Phyllis Bray (30 August 1911-1991) was a British artist and illustrator known for involvement in the East London Group of artists, for the murals she produced and for illustrating children's books. During her career she also exhibited at the Royal Academy and at several leading London galleries.
At work on the People’s Palace murals, 1936
|Born||30 August 1911|
|Died||1991 (aged 79–80)|
|Education||Slade School of Art|
|Known for||Painting, book illustration, murals|
|Spouse(s)||John Cooper, Eric Phillips|
Bray was born in Norwood in west London. Her father, William de Bray, was a British diplomat, who was at one point an attaché to the court of the mother of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. Bray obtained a scholarship to study at the Slade School of Art from 1927 to 1931, where her tutor was Henry Tonks. At the Slade Bray won several prizes.
In 1933 she was elected to the London Group and also married her first husband, the artist, and fellow evening-class teacher, John Cooper and together they were to become core members of the East London Group. Bray became known for her landscapes, which she painted in both oils and watercolours, and for her murals. For over forty years Bray worked with the muralist Hans Feibusch painting in churches across Britain. Bray also worked on a number of solo projects, such as the three murals, on Music, Drama and Ballet, she produced for the People's Palace on the Mile End Road in east London and which is now part of Queen Mary University of London. A mural Bray painted for St Crispin's Church in Bermondsey remains intact.
Several leading publishers, including the Oxford University Press and Faber & Faber, commissioned Bray to illustrate books, including several works for children. Bray also designed a 1938 poster for London Transport promoting the Wimbledon tennis championship. Bray designed advertising material for Shell-Mex and for the John Lewis Partnership. Throughout the 1950s and 1960s Bray built up a collection of jewellery, mostly from the medieval and Renaissance periods, which was sold at Christie's in 1989.
Bray exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1950, 1952, 1955 and in 1960. Her work was included in group shows at the Leicester Galleries in London and she had solo shows Drian Gallery in London and the Mignion Gallery in Bath. The Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool, the Blackpool Art Gallery and the UK Government Art Collection hold examples of her work. A memorial exhibition was held in 1998 at the Collyer-Bristow gallery.
- Frances Spalding (1990). 20th Century Painters and Sculptors. Antique Collectors' Club. ISBN 1 85149 106 6.
- Grant M. Waters. Dictionary of British Artists Working 1900-1950 Volume II. Eastbourne Fine Art.
- Benezit Dictionary of Artists Volume 2 Bedeschini - Bulow. Editions Grund, Paris. 2006. ISBN 2 7000 30729.
- "Phyllis Bray (1911-1991)". Burgh House & Hampstead Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- David Buckman (2006). Artists in Britain Since 1945 Vol 1, A to L. Art Dictionaries Ltd. ISBN 0 953260 95 X.
- David Buckman (20 February 2013). "Cooper vs. Cooper: a painting is reattributed". Art UK. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- "Phyllis Bray, 1911-1991". London Transport Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2018.