People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the RSFSR
People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the RSFSR, known shortly as the Narkompochtel, was the central organ of government of the RSFSR that was in charge of the organisation and development of the different forms of communication, including postal service. It was founded in Petrograd on 7 November [O.S. 25 October] 1917 from the Russian Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs and retained its organisational structure.
почт и телеграфов РСФСР
(НКПТ, НКПиТ, Наркомпочтель РСФСР)
Vadim Podbelsky, the 3rd People's Commissar
for Posts and Telegraphs and organiser of communications in the RSFSR, on a USSR stamp showing postal operation scenes
|Formed||8 November 1917|
|Dissolved||12 November 1923|
|Jurisdiction||Council of People's Commissars|
On 7 November [O.S. 25 October] 1917 the Bolsheviks came to power in Russia and set up the Council of People's Commissars. The Council took control of the former Ministry of Posts and Telegraphs. On 9 November [O.S. 27 October] 1917, the People's Commissar for Posts and Telegraphs issued a decree dissolving the former administration, which also concluded:
|“||I declare that no so-called initiatory groups or committees for the administration of the department of Posts and Telegraphs can usurp the functions belonging to the central power and to me as People's Commissar.||”|
After the October Revolution of 1917, the Soviet government undertook a number of measures for establishing the socialist organisation of communications. In 1917 and 1918, there was nationalisation of the means of communication that were given the jurisdiction of the People’s Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs. On 16 April 1918, the Council of People’s Commissars issued a decree that was signed by V. I. Lenin. The document laid the foundations for setting up the postal and telegraph department. According to another decree, of 21 November 1918, post offices became responsible for the distribution of Soviet periodicals in addition to the delivery of letters.
Following a Lenin's proposal, a resolution of the Council of People’s Commissars in January 1921 initiated the organisation of radiotelephone offices. In 1922, the Supreme Soviet of the National Economy set up the Electrotechnical Trust for Weak-current Plants. The trust supervised the operation of enterprises that were engaged in production of communication equipment. In the same year, the world’s first radio broadcast station was opened in Moscow; its power was 12 kilowatts.
On 12 November 1923, the Commissariat was replaced with the People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the USSR.
The early Soviet government organised production and distribution of postage stamps of the RSFSR. Official state policy toward philately and collector's organisations included both financial and propagandistic aims. To carry out this policy, the Commissariat organised the Russian Bureau of Philately.
Similar to other governments in the world, the Soviet authorities considered stamp collectors as a source of revenue for various relief funds. For example, in December 1921 four semi-postal stamps were produced by the State Printers. They had denominations of 2,250 rubles, of which 2,000 rubles contributed to famine aid.
State monopoly in selling and exporting stamps turned out profitable as demonstrated by sales figures. Overall, famine relief was financed with 2.97 million rubles obtained from stamp sales in 1922 between April 1 and December 1. Around 97% of the stamp sales were arranged abroad. As reported to the Central Executive Committee, 310,287 of the 320,432 stamps were sold through the official monopoly office in Mannheim, Germany.
In 1923, on the occasion of International Workers' Day, another philatelic event was organised that appealed to stamp collectors. Stamps overprinted with the inscription "Philately for Workers" were made by the government and sold for only one day in Moscow.
List of chiefsEdit
|People's Commissar for Posts and Telegraphs||Term of office|
|Nikolai Glebov-Avilov||8 November 1917 – 23 December 1917|
|Prosh Proshyan||23 December 1917 – 11 March 1918|
|Vadim Podbelsky||11 March 1918 – 1 March 1920|
|Artemi Lyubovitsh||1 March 1920 – 1 January 1921|
|Valerian Dovgalevsky||1 January 1921 – 25 May 1925|
- Council of People's Commissars
- International trading tax stamp
- Organisation of the Commissioner for Philately and Scripophily
- People's Commissariat for Communications of the USSR
- People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the USSR
- Postage stamps and postal history of Russia
- Soviet and post-Soviet postage rates
- Soviet Union stamp catalogue
- Stamps of the Soviet Union
- Владинец, Н. И.; Ильичёв, Л. И.; Левитас, И. Я.; Мазур, П. Ф.; Меркулов, И. Н.; Моросанов, И. А.; Мякота, Ю. К.; Панасян, С. А.; Рудников, Ю. М.; Слуцкий, М. Б.; Якобс, В. А. (1988). "Народный комиссариат почт и телеграфов РСФСР" [People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the RSFSR]. In Владинец, Н. И.; Якобс, В. А. (eds.). Большой филателистический словарь [Great Philatelic Dictionary] (in Russian). Moscow: Радио и связь [Radio i svyaz']. 320 p. ISBN 5-256-00175-2. Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
- Brinton, M. (9 October 2012). "1917". In Zonneveld, A. (ed.). The Bolsheviks and Workers' Control 1917–1921: The State and Counter-Revolution. On Our Own Authority! 176 p. ISBN 0985890916. OCLC 2458985. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- Давыдов, Г. Б. (1977). "Связь" [Economy]. In Прохоров, А. М. (ed.). Большая советская энциклопедия: в 30 т. (1970–1979) [The Great Soviet Encyclopedia] (in Russian and English). 24 (кн. 2) (Союз Советских Социалистических Республик) (3rd ed.). Moscow: Советская энциклопедия [Soviet Encyclopedia]. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
- Прохоров, А. М., ed. (1975). "Почтово-телеграфный журнал [Pochtovo-Telegrafnyi Zhurnal]" [Post and Telegraph Journal]. Большая советская энциклопедия: в 30 т. (1970–1979) [The Great Soviet Encyclopedia] (in Russian and English). 20 (Плата – Проб) (3rd ed.). Moscow: Советская энциклопедия [Soviet Encyclopedia]. Retrieved 2015-06-10.
- See OCLC 145382091.
- Владинец, Н. И.; Ильичёв, Л. И.; Левитас, И. Я.; Мазур, П. Ф.; Меркулов, И. Н.; Моросанов, И. А.; Мякота, Ю. К.; Панасян, С. А.; Рудников, Ю. М.; Слуцкий, М. Б.; Якобс, В. А. (1988). "Народный комиссариат почт и телеграфов СССР" [People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the USSR]. In Владинец, Н. И.; Якобс, В. А. (eds.). Большой филателистический словарь [Great Philatelic Dictionary] (in Russian). Moscow: Радио и связь [Radio i svyaz']. 320 p. ISBN 5-256-00175-2. Archived from the original on 2015-06-08. Retrieved 2015-06-08.
- Grant, J. (July 1995). "The socialist construction of philately in the early Soviet era". Comparative Studies in Society and History. 37 (3): 476–493. doi:10.1017/S0010417500019770. ISSN 0010-4175. JSTOR 179216.
- Ivanova, V. (2015-02-23). "Philately in Russia, Part 2. Philately in the RSFSR and the USSR". Russia-IC: Culture & Arts: Manners, Customs and Traditions. Russia-InfoCentre; Guarant-InfoCentre. Archived from the original on 2015-06-21. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Media related to People's Commissariat for Posts and Telegraphs of the RSFSR at Wikimedia Commons
- "Government of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic 1917–1923. Governments of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 1923–1964". Governments (historical): Soviet Union SOV 1917. Finland: Dag Larsson; Elisa Oyj. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2010-06-09.