The Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux is an opera house in Bordeaux, France, first inaugurated on 17 April 1780. It was in this theatre that the ballet La fille mal gardée premiered in 1789, and where a young Marius Petipa staged some of his first ballets.
|Address||Place de la Comédie|
The Grand Theatre of Bordeaux was conceived as a temple of the Arts and Light, with a neo-classical facade. It has a portico of 12 Corinthian style colossal columns which support an entablature on which stand 12 statues that represent the nine Muses and three goddesses (Juno, Venus and Minerva). Pierre-François Berruer made four of the statues, and his assistant Van den Drix carved the others from Berruer's models.
On the ceiling of the auditorium, there is a large fresco painted by Jean-Baptiste-Claude Robin. It pays homage to the Arts, to the artisans that built the building, and to the city of Bordeaux. The late scene shows a woman, allegory of Bordeaux, protected by Hermes and Athena, and in the foreground, three wealth of the city : the wine, the sea trade and the slave.
The inside of the theatre was restored in 1991, and once again has its original colours of blue and gold. The Grand Théâtre de Bordeaux is one of the oldest wooden frame opera houses in Europe not to have burnt or required rebuilding.
- Charles Braquahaye, « Conjectures sur la destination des corniches à têtes feuillées du musée de Bordeaux », in Société archéologique de Bordeaux, III, 1er fasc., March 1876, p. 85-91.
- Andrew Ayers, The Architecture of Paris, Stuttgart/London: Axel Menges, 2004, p. 175.
- Éric Saugera, Bordeaux, port négrier : chronologie, économie, idéologie, XVIIe-XIXe siècles, Éditions Karthala, Paris, 2002, ISBN 9782865375844