Perylene or perilene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C20H12, occurring as a brown solid. It or its derivatives may be carcinogenic, and it is considered to be a hazardous pollutant. In cell membrane cytochemistry, perylene is used as a fluorescent lipid probe. It is the parent compound of a class of rylene dyes.
|Preferred IUPAC name
peri-Dinaphthalene; Perilene; Dibenz[de,kl]anthracene
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||252.316 g·mol−1|
|Melting point||276 to 279 °C (529 to 534 °F; 549 to 552 K)|
|S-phrases (outdated)||S22 S24/25|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Perylene displays blue fluorescence. It is used as a blue-emitting dopant material in OLEDs, either pure or substituted. Perylene can be also used as an organic photoconductor. It has an absorption maximum at 434 nm, and as with all polycyclic aromatic compounds, low water solubility (1.2 x 10−5 mmol/L). Perylene has a molar absorptivity of 38,500 M−1cm−1 at 435.7 nm.
Perylene dissolved in dichloromethane exposed to Short Wave UV radiation
The perylene molecule consists of two naphthalene molecules connected by a carbon-carbon bond at the 1 and 8 positions on both molecules. All of the carbon atoms in perylene are sp2 hybridized. The structure of perylene has been extensively studied by X-ray crystallography.
- Perylene at Sigma-Aldrich
- Donaldson, D. M.; Robertson, J. M.; White, J. G. (1953). "The crystal and molecular structure of perylene". Proceedings of the Royal Society A. 220 (1142): 311–321. Bibcode:1953RSPSA.220..311D. doi:10.1098/rspa.1953.0189. JSTOR 99329.
- Annick Mathey, Wim Van Roy, Luc Van Vaeck, Gert Eckhardt, Wolfgang Steglich (1994). "In situ analysis of a new perylene quinone in lichens by Fourier-transform laser microprobe mass spectrometry with external source". Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 8 (1): 46–52. Bibcode:1994RCMS....8...46M. doi:10.1002/rcm.1290080109.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)