Permanent war economy

The concept of permanent war economy originated in 1944 with an article by Ed Sard (alias Frank Demby, Walter S. Oakes and T.N. Vance), a theoretician who predicted a post-war arms race. He argued at the time that the United States would retain the character of a war economy; even in peacetime, US military expenditure would remain large, reducing the percentage of unemployed compared to the 1930s. He extended this analysis in 1950 and 1951.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ See Peter Drucker, Max Schachtman and his Left. A Socialist Odyssey through the 'American Century', Humanities Press 1994, p. xv, 218; Paul Hampton, "Trotskyism after Trotsky? C'est moi!", in Workers Liberty, vol 55, April 1999, p. 38


  • Walter S. Oakes, 1944, "Towards a Permanent Arms Economy?", Politics, February.
  • T. N. Vance, 1950, "After Korea What? An Economic Interpretation of U.S. Perspectives", New International, November–December.
  • T. N. Vance, 1951, "The Permanent Arms Economy", New International. [series of articles]
  • Charles Edward Wilson, "Army Ordnance (Vol. XXVI, No. 143, March–April 1944)".
  • Tony Cliff, Perspectives for the permanent war economy. Socialist Review March 1957. Reprint Tony Cliff, Marxist Theory after Trotsky. Selected Writings. Volume 3. Bookmarks London 2003. ISBN 1-898876-93-2
  • Chris Harman, Explaining the Crisis – A Marxist Re-Appraisal. Bookmarks London 1999. ISBN 0-906224-11-X
  • Chris Harman, Analysing Imperialism International Socialism 99. Summer 2003.
  • Michael Kidron, Western Capitalism Since the War. Penguin Books Harmondsworth 1970.
  • Alfred Sohn-Rethel, Industrie und Nationalsozialismus. Aufzeichnungen aus dem “Mitteleuropäischen Wirtschaftstag”. Wagenbach-Verlag Berlin 1992. ISBN 3-8031-2204-X
  • Alfred Sohn-Rethel, Economy and class structure of German fascism London, CSE Books 1978.
  • Ernest Mandel, Late Capitalism. London: Verso, 1975.