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Pella (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Πέλλας) is one of the regional units of Greece, in the geographic region of Macedonia. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia. It is named after the ancient city of Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia and the birthplace of Alexander the Great.[1] The capital of Pella is Edessa with a population of 19,036 inhabitants according to the census of 2011, while the largest city and industrial and commercial center is Giannitsa with 29,789 inhabitants. Other centers are the towns Krya Vrisi, Aridaia and Skydra.

Pella

Περιφερειακή ενότητα
Πέλλας
Municipalities of Pella
Municipalities of Pella
Pella within Greece
Pella within Greece
Coordinates: 40°55′N 22°05′E / 40.917°N 22.083°E / 40.917; 22.083Coordinates: 40°55′N 22°05′E / 40.917°N 22.083°E / 40.917; 22.083
CountryGreece
RegionCentral Macedonia
CapitalEdessa
Government
 • Vice GovernorTheodoros Theodoridis
Area
 • Total2,506 km2 (968 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total139,680
 • Density56/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal codes
58x xx
Area codes238x0
ISO 3166 codeGR-59
Car platesΕΕ
Websitewww.pella.gr

Contents

AdministrationEdit

The regional unit Pella is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are:[2]

PrefectureEdit

 
Clocktower of Giannitsa.

Administratively, Pella is divided into four municipalities (Kallikratis). According to the 2011 census the population of the regional unit was 139,680.[2]

New municipality Old municipalities Seat
Almopia Aridaia Aridaia
Exaplatanos
Edessa Edessa Edessa
Vegoritida
Pella Pella Giannitsa
Giannitsa
Krya Vrysi
Kyrros
Megas Alexandros
Skydra Skydra Skydra
Meniida

ProvincesEdit

Provinces of Pella Prefecture Seat (if different)
Province of Almopia Aridaia
Province of Edessa
Province of Giannitsa

Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.

GeographyEdit

The regional unit covers an area of 2,505.8 Km², the majority of which is covered by arable land, forests and pastures. Mountainous areas surrounding Pella are Mount Vora (2,524 metres), Mount Vermion (2,027 metres), Mount Paiko (1,458 metres), Mount Jenna (2,182 metres) and Mount Pinovo (2,154 metres). The main plains are Pozar in the north and the vast plain of Giannitsà in the southeastern part. Other natural features of the area include Lakes Vegoritida and Agra, and Rivers Loudias and Edessian. Pella's southernmost portion is flat and in ancient times, it was a gulf connected to the Aegean Sea. The elevation in the south does not exceed about 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) above sea level. Pella has surface and groundwater resources. There are a number of archaeological sites in the area.

Pella is bounded by the prefectures of Kilkis to the northeast, Thessaloniki to the east, Imathia to the south, Kozani to the southwest, by Lake Vegoritida to the southwest, and by Florina to the west. On the north, it is bounded by the national border between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia.

HistoryEdit

In antiquity, the area around the modern Pella regional unit was part of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon. It later became part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires. Following approximately 500 years of Ottoman rule, it rejoined Greece in 1913, following the Balkan Wars.

AgricultureEdit

The southern part of the regional unit has a number of orchards. While agriculture once represented its main industry, today, manufacturing, services and other businesses dominate about 70% of its industry.

TransportEdit

  • GR-1 (old highway), SE
  • GR-2/E90, W, SW, Cen., E, SE
  • Edessa - Verroia road, S
  • Thessaloniki-Giannitsa-Edessa

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (1999). Administrative subdivisions of countries: a comprehensive world reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 152. ISBN 978-0-7864-0729-3.
  2. ^ a b "Kallikratis reform law text" (PDF).

External linksEdit