Pembrokeshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Pembrokeshire (Welsh: Sir Benfro) was a parliamentary constituency based on the county of Pembrokeshire in Wales. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Major settlements||Haverfordwest, Milford Haven, Pembroke Dock, Tenby|
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Carmarthen West & South Pembrokeshire and Preseli Pembrokeshire|
The Laws in Wales Act 1535 (26 Hen. VIII, c. 26) provided for a single county seat in the House of Commons for each of twelve historic Welsh counties (including Pembrokeshire) and two for Monmouthshire. Using the modern year, starting on 1 January, these parliamentary constituencies were authorised in 1536. In practice, the first known Knights of the Shire from Wales (as Members of Parliament from county constituencies were known before the nineteenth century) may not have been elected until 1545.
The Act contains the following provision, which had the effect of enfranchising the shire of Pembroke.
And that for this present Parliament, and all other Parliaments to be holden and kept for this Realm, one Knight shall be chosen and elected to the same Parliaments for every of the Shires of Brecknock, Radnor, Mountgomery and Denbigh, and for every other Shire within the said Country of Dominion of Wales;
Before the Reform ActEdit
During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century the represnntation of the county was subject to a series of contests between the Owen family of Orielton, who supported the Whig interest, and the Philipps family of Picton Castle.
The Great Reform Act to the First World WarEdit
During this period the seat was largely held by the Conservatives who held off the Liberal challenge which was so apparent in other parts of Wales. When Lord Emlyn inherited the title Earl of Cawdor in 1860 the seat was held until 1866 by George Lort Phillips. He was succeeded by James Bevan Bowen of Llwyngwair who stood down in favour of Sir John Scourfield in 1868. Scourfield died in 1876 and Bowen once again became the county member. In 1880, however, he was defeated by William Davies and the Liberals held the seat until 1918.
The Twentieth CenturyEdit
The constituency was abolished for the 1997 general election, when its territory was divided between the new constituencies of Preseli Pembrokeshire and Carmarthen West & South Pembrokeshire. Up to 1950 it was generally considered a Liberal seat, although won by the Conservatives on some occasions. From 1950 it was regarded as a fairly safe Labour seat. However, the Conservatives won the seat in 1970 when the sitting Labour MP Desmond Donnelly left the party and formed The Democratic party. Donnelly lost the seat but polled well. In subsequent elections the Conservative vote held up, tending to suggest that Donnelly had held the seat with large majorities for Labour based on his own popularity as much as being the Labour candidate.
The constituency was established with the boundaries of the county of Pembrokeshire, but by the time of abolition Fishguard and Northern Pembrokeshire had been joined to the neighbouring Cardigan (UK Parliament constituency) constituency to form Ceredigion and Pembroke North, which was captured by Plaid Cymru in 1992. This left Pembrokeshire with the major towns of Haverfordwest, Milford Haven, Pembroke Dock and Tenby.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1545||John Wogan |
|1547||Sir Thomas Jones|
|1553 (Oct)||Sir John Wogan|
|1554 (Apr)||Arnold Butler |
|1554 (Nov)||Arnold Butler |
|1555||?Richard Cornwall |
|1558||Thomas Cathern |
|1559 (Jan)||William Philipps |
|1562–1563||Sir John Perrot |
|1572||William Philipps, died 1573, |
replaced 1576 by John Wogan , died 1581,
replaced 1584 by Sir Thomas Perrot
|1584 (Nov)||Thomas Revell|
|1588 (Oct)||George Devereux|
|1593||Sir Thomas Perrot|
|1597 (Sep)||Sir Gelly Meyrick|
|1614||Sir John Wogan|
|1620||Sir John Wogan|
|1624||Sir James Perrott|
|1625||Sir John Wogan|
|1626||Sir John Wogan|
|1628||Sir John Wogan|
|1640 (Apr)||Sir John Wogan|
|1640 (Nov)||Sir John Wogan, died 1644
replaced by ?
|1653||Not represented in Barebones Parliament|
|1654||Sir Erasmus Philipps, 3rd Baronet
|1659||Sir Erasmus Philipps, 3rd Baronet|
|1679||Sir Hugh Owen, Bt||Whig|
|1689||Sir Hugh Owen, Bt||Whig|
|1695||Sir Arthur Owen, Bt||Whig|
|1715||Sir Arthur Owen, Bt|
|1747||Sir William Owen, Bt|
|1761||Sir John Philipps, Bt|
|1765||Sir Richard Philipps, Bt|
|1770||Sir Hugh Owen, Bt|
|1786||The Lord Milford|
|1812||Sir John Owen, Bt|
|1832||Sir John Owen||Tory|
|1861 b-e||George Lort Phillips||Conservative|
|1866 b-e||James Bevan Bowen||Conservative|
|1868||Sir John Scourfield||Conservative|
|1876 b-e||James Bevan Bowen||Conservative|
|1898 b-e||John Philipps||Liberal|
|1908 b-e||Walter Roch||Liberal|
|1918||Sir Evan Davies Jones||Coalition Liberal|
|1922||Gwilym Lloyd George||National Liberal|
|1929||Gwilym Lloyd George||Liberal|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
Elections in the 1860sEdit
Campbell succeeded to the peerage, becoming Earl Cawdor and causing a by-election.
|Conservative||George Lort Phillips||1,194||54.9||N/A|
|Conservative||George Lort Phillips||Unopposed|
Phillips' death caused a by-election.
|Conservative||James Bevan Bowen||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
Scourfield's death caused a by-election.
|Conservative||James Bevan Bowen||1,882||53.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Conservative||Arthur Picton Saunders-Davies||3,970||46.6||+3.1|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Conservative||Edward Marlay Samson||3,291||34.9||+4.2|
|Conservative||Edward Marlay Samson||2,989||34.5||−0.4|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
|C||Liberal||Evan Davies Jones||19,200||69.8||+4.3|
|Christian Socialist||Griffith Bowen Thomas||597||2.2||N/A|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|National Liberal||Gwilym Lloyd George||21,569||69.0||N/A|
|Labour||William James Jenkins||9,703||31.0||+3.0|
|National Liberal gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Liberal||Gwilym Lloyd George||13,173||38.3||−30.7|
|Labour||William James Jenkins||9,511||27.7||−3.3|
|Liberal||Gwilym Lloyd George||13,045||36.2||−2.1|
|Labour||William James Jenkins||8,455||23.4||−4.3|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.3|
|Liberal||Gwilym Lloyd George||19,050||41.8||+5.6|
|Labour||William James Jenkins||12,235||26.9||+3.5|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+7.4|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
- opposed to National Government.
|Liberal||Gwilym Lloyd George||16,734||37.41|
|Conservative||George Edmund Allison||15,660||35.01|
|Labour||William James Jenkins||12,341||27.59|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Liberal: Gwilym Lloyd George
- Labour: William James Jenkins
- Supported the National Government. The Liberal Party had left the war coalition.
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|National Liberal and Conservative||Gwilym Lloyd George||25,421||49.9|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Liberal||Dyfrig Hughes Pennant||10,688||19.9|
|Independent||William L Davies||25,410||48.5|
|Conservative||Henry Graham Partridge||22,301||42.8|
|Plaid Cymru||Waldo Williams||2,253||4.3|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||Henry Graham Partridge||15,340||30.28|
|Plaid Cymru||Dyfrig Thomas||1,717||3.39|
|Conservative||Franicis Michael Fisher||17,921||36.17|
|Liberal||Owain Glyn Williams||5,308||10.71|
|Plaid Cymru||Jack Sheppard||2,460||4.97|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Democratic Party||Desmond Donnelly||11,824||21.48|
|Plaid Cymru||Wynne Samuel||3,681||6.69|
|Liberal||David Wynford Thomas||3,541||4.62|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Liberal||Patrick Edwin Charles Jones||12,340||21.20|
|Plaid Cymru||RV Davies||2,820||4.84|
|Liberal||Patrick Edwin Charles Jones||9,116||15.91|
|Plaid Cymru||RB Davies||2,580||4.50|
|Plaid Cymru||R Dawe||1,573||2.54|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||J Pullin||10,983||20.71|
|Plaid Cymru||Osi Rhys Osmond||1,073||2.02|
|Plaid Cymru||Osi Rhys Osmond||1,119||1.9|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Berry||6,625||10.9||−15.2|
|Plaid Cymru||Conrad L. Bryant||1,627||2.7||+0.7|
|Green||Roger W. Coghill||484||0.8||+0.8|
|Anti-Federalist League||RM Stoddart||158||0.3||+0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.6|
- "Pembrokeshire". The History of Parliament. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "P"
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- Western Mail 28 Mar 1914
- Etholiadau'r ganrif 1885-1997, Beti Jones
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1970, FWS Craig
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 September 2018. Retrieved 20 December 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1987. David Boothroyd. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.