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The Tettigoniinae are a subfamily of bush crickets or katydids, which contains hundreds of species in about twelve tribes.[1]

Heupferd fg01.jpg
Tettigonia viridissima: the great green bush-cricket
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Ensifera
Family: Tettigoniidae
Subfamily: Tettigoniinae
Stoll, 1787
Tribes & genera

See text


The greatest diversity is in the Palaearctic region[1] and many of the familiar European species of bush crickets (e.g. in the genera Metrioptera, Pholidoptera, Platycleis and the type genus Tettigonia) are in this subfamily. They are attributed to an ancient Gondwana fauna, which is reflected in the known distribution of the southern African genera, which are in turn related to Australian and North American genera in the tribe Nedubini (e.g. Neduba and Aglaothorax).[2] Extant genera are native to: the Americas (where they may be called shield-backed katydids[citation needed]), Australia, southern Africa, Europe (especially Mediterranean), and the Near East. The faunas of the Neotropics and Australia are more closely related to one other than to those of southern Africa and Madagascar (in tribe Arytropteridini), although the three faunas are related.

Tribes and generaEdit

In the Orthoptera Species File, the following are listed:[1]


Auth. Caudell 1908


Auth. Uvarov 1939


Auth. Brunner von Wattenwyl 1893 (synonyms Decticidae or Dectici Herman, 1874)


Auth. Uvarov 1924


Auth. Brunner von Wattenwyl 1878


Auth. Tarbinsky, 1932 (synonyms: Glyphonotinae Tarbinsky, 1932; Glyphontini)


Auth. Gorochov 1988


Auth. Tarbinsky 1932


Auth. Beier 1954


Auth. Storozhenko 1994


Auth. Brunner von Wattenwyl 1893


Auth. Krauss 1902

Tribe incertae sedisEdit

Examples and GalleryEdit

The Mormon cricket, actually a katydid and member of this subfamily, has been known to cause extensive damage when it breeds in large numbers in cropland. 123 species are native to North America.


  1. ^ a b c Orthoptera Species File: subfamily Tettigoniinae Krauss, 1902 (retrieved 30 May 2020)
  2. ^ Rentz, D. C. F. (1988). "The shield-backed katylids of Southern Africa: their taxonomy, ecology and relationships to the faunas of Australia and South America (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Tettigoniinae)". Invertebrate Systematics. 2 (2): 223. doi:10.1071/IT9880223. Retrieved 25 October 2017.

External linksEdit