Peacemaking criminology

Peacemaking criminology is a non-violent movement against oppression, social injustice and violence as found within criminology, criminal justice and society in general. With its emphasis on inter-personal, intra-personal and spiritual integration, it is well connected to the emerging perspective of positive criminology.

According to Conklin, "[peacemaking criminology] regards crime as the product of a social structure that puts some groups at a disadvantage, sets people against one another, and generates a desire for revenge."[1]

Peacemaking criminology emerged from work in anarchist criminology, which applies anarchist principles to criminological inquiry.[2] Jeff Shantz and Dana M. Williams argue that the thought of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon was a precursor of peacemaking criminology and restorative justice.[3] More recently, Harold Pepinsky's 1978 article on "communist anarchism as an alternative to the rule of criminal law" introduced the fundamentals of the peacemaking approach.[4]


  1. ^ Conklin, John E. (2007). Criminology (10th ed.). Boston: Pearson, Allyn and Bacon. p.
  2. ^ Ferrell, Jeff (2010). "Anarchist Criminology". In Cullen, Francis T.; Wilcox, Pamela (eds.). Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory. SAGE Publishing. pp. 45–6. doi:10.4135/9781412959193.n11. ISBN 9781412959186.
  3. ^ Shantz, Jeff; Williams, Dana M. (2013). Anarchy and Society: Reflections on Anarchist Sociology. Brill Publishers. pp. 94–5.
  4. ^ Ferrell, Jeff (2018). "Against the Law: Anarchist Criminology". In Nocella, Anthony J. II; Seis, Mark; Shantz, Jeff (eds.). Contemporary Anarchist Criminology: Against Authoritarianism and Punishment. Peter Lang. pp. 13–14.

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