Peter Moore (businessman)

Peter Moore (born 1955) is a British-American business executive. He is known for his former positions as senior VP of Global Sports Marketing at Reebok, president of Sega of America, and corporate vice-president of Microsoft's Interactive Entertainment Business division, overseeing the Xbox and Xbox 360 game consoles. From 2007 to 2011, he was head of Electronic Arts' EA Sports game division. In 2012, he was appointed COO of Electronic Arts. He resigned from EA in February 2017 to become CEO of Liverpool Football Club. It was announced in July 2020 that Moore would be leaving Liverpool at the end of August that year, having completed his three-year tenure with the club.[2]

Peter Moore
Moore at Xbox Cup 2006
Born1955 (age 67–68)[1]
Liverpool, England[1]
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
Alma materKeele University
California State University, Long Beach
EmployerUnity Technologies
Known forCareer in Sega, Microsoft and Electronic Arts

Life and career edit

Moore was born in Liverpool. He holds a bachelor's degree from Keele University and a master's degree from California State University, Long Beach. He worked for Patrick USA, the US subsidiary of a French sportswear company, and then at Reebok for almost a decade.[3] He also was a physical education teacher in Llangollen, for a number of years.[4] Moore recently[when?] became a resident of Montecito, California, US.

Sega edit

After Reebok, Moore was hired by Bernie Stolar to work at Sega of America. Despite his son owning a Sega Saturn, Moore knew little about video games.[5] However, Moore quickly rose to prominence at Sega, being a big figure in the company's North American operations during the Dreamcast era. On 11 August, Sega of America confirmed that Stolar had been fired, leaving Moore to direct the launch.[6] Moore became the president and chief operating officer of Sega of America on 8 May 2000.[7]

Moore has been proud of the success of the Dreamcast game console and the satisfaction that owners still express today; including fans of the Shenmue game franchise, which Moore describes as the most vocal fanbase during his career at Sega. Moore disclosed to that at a security checkpoint at Chicago O'Hare International Airport, a TSA security agent said "I don't need to see your passport. You're the asshole that gave away Shenmue to Xbox". Many blame Moore for using Sega as a career ladder while misusing Sega.[8]

Moore clashed with Japanese leadership. Moore commissioned a focus group of young American adults in late 2001 or early 2002 to get a sense of how they viewed different gaming companies. The focus group revealed troubling opinions about Sega. He took a subtitled tape to present to Sega leadership in Tokyo and later recalled Yuji Naka accusing him of lying and forcing focus group attendees to criticize Sega. Moore asked his interpreter to tell Naka "to fuck off" and resigned from Sega in January 2003.[9][10]

Moore is often mistakenly blamed for the discontinuation of the Dreamcast and Sega becoming platform agnostic. This is often attributed to the following which he said in an interview:

We had a tremendous 18 months. Dreamcast was on fire – we really thought that we could do it. But then we had a target from Japan that said we had to make x hundreds of millions of dollars by the holiday season and shift x millions of units of hardware, otherwise we just couldn't sustain the business. So on January 31st, 2001, we said Sega is leaving hardware. We were selling 50,000 units a day, then 60,000, then 100,000, but it was just not going to be enough to get the critical mass to take on the launch of PS2. Somehow I got to make that call, not the Japanese. I had to fire a lot of people; it was not a pleasant day.[11]

During his stint at Sega, Moore also portrayed a zombie in the film adaptation of House of the Dead along with producer of the original game Rikiya Nakagawa. Both are credited at the end of the film under "Special Thanks".


Microsoft edit

On 20 January 2003, Microsoft hired Moore to help the Xbox console compete with Sony's PlayStation 2 and Nintendo's GameCube. At Microsoft, Moore gained notoriety for displaying tattoos of Halo 2 and Grand Theft Auto IV[14] that he used when announcing the respective games (the former was used to announce Halo 2's release date of 9 November 2004, while the latter was used to announce Grand Theft Auto IV). Some sources claim that the Halo 2 tattoo was not permanent[15] and others have reported that Moore still has it.[16]

Moore also reportedly endorsed the Wii console as an alternative over the PlayStation 3, claiming that for the price of one PlayStation 3 (US$599 at the time), the consumer can buy both the Xbox 360 and Wii.[17]

Electronic Arts edit

On 17 July 2007, Electronic Arts announced that Peter Moore would be leaving Microsoft to head the sports division at Electronic Arts.[18] Moore reportedly wanted to move back to the San Francisco Bay area to live with his family, which was possible with EA. His position as vice-president of Interactive Entertainment Business at Microsoft was filled by Don Mattrick (who later also left Microsoft to join Zynga as CEO).

Moore was parodied in an episode of South Park, Season 15's Crack Baby Athletic Association, focusing on the NCAA's relationship with Electronic Arts.[19][20] On 4 August 2011, Moore was promoted from EA Sports President to the role of chief operating officer in a structure reshuffle.[21]

In an interview with the game press on 20 June 2012, Moore predicted the radical shift of the gaming industry's business model towards free-to-play, saying he believed within 10 years the industry would shift to that model entirely.[22] Under his leadership, games such as Star Wars: The Old Republic[23] and Command & Conquer: Generals 2 changed focus from a single player campaign game into a free-to-play multiplayer game with microtransactions.[24]

On 10 December 2015, Moore was appointed as the "Chief Competition Officer" of EA's newly formed competitive gaming division.[25]

Liverpool FC edit

Moore and the Premier League trophy

Moore left EA and was announced as the new CEO of the Liverpool Football Club on 27 February 2017. Moore took up his new role, which comprises running the business of the club, on 1 June 2017 and reported directly to the club's owners, Fenway Sports Group.[26][27] Moore stepped down as CEO at the end of August 2020 with Billy Hogan stepping up from his role as the club's managing director and chief commercial officer.[28] During his tenure with the club, they won the UEFA Champions League, the FIFA Club World Cup and the Premier League. Moore was also named Premier League CEO of the Year in 2019. Moore created and funded the Peter Moore Foundation while in Liverpool, supporting such causes and institutions as social isolation, food poverty, cancer research and Alder Hey Hospital and the new Clatterbridge Cancer Centre in Liverpool. He, with his wife Debbie, were named honorary Life Presidents of Fans Supporting Foodbanks, a volunteer organisation that collects food for those in need at football matches and various local events.

Gresford Athletic FC edit

In August 2020, it was announced that Moore would become the Honorary President of Gresford Athletic Football Club.[29] He previously played as a right back for the club during the 1960s and 1970s, in both the youth team and first team.

Wrexham AFC edit

In November 2020, it was announced that Moore would be involved with Wrexham AFC as an advisor to the new owners, actors Ryan Reynolds and Rob McElhenney.

Unity Technologies edit

In January 2021, Moore was named SVP and GM of Sports and Live Entertainment for Unity Technologies.[citation needed] Later in the year, he was named to the boards of Nifty Games and Motorsport Games.[citation needed]

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Peter Moore: Who is Liverpool FC's incoming new CEO?". 1 March 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  2. ^ Hunter, Andy (31 July 2020). "Peter Moore to leave role as Liverpool CEO with Billy Hogan replacing him". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  3. ^ "EA Sports Chief Names His Brand's 2008 Highlight, Predicts Fitness Gaming Boom". MTV. 20 November 2008. Archived from the original on 27 December 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  4. ^ Thorsen, Tor (13 November 2008). "Q&A: EA Sports Active-ating Wii". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 25 May 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  5. ^ "The Rise And Fall of the Dreamcast". Gamasutra. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  6. ^ Kennedy, Sam (12 August 1999). "A Post-Bernie Sega Speaks". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 5 July 2017. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  7. ^ Kennedy, Sam; Trueman, Doug (8 May 2000). "Sega announced new president, COO Peter Moore". GameSpot. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
  8. ^ "Gaming Steve Episode 56 – 06.19.2006". GamingSteve. 19 June 2006. Archived from the original on 16 October 2017. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  9. ^ Sarkar, Samit (7 April 2017). "Peter Moore recalls the last straw that convinced him to leave Sega". Polygon. Retrieved 15 July 2023.
  10. ^ "Head of Sega's American unit resigns". CNET. Retrieved 15 July 2023.
  11. ^ "Peter Moore Interview: Part One". The Guardian. 15 September 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Peter Moore, una carriera da ricordare" (in Italian). 11 March 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2018. Moore viene persino citato dal film, insieme con il produttore del gioco originale, Rikiya Nakagawa. Entrambi, nel film, meritano un "ringraziamento speciale" nei credits finali (English: Moore is even mentioned by the movie, along with original game producer, Rikiya Nakagawa. Both, in the movie, gain a "Special Thanks" in final credits)
  13. ^ Junkyard, Dreamcast. "An interview with former SEGA of America president Peter Moore". The Dreamcast Junkyard YouTube. Retrieved 10 June 2022 – via YouTube.
  14. ^ "GTA IV Announcement at E3 2006". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 15 January 2008 – via YouTube.
  15. ^ "Peter Moore's 'tattoo". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 12 May 2004. Archived from the original on 28 December 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Yes, That Halo Tattoo Is Real". Kotaku. 11 May 2006. Archived from the original on 5 September 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Moore Rubbishes PS3 Pricing Strategy, consumers will buy Wii plus a 360 instead". 11 May 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  18. ^ "Offer Letter". Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  19. ^ Dan Ryckert (7 December 2011). "South Park's Homages To Gaming". Game Informer. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  20. ^ "Crack Baby Athletic Association". South Park. Season 15. Episode 5. 25 May 2011. Comedy Central. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  21. ^ "EA's Peter Moore Promoted to Chief Operating Officer". 4 August 2011. Archived from the original on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  22. ^ Totilo, Stephen. "The Strange, Scary, Fascinating, Exciting Future of Video Games, According to A Giant". Kotaku. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  23. ^ Karmali, Luke (21 June 2012). "EA's Peter Moore: Free-to-Play is an "Inevitability"". IGN. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  24. ^ "Command & Conquer: Generals 2 will be free to play as part of online C&C series". pcgamer. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  25. ^ "Announcing the EA Competitive Gaming Division, Led by Peter Moore". Electronic Arts. 12 December 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  26. ^ "Peter Moore to be appointed LFC's chief executive officer". Liverpool F.C. 27 February 2020. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  27. ^ Owen Good (27 February 2020). "EA executive Peter Moore becomes CEO of Liverpool FC". Polygon. Retrieved 15 January 2018.
  28. ^ "Boardroom change for Liverpool as Peter Moore steps down as chief executive". The 42. 31 July 2020. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  29. ^ "Peter Moore Becomes Honourary President". Retrieved 12 October 2021.

External links edit