Peter Thomas (saint)

Peter Thomas (1305–1366) (also known as Petrus de Thomas) was a Carmelite friar and is recognized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church.


Peter Thomas

Carmo Church Braga (3).jpg
Saint Peter Thomas in Carmo Church (Braga)
Archbishop of Crete
Latin Patriarch of Constantinople
Born1305
Périgord
Died1366
Famagusta
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Beatified1609 by Pope Paul V
Canonized1628 by Pope Urban VIII
FeastJanuary 8

LifeEdit

Peter Thomas was born around the year 1305 to a very poor family in Périgord. His father was a serf. When still a teenager, he left his parents and his younger sister to ease the burdens on his family. He went to the nearby small town of Monpazier, where he attended school for about three years, living on alms and teaching younger pupils. He led the same type of life at Agen until the age of twenty, when he returned to Monpazier.[1]

Carmelite friarEdit

The prior of the Carmelite convent of Lectoure employed Thomas as a teacher for a year in that school. He entered the Carmelite Order at the age of twenty-one and made his profession of religious vows at Bergerac where he taught for two years. He studied philosophy at Agen, where he was ordained a priest three years later. For the next few years, he continued his studies, while also teaching in Bordeaux, Albi, and again in Agen. This was followed by three years of study in Paris.[1] He was preaching in Cahors, during a procession held to in hopes of an end to a serious drought, when rain began to fall. This was viewed by many as miraculous.

He was the Order's Procurator General and an official preacher at the Papal Court of Pope Clement VI at Avignon. In 1354 he was made bishop of Patti and Lipari. In 1363 he was appointed Archbishop of Crete, and in 1364 he became the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople. He died in 1366 at Famagusta in Cyprus.

Saint Peter Thomas is depicted in an altarpiece painted by Francisco de Zurbaran for the College of San Alberto, Seville, which is currently held by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.[2]

SourcesEdit

There are two biographies written about Peter Thomas: one by Philippe de Mézières (d. 1405),[3] chancellor of King Peter I of Cyprus and the other by the Franciscan John Carmesson, minister of the province of the Holy Land, who had delivered the funeral eulogy.

ReferencesEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
William
— TITULAR —
Latin Patriarch of Constantinople
1364–1366
Succeeded by
Paul