A Pets at Home in Bradford.

A pet shop or pet store is a retail business which sells different kinds of animals to the public. A variety of animal supplies and pet accessories are also sold in pet shops. The products sold include: food, treats, toys, collars, leashes, cat litter, cages and aquariums. Some pet stores provide engraving services for pet tags, which have the owner’s contact information in case the pet gets lost.

In the United Kingdom, United States and Canada, pet shops often offer both hygienic care (such as pet cleaning) and aesthetic services (such as cat and dog grooming).[1] Some pet stores also provide tips on training and behaviour, as well as advice on pet nutrition.

Pet stores are extremely popular in modern society. In 2004, according to the American Pet Products Manufacturers Association, in the pet industry, live animal sales reached approximately $1.6 billion. Moreover, in a 2003 survey in the US, merely 38% of U.S. pet shops claimed that they did not sell any live animals.[2]

Online pet storesEdit

Many pet stores also offer retail products online. Citing convenience as the key motivational factor for purchasing from online pet stores, the number of United States households that shopped online for pet care products in 2018 was 13 million.[3] Other stated advantages for online shopping include competitive pricing and good value due to free shipping offers. As of 2017, North America has the largest online pet care market of any other region.[3] In the United States, more than 1/3 of all purchases from online pet stores were made at PetSmart.[3] The most popular item purchased is dry dog food. In 2017, the online sales of pet care products grew by about 3.4 billion dollars, while traditional brick-and-mortar stores reported only about 317 million dollars in sales growth.[3]

As of 2018, Millennials are the biggest pet-owning generation.[4] Seventy-seven percent report that they prefer to purchase pet products like toys, accessories, and food online, but favor in-store shopping for treats, bedding and clothing.[4]

CountriesEdit

GermanyEdit

The largest pet store in the world is located in Duisburg, Germany. Named Zoo Zajac, it is located in a 130,000 square-foot warehouse and houses more than 250,000 animals from 3,000 different species. The store has become a tourist attraction, with visitors interacting with it like a zoo.[5]

United StatesEdit

A major concern with pet stores and the reason why puppies and kittens may not be sold in certain stores anymore is largely due to puppy mills. Puppy mills are commercial dog breeding businesses that breed dogs primarily for profit, often with little regard for animal welfare. According to the Puppy Mill Project "more than 2.5 million puppies are born in puppy mills each year" in the United States.[6] Kitten mills are not as widely known as puppy mills, but they still do exist. The animals in these mills are kept in tiny, unsanitary cages, receive little to no nourishment, and often receive no veterinary care. Some cities in Canada, such as Toronto, have altogether banned the sale of cats and dogs in pet stores in order to put an end to this animal abuse.[7]

In Canada and the U.S., another area of concern regarding pet stores is the laws that guide pet stores. In the U.S., there are no federal laws in place that protect animals in retail pet stores. There are state laws to protect animals, however they vary widely and some argue that they are insufficient. In twenty states and Washington, D.C., a license is required before being able to manage a pet store. The welfare of animals in pet shops relies heavily on the veterinary care available to them. In the United States, there are only 16 states that enforce veterinary care laws in pet stores.[8] In Ontario, Canada the Provincial Animal Welfare Act states that the Ontario Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals has the authorization to examine places where animals are kept for sale, including pet shops.[9]

In some states and cities in the United States - such as California and Atlanta - the sale of common pets such as dogs, cats, and rabbits, is prohibited except for those from animal shelters, in an attempt to curb poor standards of animal breeding.[10][11]

In the United States pet sales make up only 6% of the market, with most sales comprising accessories and merchandise.[5]

United KingdomEdit

In 1987 the British pet store trade had an estimated worth of £150 million.[12] The largest pet store chain is Pets at Home.[13]

In the United Kingdom, pet stores will be prohibited from selling puppies and kittens less than six months old. The ban was announced in 2018 following public pressure to improve animal breeding standards.[14]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dallas, Sue (2000). BSAVA Manual of Veterinary Care. Wiley. p. 7. ISBN 0905214498.
  2. ^ "Ten Fast Facts about Pet Shops". Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d "Topic: Online Pet Care Market". www.statista.com. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  4. ^ a b Danziger, Pamela N. "The Pet Retail Market Is Hot And Getting Hotter By The Day". Forbes. Retrieved 2019-11-29.
  5. ^ a b Crair, Ben (19 August 2015). "The World's Biggest Pet Store Has 250,000 Animals". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  6. ^ "The Truth About Puppy Mills". Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  7. ^ Criger, Erin. "Toronto bans the sale of cats and dogs in pet stores". Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  8. ^ Duncan, Ashley. "Brief Overview of Retail Pet Stores". Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  9. ^ "Ontario's Animal Protection Law Strongest In Canada". Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  10. ^ Hauser, Christine (2 January 2019). "California Forces Pet Stores to Sell Only Dogs and Cats From Shelters". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  11. ^ Godwin, Becca (14 November 2018). "Atlanta bans pet stores from selling cats and dogs". AJC. Retrieved 29 November 2019.
  12. ^ Franklin, Adrian (1999). Animals and Modern Cultures: A Sociology of Human-Animal Relations in Modernity. SAGE. p. 92. ISBN 1446222969.
  13. ^ Bolakee, Nishi (8 June 2006). "Pampering pets for profit". BBC News. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  14. ^ "British pet shops to be banned from selling puppies and kittens". The Guardian. 23 December 2018. Retrieved 29 November 2019.

External linksEdit

  • Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council - Pet Industry Joint Advisory Council (PIJAC) is the world’s largest pet trade association, representing all segments of the pet industry.