Penmaenmawr & Welsh Granite Co.

The Penmaenmawr & Welsh Granite Co. owned and operated a major granite quarry on the north Wales coast located between Conwy and Llanfairfechan. Granite axe-heads and other implements from Neolithic quarries at Penmaenmawr have been found throughout Britain.

Penmaenmawr & Welsh Granite Co.
PenmaenmawrAndWelshGraniteCoLtd Brochure Cover.jpg
Cover of a Company brochure from the 1920s
Overview
HeadquartersPenmaenmawr
LocaleWales
Dates of operation1830s–1960s
SuccessorAbandoned
Technical
Track gauge3 ft (914 mm)

In the 1830s commercial granite quarries were opened on Penmaenmawr to meet the growing demand for granite setts. The granite was lowered from the quarry by self-acting inclines to the 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge tramway which ran to jetties from where the setts were loaded into ships. The standard gauge Chester to Holyhead railway reached Penmaenmawr in 1848, after which the majority of the quarry output was sent by rail.

The quarry and its internal narrow gauge railway continued to thrive during the nineteenth century. Production at the quarry continues in 2006, though the railway was replaced by trucks in the 1960s.

LocomotivesEdit

Name Builder Type Date Works number Notes
Penmaen De Winton 0-4-0VB 1878 The remains of the locomotive remain at the quarry
Llanfair De Winton 0-4-0VB 1895 Preserved at Gloddfa Ganol until 1997.[1] Now at the Welsh Highland Railway, Dinas railway station.
Louisa De Winton 0-4-0VB Scrapped
Watkin De Winton 0-4-0VB Preserved at the Welsh Highland Railway, Caernarfon
Hughie[2] Hunslet 0-4-0ST 1899 706 Delivered in January 1900. Out of use by April 1942. Scrapped by 1951
Stephen[2] Hunslet 0-4-0ST 1902 771 Out of use by April 1942. Scrapped by 1951
Singapore[2] Hunslet 0-4-0ST 1903 798 Scrapped 1951
Donald[2] Hunslet 0-4-0ST 1905 866 Out of use in August 1948. Scrapped 1951
Tiger[2] Hunslet 0-4-0ST 1902 764 Inside cylinders. Out of use by April 1942. Scrapped 1951

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Industrial locomotives 1979. Industrial Railway Society. 1979. pp. 240–2412. ISBN 0901096385.
  2. ^ a b c d e Thomas, Cliff (2001). Quarry Hunslets Of North Wales. Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-575-6.

See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 53°15′36″N 3°56′56″W / 53.260°N 3.949°W / 53.260; -3.949