Pierre-François Berruer

Pierre-François Berruer (1733 – 4 April 1797) was a French sculptor. He is known for the twelve statues that decorate the front of the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux.

Pierre-François Berruer
Born1733
Paris, France
Died4 April 1797
Paris, France
NationalityFrench
OccupationSculptor
Known forStatues on facade of the Grand-Théâtre of Bordeaux.

Early yearsEdit

Pierre François Berruer was born in Paris in 1733. In 1754 he won the second prize of the Prix de Rome after Charles-Antoine Bridan (1730–1808) with his Le Massacre des Innocents. He won the first prize in 1756, tied with André-Jean Lebrun (1737–1811), with his Abraham et Melchisédech. This gained him a scholarship to the Villa Medici in Rome from 1758 to 1764. He was a pupil of Étienne Maurice Falconet (1716–1791) and René-Michel Slodtz (1705–1764). After returning to France, Berruer was admitted to the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture in 1765.[1]

CareerEdit

 
École de Chirurgie, showing Berruer's relief panel above the central entrance.

In 1767 Berruer made a marble statue of Hebe holding a cup and vase for the Duc de Choiseul.[2] In the Salon of 1771 Berruer exhibited a proposal for the tomb of Marshal the Comte de Harcourt in Nôtre-Dame, following the maudlin taste of the time. According to the Mercure de France, "Monsieur Berruer's plan for a mausoleum for the late comte de Harcourt has been conceived with warmth and will be viewed with interest, because it will make one consider the tender wife who throws herself in front of Death in order to save her husband from the blow that is about to be struck against him."[3]

Berruer designed a long relief panel for the facade of the École de Chirurgie in Paris, built in 1769–74. The panel is placed above the entablature of the Ionic order and below the upper cornice. It shows King Louis XV of France, followed by Minerva and surrounded by the sick, commanding that the school be built. Architecture, Surgery, Vigilance and Providence are also depicted on the panel.[4] After the church of Ste-Geneviève, the school was the most admired building of the period.[5]

Berruer made two busts of the engraver Jacques Roëttiers, one dated 1772–73 and the other 1774–75.[6] In 1781 he made a bust of Philippe Néricault Destouches of the Académie française, which was installed at the Comédie-Française.[7] He was one of the main artists whose work was included in the collection of the Comédie-Française at the end of the 18th century. Others were Jean-Baptiste d'Huez, Jean-Joseph Foucou, Simon-Louis Boizot and Augustin Pajou.[8]

 
Grand Théatre of Bordeaux, with Berruer's statues above the columns.

Berruer was named a professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1785. His pupils included Charles-Louis Corbet (1758–1808). His best known works are the statue of Chancelier d'Aguesseau at the Palace of Versailles and the twelve stone statues of 2.3 metres (7 ft 7 in) on the peristyle of the facade of the Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux. They represent nine muses and three goddesses. He completed four himself and entrusted his assistant Van den Drix the task of carving the others from models that he had made.[1]

Pierre François Berruer married Anne-Catherine Ménagé. He died at home in the Cour du Museum in the 4th arrondissement of Paris on 15 Germinal V (4 April 1797). He was aged 63.[9]

Selected worksEdit

Works include:

ReferencesEdit

Citations

  1. ^ a b Braquahaye 1876.
  2. ^ Worley 2003, p. 45.
  3. ^ Delon 2013, p. 1348.
  4. ^ Braham 1989, p. 140.
  5. ^ Braham 1989, p. 139.
  6. ^ Tuchendler 2014, p. 144.
  7. ^ Daufresne 2004, p. 278.
  8. ^ Daufresne 2004, p. 151.
  9. ^ Piot 1862, p. 164.

Sources

  • Braham, Allan (1989). The Architecture of the French Enlightenment. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-06739-4. Retrieved 2014-07-01.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Braquahaye, Charles (March 1876). Conjectures sur la destination des corniches à têtes feuillées du musée de Bordeaux, III, 1st fasc. Société archéologique de Bordeaux.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Daufresne, Jean-Claude (2004-01-01). Théâtre de l'Odéon: architecture, décors, musée. Editions Mardaga. ISBN 978-2-87009-873-8. Retrieved 2014-07-01.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Delon, Michel (2013-12-04). Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-95998-2. Retrieved 2014-06-30.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Piot, Eugène (1862). Le cabinet de l'amateur: ann?es 1861 et 1862. Рипол Классик. ISBN 978-5-88123-802-5. Retrieved 2014-07-01.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Tuchendler, Jacques (2014-01-01). Les Roëttiers de la Tour et de Montaleau: orfèvres, francs-maçons, industriels – XVIIIe et XIXe siècles. SPM. ISBN 978-2-336-33442-4. Retrieved 2014-07-01.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Worley, Michael Preston (2003). Pierre Julien: Sculptor to Queen Marie-Antoinette. iUniverse. ISBN 978-0-595-29471-8. Retrieved 2014-06-30.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)