Pella (regional unit)
Pella (Greek: Περιφερειακή ενότητα Πέλλας) is one of the regional units of Greece, in the geographic region of Macedonia. It is part of the Region of Central Macedonia. It is named after the ancient city of Pella, the capital of ancient Macedonia and the birthplace of Alexander the Great. The capital of Pella is Edessa with a population of 19,036 inhabitants according to the census of 2011, while the largest city and industrial and commercial center is Giannitsa with 29,789 inhabitants. Other centers are the towns Krya Vrisi, Aridaia and Skydra.
Municipalities of Pella
Pella within Greece
|• Vice Governor||Theodoros Theodoridis|
|• Total||2,506 km2 (968 sq mi)|
|• Density||56/km2 (140/sq mi)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||GR-59|
The regional unit Pella is subdivided into 4 municipalities. These are:
|New municipality||Old municipalities||Seat|
|Provinces of Pella Prefecture||Seat (if different)|
|Province of Almopia||Aridaia|
|Province of Edessa|
|Province of Giannitsa|
Note: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece.
The regional unit covers an area of 2,505.8 Km², the majority of which is covered by arable land, forests and pastures. Mountainous areas surrounding Pella are Mount Vora (2,524 metres), Mount Vermion (2,027 metres), Mount Paiko (1,458 metres), Mount Jenna (2,182 metres) and Mount Pinovo (2,154 metres). The main plains are Pozar in the north and the vast plain of Giannitsà in the southeastern part. Other natural features of the area include Lakes Vegoritida and Agra, and Rivers Loudias and Edessian. Pella's southernmost portion is flat and in ancient times, it was a gulf connected to the Aegean Sea. The elevation in the south does not exceed about 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) above sea level. Pella has surface and groundwater resources. There are a number of archaeological sites in the area.
Pella is bounded by the prefectures of Kilkis to the northeast, Thessaloniki to the east, Imathia to the south, Kozani to the southwest, by Lake Vegoritida to the southwest, and by Florina to the west. On the north, it is bounded by the national border between Greece and the Republic of Macedonia.
In antiquity, the area around the modern Pella regional unit was part of the ancient Greek Kingdom of Macedon. It later became part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine and the Ottoman Empires. Following approximately 500 years of Ottoman rule, it rejoined Greece in 1913, following the Balkan Wars.
The southern part of the regional unit has a number of orchards. While agriculture once represented its main industry, today, manufacturing, services and other businesses dominate about 70% of its industry.