Peter Ramsauer (born 10 February 1954) is a German politician of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU) who served as the Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Development in the Second Merkel cabinet.
|Minister for Transport, Building and Urban Development|
28 October 2009 – 17 December 2013
|Preceded by||Wolfgang Tiefensee|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Dobrindt|
|Leader of the CSU Group in the Bundestag|
21 November 2005 – 28 October 2009
|Preceded by||Michael Glos|
|Succeeded by||Hans-Peter Friedrich|
|Member of the Bundestag|
|Assumed office |
20 December 1990
|Preceded by||Matthias Engelsberger|
|Born||10 February 1954|
Munich, West Germany
|Political party||Christian Social Union|
|Alma mater||Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich|
Early life and educationEdit
Ramsauer completed his Abitur at the Staatliches Landschulheim Marquartstein gymnasium in 1973—with a year abroad at Eton College—and studied business economics at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he obtained his Diploma in 1979 and his PhD in 1985.
He is married and has four daughters. His wife Susanne, a home economics teacher, is a cousin of American actress Sandra Bullock.
Ramsauer joined the conservative Young Union (JU) youth organisation in 1972 and the CSU in 1973. He was elected Bavarian vice-chairman of the JU in 1983 and vice-chairman of the CSU in 2008.
Ramsauer ran successfully in the 1990 federal election and has been a member of the Bundestag parliament since then. From 1998 to 2005 he served as CSU Chief Whip of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group. As such, he was also a member of the parliament's Council of Elders, which – among other duties – determines daily legislative agenda items and assigning committee chairpersons based on party representation.
Ramsauer was elected to the head of the Bundestag group of CSU parliamentarians in 2005, succeeding Michael Glos; in that capacity, he led the CDU/CSU parliamentary group with his co-chair from the CDU, Volker Kauder. From 2005 until 2009, he also served on the Committee on the Election of Judges (Wahlausschuss), which is in charge of appointing judges to the Federal Constitutional Court of Germany.In the 2009 elections Ramsauer was re-elected by 54.6 percent of the votes cast.
On 28 October 2009 Ramsauer was appointed Federal Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Development at the behest of Chancellor Angela Merkel, succeeding Wolfgang Tiefensee. On the occasion of the sixtieth anniversary of the diplomatic relations between German and India, he participated in the first joint cabinet meeting of the two countries’ governments in Delhi in May 2011.
Since the 2013 elections, Ramsauer has been serving as chairman of the Committee on Economic Affairs and Energy as chairman. In the negotiations to form another coalition government under the leadership of Merkel following the 2017 federal elections, he was part of the working group on economic policy, led by Thomas Strobl, Alexander Dobrindt and Brigitte Zypries. He has since been serving on the Committee on Economic Cooperation and Development.
In 2010, in his capacity as transport minister, Ramsauer rejected plans for an initial public offering of rail operator Deutsche Bahn, arguing that the company first needed to focus on improving quality, security, cleanliness, punctuality and reliability of its trains.
In 2014, Ramsauer publicly criticised France for announcing plans to buy a 20 percent stake in Alstom despite its heavy debts and budget deficit and accused the country's government of showing "ice-cold" national interests in choosing U.S. firm General Electric over German Siemens for an alliance with Alstom. When Deutsche Bank came under pressure after the United States Department of Justice requested it pay $14 billion to settle claims of mis-selling mortgage-backed securities in 2016, Ramsauer accused the Obama Administration of measures that "have the characteristics of an economic war."
Relations to RussiaEdit
In 2007, Ramsauer accompanied Minister President Edmund Stoiber of Bavaria to a meeting with President Vladimir Putin. In July 2010, he accompanied Merkel on an official trip to Moscow for meetings with President Dmitry Medvedev.
Amid a 2014 debate over whether Germany needs to rethink its energy strategy and reduce its dependence on Russian gas imports due to the Ukrainian crisis, Ramsauer spoke out in favour of considering importing shale gas from the United States, or alternative embracing "domestic resources". In November 2015, in his capacity as chairman of the German Parliament's Committee on Economic Affairs and Energy, he agreed with his Russian counterpart Ivan Grachev to set up an informal German-Russian working group on energy cooperation, convening parliamentarians and business representatives from both countries.
On 27 January 2015, Ramsauer voted against the Merkel government’s proposal for a four-month extension of Greece's bailout; in doing so, he joined a record number of 29 dissenters from the CDU/CSU parliamentary group who expressed scepticism about whether the Greek government under Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras could be trusted to deliver on its reform pledges.
Recognition of the Polish-German borderEdit
During a ballot in Bundestag on 17 October 1991, Ramsauer voted against officially accepting the Oder-Neisse line, which serves as the border between Germany and Poland since the aftermath of World War II, as the final Polish-German Frontier.
Alleged racist attackEdit
In 2016, Peter Ramsauer was accused of making a racist attack against a photojournalist during a meeting between Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and German Vice-Chancellor Sigmar Gabriel. During the German Delegation's visit at the Greek Prime Minister's official seat, Ramsauer had an accidental physical contact with the photojournalist. The photographer stated that Ramsauer attacked him saying, "Don't touch me you filthy Greek" first in German language ("Fass mich nicht an, Du dreckiger Grieche") and later in English. Ramsauer denied the insult on several occasions but confirmed having received unpleasant physical contact with a photographer at the event. The incident made the news in Germany and in Greece. Ramsauer had been the most prominent politician in Germany to come out in favour of Greece leaving the euro zone.
Peter Ramsauer is a member of a conservative student fraternity based in Munich, Franco-Bavaria, which left its former association Deutsche Burschenschaft in 2013 to distance itself from right-wing extremism.
Since June 2014, Ramsauer has been the President of the Ghorfa Arab German Chamber of Commerce and Industry, an association that facilitates the commercial documents of businesses that want to export to Arab countries. Ghorfa has been the subject of controversy for issuing certificates verifying that no parts of an exported product were produced in Israel.
He has been described as a "shepherd" of the German language, seeking to avoid English loanwords.
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Member of the Supervisory Board (since 2018)
- Aebi Schmidt Holding (ASH), Member of the board of directors
- Münchener Hypothekenbank, Member of the Supervisory Board (2014–2019)
- Gothaer Versicherungsbank, Member of the Advisory Board
- CNC Communications & Network Consulting, Member of the Board of Experts
- SKW Stahl-Metallurgie Holding, Member of the Advisory Board (2002–2006)
- KfW, ex-officio Member of the Board of Supervisory Directors (2009–2013)
- German Energy Agency (DENA), Member of the Supervisory Board (2009–2012)
- Odewald & Companie, Member of the Advisory Board (2005–2009)
- Arab-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry (Ghorfa), President (since 2014)
- Hanns Seidel Foundation, Member
- Quadriga, Member of the Board of Trustees (−2011)
- Ifo Institute for Economic Research, Member of the Board of Trustees (2002–2010)
- German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP), Member of the Presidium (2005–2009)
- German-Korean Society, Vice-President (1998–2002)
- Hans Peter Schütz (16 July 2017), Peter Ramsauer: A Hund ist er halt scho Stern.
- Hans Peter Schütz (16 July 2017), Peter Ramsauer: A Hund ist er halt scho Stern.
- Günther Bannas (30 May 2011), Hoffnung auf „Eurofighter“-Geschäft: Erste deutsch-indische Regierungskonsultationen Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung.
- „Liberal-konservativer Kreis“: Bundestagsabgeordnete bilden neues Forum Deutschlandfunk, 4 January 2020.
- Maria Sheahan (17 July 2010), Deutsche Bahn IPO not on agenda: transport minister Reuters.
- Alexandra Hudson (23 June 2014), Merkel ally criticizes French over Alstom deal Reuters.
- Guy Chazan (3 October 2016), Germany’s deputy chancellor attacks Deutsche Bank chief Financial Times.
- Andrea Shalal (30 September 2016), German minister heads to Iran, business ties still limited Reuters.
- Günther Bannas (30 May 2011), CSU-Invasion im Kreml: Stoiber und Huber bei Putin empfangen Mittelbayerische Zeitung, 5 July 2007.
- Madeline Chambers (30 March 2014), Debate on Russian energy imports strains German coalition Reuters.
- David Böcking (18 December 2015), Streit um Sanktionen: Grüne boykottieren Energie-AG mit Russland Der Spiegel.
- Stephen Brown (27 February 2015), Germany backs Greek extension but bailout fatigue grows Reuters.
- Diese Unionsabgeordneten stimmten für die Ehe für alle Die Welt, 30 June 2017.
- Stefan Wagstyl (27 June 2017), Merkel publicly drops opposition to gay marriage Financial Times.
- Oder-Neisse-Grenze: Auch Ramsauer stimmte gegen Anerkennung. In: FR Online, 17 November 2009.
- ""Fass mich nicht an, du dreckiger Grieche": CSU-Mann Ramsauer soll Fotografen beleidigt haben". HuffPost (in German). 2 July 2016.
- "Ρατσιστική επίθεση Γερμανού πολιτικού μέσα στο Μαξίμου: "Μη με αγγίζεις βρομιάρη Έλληνα!"". newsit.gr (in Greek). 1 July 2016.
- "German ex Minister Ramsauer tells photographer: "Don't Touch me, Filthy Greek!"". keeptalkinggreece.com. 1 July 2016.
- "German Former Minister Yells Racist Attack at Greek Photoreporter". Greek Reporter. 1 July 2016.
- "Former German minister insults photographer during Athens visit". e-Kathimerini. 1 July 2016.
- "Eklat: Ramsauer nennt Fotografen "dreckigen Griechen"". Westdeutsche Zeitung (in German). 1 July 2016.
- "Besuch in Athen: Griechischer Fotograf beschuldigt Ramsauer des Rassismus". Der Spiegel (in German). 2 July 2016.
- "Eklat um rassistische Äußerungen Peter Ramsauers". Heise Medien (in German). 2 July 2016.
- "A German politician officially came out in favor of a Grexit". Business Insider. 3 July 2016.
- "Deutsche Burschenschaft: Ramsauer-Burschenschaft verlässt Dachverband". Der Spiegel (in German). 4 July 2016.
- "German-Arab trade group under fire for boycott of Israel". The Jerusaleem Post. 4 July 2016.
- "New IOC head to resign from controversial Arab-German trade group". 4 July 2016.
- No Denglisch The Economist
- Board of Directors Aebi Schmidt Holding (ASH), Frauenfeld/Switzerland.
- Members of the Supervisory Board Münchener Hypothekenbank eG.
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