Peru 4–2 Austria (1936 Summer Olympics association football)

Peru v Austria was a football match played on 8 August 1936 during the Summer Olympics in Berlin.

1936 Summer Olympics
Quarterfinals
Event1936 Summer Olympics
Date8 August 1936
VenueHertha Platz, Berlin
RefereeThoralf Kristiansen (Norway)
Attendance5,000

BackgroundEdit

The Peru squad mixed members of Alianza Lima, Universitario de Deportes and 1935 league champions Sport Boys.[1]

Pre-matchEdit

AustriaEdit

Austria had won its first-round match against Egypt with a 3–1 score.[2]

PeruEdit

In the first round, Peru had an easy win over Finland 7–3, with Teodoro Fernández scoring five Peruvian goals.[3]

MatchEdit

First halfEdit

Walter Werginz opened the scoring for Austria in the 23rd minute, to give the Austrian side a one-goal lead. Shortly after, in the 37th minute of action, Klement Steinmetz put a ball past Peruvian keeper Juan Valdivieso to double Austria's early lead. After 45 minutes of play, the scoreline was 0–2 in favour of the Austrians.

 
Juan Valdivieso leaps in the air.

Second halfEdit

Trailing 0–2, with elimination from the tournament at stake, the Peruvians entered the second half with renewed determination to extend their Olympic stint. In the 75th minute, the Peruvians scored their first goal through Jorge Alcalde. Six minutes later, in the 81st minute of play, Alejandro Villanueva scored the equalizer. The remaining minutes of the match saw no further scoring, and the match went into extra-time.

Extra timeEdit

The match was highly contested, and the game went into extra time when the Peruvians drew level after being two goals behind. Peru scored five times during extra time, but three goals were declared not valid by the referee, and therefore won by the final score of 4–2.[4][5]

DetailsEdit

Peru  4–2 (a.e.t.) 1  Austria
Alcalde   75'
Villanueva   81'   117'
Fernández   119'
Report Wergin   23'
Steinmetz   37'
Attendance: 5.000
Referee: Thoralf Kristiansen (NOR)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Peru
 
 
 
 
 
Austria
PERU:
GK 1 Juan Valdivieso
DF 2 Arturo Fernández
DF 3 Víctor Lavalle
MF 4 Carlos Tovar
MF 5 Segundo Castillo
MF 6 Orestes Jordan
FW 7 Adelfo Magallanes
MF 8 Jorge Alcalde   82'
MF 9 Teodoro Fernández
FW 10 Alejandro Villanueva
FW 11 José Morales
Substitutes:
MF ~ Prisco Alcalde
FW ~ Eulogio Garcia
Manager:
  Alberto Denegri
AUSTRIA:
GK 1 Eduard Kainberger
DF 2 Ernst Kunz
MF 3 Martin Kargl
MF 4 Anton Krenn
FW 5 Karl Wahlmüller
FW 6 Max Hofmeister
MF 7 Walter Werginz
MF 8 Adolf Laudon
DF 9 Klement Steinmetz
DF 10 Josef Kitzmueller
DF 11 Franz Fuchsberger
Substitutes:
MF ~ Franz Mandl
FW ~ Karl Kainberger
Manager:
  James Hogan

Assistant referees:
  Hungary: Pal von Hertzka
  Finland: E.k. Pekonen

Post-matchEdit

ReactionsEdit

Austria protestsEdit

The Austrians demanded a rematch on the grounds that Peruvian fans had stormed the field, which then did not meet the requirements for a football game.[5][6] Austria further claimed that the Peruvian players had manhandled the Austrians and that spectators, one holding a revolver, had "swarmed down on the field."[7] Peru was summoned on this issue but were delayed by a German parade.[5]

Controversial decisionEdit

The Peruvian arguments were never heard, the Olympic Committee and FIFA sided with the Austrians and a rematch on closed grounds was scheduled for 10 August and later rescheduled for 11 August 1936.

Peru withdrawsEdit

As a sign of protest against these actions, which the Peruvians deemed as insulting and discriminatory, the complete Olympic delegations of Peru and Colombia left Germany.[8][9] Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, and Mexico expressed their solidarity with Peru.[7] Miguel Dasso, a member of the Peruvian Olympic Committee, stated: "We have no faith in European athletics. We have come here and found a bunch of merchants."[10] The game was awarded to Austria by default.[7] When the Peruvian team and delegation came back to Callao, they were warmly welcomed by thousands of people that acclaimed them as the true champions.[11]

In Peru, angry crowds protested against the decisions of the Olympic Committee by tearing down an Olympic flag, throwing stones at the German consulate, refusing to load German vessels in the docks of Callao, and listening to inflammatory speeches which included President Oscar Benavides Larrea's mention of "the crafty Berlin decision."[7] It is popularly believed that Adolf Hitler and the Nazi authorities might have had some involvement in this situation, though this was not claimed at the time.[9]

Peru was coached by Alberto Denegri,[12] whereas Austria was managed by Englishman James Hogan.

AftermathEdit

Austria won silver in the tournament. Three years later Peru won the 1939 South American Championship.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Roberto Salinas (17 June 2013). "Continuando con las cronicas ..." (in Spanish). CPDP. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
  2. ^ Fifa Report; Austria – Egypt 3:1
  3. ^ Fifa Report; Peru – Finland 7:3
  4. ^ Paul Doyle. "The forgotten story of … football, farce and fascism at the 1936 Olympics – Paul Doyle". the Guardian. Retrieved 15 March 2016.
  5. ^ a b c "Las épocas doradas del fútbol peruano y las Olimpiadas de 1936" (PDF). Beta.upc.edu.pe (in Spanish). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-04-27. Retrieved 2009-02-14.
  6. ^ "Controversia – Berlín 36. Un mito derrumbado (The Berlin '36 Controversy. A myth debunked.)" (in Spanish). Larepublica.com.pe. Archived from the original on 2009-03-22. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
  7. ^ a b c d "Sport: Olympic Games (Concl'd)". Time.com. 1936-08-24. Retrieved 2010-01-24.
  8. ^ http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:muoMOUbxrLYJ:www.todosports.com/inicio/articulos/gente/2800.aspx&cd=4&hl=ru&ct=clnk&gl
  9. ^ a b "Las Olimpiadas de Berlín". futbolperuano.com (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-08-23. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
  10. ^ "Sport: Olympic Games (Concl'd)". Time. 1936-08-24. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
  11. ^ http://archivo.elcomercio.pe/deporte-total/futbol-peruano/hace-75-anos-peru-se-retiro-jjoo-berlin-humillar-hitler-noticia-1005468
  12. ^ https://www.fifa.com/tournaments/archive/tournament=512/edition=197041/teams/team=43929.html

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit