Tettigoniinae

The Tettigoniinae are a subfamily of bush crickets or katydids, which contains hundreds of species in about twelve tribes.[1]

Tettigoniinae
Heupferd fg01.jpg
Tettigonia viridissima: the great green bush-cricket
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Suborder: Ensifera
Family: Tettigoniidae
Subfamily: Tettigoniinae
Stoll, 1787
Tribes & genera

See text

DistributionEdit

The greatest diversity is in the Palaearctic region[1] and many of the familiar European species of bush crickets (e.g. in the genera Metrioptera, Pholidoptera, Platycleis and the type genus Tettigonia) are in this subfamily. They are attributed to an ancient Gondwana fauna, which is reflected in the known distribution of the southern African genera, which are in turn related to Australian and North American genera in the tribe Nedubini (e.g. Neduba and Aglaothorax).[2] Extant genera are native to: the Americas (where they may be called shield-backed katydids[citation needed]), Australia, southern Africa, Europe (especially Mediterranean), and the Near East. The faunas of the Neotropics and Australia are more closely related to one other than to those of southern Africa and Madagascar (in tribe Arytropteridini), although the three faunas are related.

Tribes and generaEdit

In the Orthoptera Species File, the following are listed:[1]

ArytropteridiniEdit

Auth. Caudell 1908

CtenodecticiniEdit

Auth. Uvarov 1939

DecticiniEdit

Auth. Brunner von Wattenwyl 1893 (synonyms Decticidae or Dectici Herman, 1874)

DrymadusiniEdit

Auth. Uvarov 1924

GampsocleidiniEdit

Auth. Brunner von Wattenwyl 1878

GlyphonotiniEdit

Auth. Tarbinsky, 1932 (synonyms: Glyphonotinae Tarbinsky, 1932; Glyphontini)

NedubiniEdit

Auth. Gorochov 1988

OnconotiniEdit

Auth. Tarbinsky 1932

PholidopteriniEdit

Auth. Beier 1954

PlagiostiriniEdit

Auth. Storozhenko 1994

PlatycleidiniEdit

Auth. Brunner von Wattenwyl 1893

TettigoniiniEdit

Auth. Krauss 1902

Tribe incertae sedisEdit

Examples and GalleryEdit

The Mormon cricket, actually a katydid and member of this subfamily, has been known to cause extensive damage when it breeds in large numbers in cropland. 123 species are native to North America.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Orthoptera Species File: subfamily Tettigoniinae Krauss, 1902 (retrieved 30 May 2020)
  2. ^ Rentz, D. C. F. (1988). "The shield-backed katylids of Southern Africa: their taxonomy, ecology and relationships to the faunas of Australia and South America (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Tettigoniinae)". Invertebrate Systematics. 2 (2): 223. doi:10.1071/IT9880223. Retrieved 25 October 2017.

External linksEdit