-skinned (Piquepoul blanc) versions, as well as a very little grown Piquepoul gris. Piquepoul blanc is the most common of the Piquepouls, with 1,000 hectares (2,500 acres) cultivated in France in 2000, and an increasing trend.
|Color of berry skin||Blanc|
|Also called||Picpoul, Picpoul blanc, Picpoul de Pinet|
|Notable wines||Picpoul de Pinet|
|Color of berry skin||Gris|
|Also called||Piquepoul rose, Picpoul, Picpoul gris|
|Color of berry skin||Noir|
|Also called||Picpoul, Picpoul noir|
Piquepoul tends to bud late and has some sensitivity to powdery mildew.
Piquepoul has a long history in the Languedoc region, and along with Cinsault and Clairette blanche is one of the oldest domestic grape varieties of that region. It was blended with Clairette blanche to produce the wine Picardan in the 17th & 18th centuries.
After the Great French Wine Blight, when large shifts in varieties planted took place, Piquepoul lost popularity due to its susceptibility to fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and its low yield.
In Languedoc, Piquepoul blanc is used both for blending and for varietal wines. Red wines produced from Picpoul noir are high in alcohol, are richly scented, but have a very pale colour, which has made the variety more popular as a blending ingredient than as a producer of varietal wines.
Both the blanc and noir versions of Piquepoul are permitted blending grapes for the production of Châteauneuf-du-Pape. However, in 2004 only 0.15% of the appellation's surface was planted with the Piquepoul varieties.
In the New World, Piquepoul is being successfully grown in the foothills of the Chiricahua Mountains (5000 feet above sea level) in the Willcox AVA of southern Arizona. It is also grown in the Red Mountain AVA of eastern Washington State.
In Australia, Piquepoul blanc was first planted in 2013, and the first commercial release of wine was in 2017. Cuttings of the variety were imported for the wine's suitability for drinking with oysters.
Picpoul de PinetEdit
The wines are green-gold in color, full-bodied, and show lemon flavours. They have a soft, delicate nose, with pleasant hints of acacia and hawthorn blossom. Modernization of the winemaking has led to increased interest in these wines.
Synonyms for Piquepoul blanc include Avello, Avillo, Extra, Feher Piquepoul, Languedocien, Picapoll, Picapolla, Picapulla, Picpoul, Picpoul de Pinet.
Synonyms for Piquepoul gris include Avillo, Languedocien, Picapulla, Picpoul, Pikepul Seryi, Piquepoul rose, Szürke Piquepoul.
Synonyms for Piquepoul noir include Avillo, Kek Piquepoul, Languedocien, Pical, Pical negro, Pical Polho, Picalpolho, Picapoll, Picapoll Negro, Picapouia, Picapouya, Picapulla, Picpouille, Picpoul, Picpoule, Picquepoul, Pikepul Chernyi, Pique Poule, Piquerette noire.
Picpoul is also a synonym for the variety Folle blanche, which has no known relationship to Piquepoul.
- You say 'lipstinger', I say no, Hudin.com
- Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Picpoul". Oxford Companion to Wine (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 524–525. ISBN 0-19-860990-6.
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- Stierch, Sarah. "Wine time: Anaba Wines '15 Picpoul Blanc". Sonoma Valley Sun. Retrieved 8 July 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- MEDIA RELEASE: FIRST ‘OYSTER WINE’ VINES PLANTED IN AUSTRALIA, accessed on October 7, 2017
- Oysters and wine a 'magnifique' combination for Australian grower taking a cue from the French, accessed on October 7, 2017
- Pinet, AOC Picpoul de. "AOC Picpoul de Pinet - Son terroir c'est la mer". www.picpoul-de-pinet.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- "Décret du 24 décembre 1985 modifié définissant les conditions de production des vins à appellation d'origine contrôlée « Languedoc » (à titre dérogatoire « Coteaux du Languedoc » peut être utilisé jusqu'au 3 mai 2012)". www.inao.gouv.fr. Retrieved 23 May 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Pinet, AOC Picpoul de. "AOC Picpoul de Pinet - The wine". www.picpoul-de-pinet.com. Retrieved 23 May 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Jancis Robinson, ed. (2006). "Picpoul de Pinet". Oxford Companion to Wine (Third ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 525. ISBN 0-19-860990-6.
- Vitis International Variety Catalogue: Piquepoul blanc Archived 2012-04-30 at the Wayback Machine, accessed on June 18, 2008
- Vitis International Variety Catalogue: Piquepoul gris Archived 2012-04-30 at the Wayback Machine, accessed on June 18, 2008
- Vitis International Variety Catalogue: Piquepoul noir Archived 2012-04-30 at the Wayback Machine, accessed on June 18, 2008