Penang Bridge

The Penang Bridge E36 is a 13.5-kilometre (8.4-mile)[2][3] dual carriageway toll bridge and controlled-access highway in the state of Penang, Malaysia. The bridge connects Perai on the mainland side of the state with Gelugor on the island, crossing the Penang Strait. The bridge was the first and, until 2014, the only road connection between the peninsula and the island. The bridge is the second-longest bridge in Malaysia and the fifth-longest in Southeast Asia by total length, with a length over water of 8.4 kilometres (5.2 miles).[3]

Expressway 36 shield}}
Expressway 36
Penang Bridge
Jambatan Pulau Pinang
Penang Bridge in red
Route information
Length13.5 km (8.4 mi)
Existed1970's–present
HistoryOpened 3 August 1985[citation needed], inaugurated 14 September 1985[1]
Major junctions
East endE1 North–South Expressway Northern Route and Jkr-ft3112.png Jalan Perusahan Perai at Perai, Seberang Perai
West endJkr-ft3113.png Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway and Jkr-ft6.svg Gelugor Highway at Gelugor, Penang Island
Location
CountryMalaysia
Primary
destinations
George Town, Bayan Lepas, Perai, Butterworth, Bukit Mertajam
Highway system
Penang Bridge
PenangBridge.jpg
Coordinates5°21′14″N 100°21′09″E / 5.353863°N 100.352554°E / 5.353863; 100.352554
CarriesMotor vehicles
CrossesPenang Strait, Malaysia
LocalePenang
Official namePenang Bridge
Maintained byPLUS Expressways
Characteristics
Designcable-stayed bridge
box girder bridge
Total length13.5 km (8.4 mi)
Width--
Longest span225 m
History
DesignerPrimary
Government of Malaysia
Malaysian Highway Authority

Secondary
South Korea Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company (Korea) Ltd
United Engineers Malaysia Berhad
Constructed by
Multiple
Construction start1982[1]
Construction end1985[1]
Opened3 August 1985
Inaugurated14 September 1985[1]
Statistics
TollDepends on vehicle type (island-bound only)
Location

The bridge was inaugurated on 14 September 1985.[1] The current concession holder and maintainer of the bridge is PLUS Expressways. Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd was the concession holder before it was merged with the current concessionaire.[when?]

HistoryEdit

 
Night view of Penang Bridge.
 
Penang Bridge main span viewed from the deck. Note that the pairs of towers across the deck are not connected above deck level, unlike in many other cable-stayed or suspension bridges with 2 planes of cables.

ChronologyEdit

Date Event
Early 1970s The idea to build a bridge linking Seberang Perai to Penang Island was suggested by the late Tun Abdul Razak, the second Prime Minister of Malaysia and the late Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu, the second Chief Minister of Penang.
Late 1970s Penang Bridge was planned during the term of third Prime Minister, Tun Hussein Onn.
23 July 1981 Works Minister, S. Samy Vellu announced that Penang Bridge, Penang would be constructed using the cable-stayed concrete girder of the San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge instead of the steel-tied arch in the style of the Sydney Harbour Bridge.
1982 Construction of Penang Bridge officially began
3 August 1985 Official opening of Penang Bridge by fourth Prime Minister, Dato Seri Dr Mahathir Mohamad.
14 September 1985 Penang Bridge is officially opened to traffic.

Penang Bridge Widening ProjectEdit

When the bridge was initially constructed, the central span had six lanes, while the rest of the bridge had four lanes. The project to widen the entire bridge to six lanes began on January 2008 and was completed in late 2009.

FeaturesEdit

Penang Bridge has an overall length of 13.5 km (8.4 mi): 8.4 km (5.2 mi) above water, 1.5 km (0.93 mi) on Penang Island and 3.6 km (2.2 mi) in Prai. The 225 m main span is 33 m above water, held up by four 101.5 m towers. The carriageway has 3 lanes in each direction and a speed limit of 70-80 km/h.[4]

The bridge has an emergency layby equipped with SOS phone. Traffic CCTV and Variable Message Sign (VMS) are installed at all locations along the bridge. The bridge carries a Tenaga Nasional 132kV power cable.

TollsEdit

Since 1985, the Penang Bridge has been a tolled bridge. Fees are charged one way, when entering the bridge from the mainland and travelling towards Penang Island. There are no fees imposed for mainland-bound motorists coming from the island. Since 1994, the tolls have been collected by a private concession company, Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd, which has become a member company of PLUS Malaysia Berhad. Toll for motorcyclists was abolished from 1 January 2019.[5]

Electronic toll collectionEdit

As part of an initiative to facilitate faster transactions at the Perai Toll Plaza, all toll transactions at this toll plaza on the Penang Bridge have been exclusively conducted via electronic toll collection with the use of Touch 'n Go cards and SmartTAGs since 9 September 2015.

Toll ratesEdit

Class Type of vehicles Cash
(Rate in Malaysian Ringgit (RM))
1 Motorcycles Free (Starting in January 2019)
2 Motorcycles with sidecars, cars including station wagons and commercial vehicles on three wheels RM 7.00
3 Lorries and vans with two axles and four wheels RM 12.00
Buses with two axles and four wheels RM 6.00
4 Lorries, vans and buses with two axles and five or six wheels RM 25.00
Buses with two axles and five or six wheels RM 12.50
5 Vehicles with three axles RM 45.00
Buses with three axles RM 22.50
6 Vehicles with four axles RM 60.00
7 Vehicles with five and more axles RM 75.00

Junction listEdit

km Exit Interchange To Remarks
    AH2 North-South Expressway Northern Route

North
Alor Setar
Permatang Pauh
Seberang Jaya
      AH2 North-South Expressway Northern Route
      AH2 Penang Bridge
(Tun Hussein Onn Highway)
 
0
Perai Interchange Northwest
    Butterworth Outer Ring Road
  Perai
  Butterworth

Southeast
  Butterworth-Kulim Highway
  Bukit Mertajam
Parcelo cloverleaf interchange
Railway crossing bridge
EXIT 3601A
EXIT 3601B
Penang Bridge Interchange EXIT 3601A
    AH2 North-South Expressway Northern Route

South
Kuala Lumpur
Ipoh
Bukit Tambun


EXIT 3601B
  Jalan Perusahan Perai

Northwest
Perai Industrial Area

Southeast
Juru
EXIT 3601A
Stacked expressway interchange

EXIT 3601B
Cloverleaf interchange
      AH2 Penang Bridge
(Tun Hussein Onn Highway)
    Penang Bridge
U-Turn U-TURN
  Tun Hussein Onn Highway
Perai
Butterworth

  TnG TAG  
Customer Service Centre
Perai toll plaza (PLAZA A)
(Enter bridge only)
PBSB

SmartTAG Touch 'n Go TnG POS MyRFID
Opened toll system
Pay toll
Light and heavy vehicles only
Perai toll plaza (PLAZA B)
(Enter bridge only)
PBSB

SmartTAG Touch 'n Go TnG POS MyRFID
Opened toll system
Pay toll
Light and heavy vehicles only
  Perai toll plaza
PBSB
  TnG TAG  
Customer Service Centre
Enter bridge only
U-Turn U-TURN
  Penang Bridge
George Town
Bayan Lepas

  TnG TAG  
Customer Service Centre
Penang Bridge
Length Over Water: 8.4 kilometres
EXIT 3602A
EXIT 3602B
EXIT 3602C
Gelugor-Penang Bridge Interchange EXIT 3602B West
  Gelugor Highway
Malaysian Highway Authority (LLM) Regional Office
Jelutong
Gelugor
Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM)

  Tun Dr Lim Chong Eu Expressway
(Bayan Lepas Expressway)
EXIT 3602C North
George Town / Weld Quay
Air Itam
Batu Feringgi
Penang Hospital  

EXIT 3602A South
Batu Maung
Bayan Lepas Industrial Area
Penang International Airport  
Jerejak Island (Jetty)
Stacked expressway Interchange

Commemorative eventsEdit

Commemorative postage stamps to mark the opening of the Penang Bridge on 1985 were issued by the then Malaysian Postal Services Department (now Pos Malaysia) on 15 September 1985.[1] The denominations for these stamps were 20 sen, 40 sen, and RM 1.00.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

Over the years in its operation, the bridge has been a frequent spot for road accidents[6] and suicides.

On 20 January 2019, two cars travelling mainland bound collided and one plunged into the Malacca Strait as a result.[7] A search operation was launched for the submerged car and the victim was later found dead.[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bridge info". Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd. Malaysia. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Penang Bridge". PLUS Malaysia Berhad. Malaysia. Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Bridge details". Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd. Malaysia. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  4. ^ "bridge details". Penang Bridge Sdn Bhd. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 21 December 2007.
  5. ^ "No more bridge tolls for motorcyclists in Penang". Malay Mail. Petaling Jaya, Malaysia. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2022.
  6. ^ "Penang Bridge SUV Accident - It was the 5th Time!". 22 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Car plunges into sea after collision on Penang Bridge". The Star. 20 January 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Missing SUV Driver that plunged into sea believed to be college student". The Star. 20 January 2019. Retrieved 20 January 2019.

External linksEdit

Route map:

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