Payson is a town in northern Gila County, Arizona, United States. Its location puts it very near to the geographic center of Arizona. Payson has been called "The Heart of Arizona". The town is surrounded by the Tonto National Forest and has many outdoor activities year round. As of the 2010 census, the population of Payson was 15,301.
Green Valley Park in Payson
"Arizona's Cool Mountain Town"
Location of Payson in Gila County, Arizona
|• Body||Payson Town Council|
|• Mayor||Tom Morrissey|
|• Total||19.36 sq mi (50.13 km2)|
|• Land||19.35 sq mi (50.11 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|Elevation||4,890 ft (1,490 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||799.88/sq mi (308.84/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (MST (no DST))|
|GNIS ID(s)||32746, 2413121|
Payson considers its founding year 1882, at which time the town was known as "Green Valley". On March 3, 1884, a post office was established with the help of Illinois Representative Levi Joseph Payson. The first postmaster was Frank C. Hise. In honor of the representative's help, the town's name was changed to "Payson".
Payson had its first rodeo in 1884. It considers its rodeo the "world's oldest continuous", as it has been held every year since.
In 1918 author Zane Grey made his first trip to the area surrounding Payson. He would come back with regularity through 1929, and would purchase two plots of land near Tonto Creek, including 120 acres (49 ha) from Sampson Elam Boles under Myrtle Point. Grey wrote numerous books about the area and also filmed some movies, such as To the Last Man, in the Payson area in the 1920s.
During the 1930s an effort began to try to get Payson a better road to connect it to the outside world. At that time the town was very isolated, with a trip from Phoenix to Payson taking eight to twelve hours. Throughout the 1950s work on a paved road from Phoenix to Payson progressed, and the road was completed in 1958. A few years ago[when?] this highway, State Route 87 (also known as the "Beeline Highway"), was expanded to four lanes.
Located in northern Gila County at  at an elevation of 5,000 feet (1,500 m), the town has a total area of 19.5 square miles (51 km2). The Mogollon Rim, the southern boundary of the Colorado Plateau, lies to the north of Payson, with elevations exceeding 7,500 feet (2,300 m); there are many cold water lakes on top of the rim. They are stocked with fish by the Arizona Game and Fish Department.(34.239462, -111.327456),
Payson is bordered to the east by the town of Star Valley. Other nearby communities are Pine, Strawberry, Gisela and Rye, all within Gila County. Globe, the Gila County seat, is 80 miles (130 km) to the south via State Routes 87 and 188. State Route 87, the Beeline Highway, leads southwest 90 miles (140 km) to Phoenix and northeast 90 miles (140 km) to Winslow. State Route 260 leads east from Payson 90 miles (140 km) to Show Low.
Zane Grey CountryEdit
"Zane Grey Country" is a term for the area around Payson. This term was most often used in the 1970s and 1980s, and appeared in the header of the local newspaper, the Payson Roundup. In recent times it has fallen somewhat out of favor, as the term "Rim Country" has become more popular among locals.
Owing to its elevation of almost 5,000 feet (1,500 m), Payson has what is classified as a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa), though atypical for this climate with its early-summer drought and late-summer rainfall. While average temperatures do reach the high 80s to mid 90s in summer, the town’s altitude usually keeps it protected from the 100 °F (37.8 °C)+ temperatures usually found at Arizona’s lower elevations. Monsoon storms often develop in the later afternoon, bring heavy rainfall to the area and also lower the temperature. Summer nights cool down into the 50s.
Winter is also mild, with cold nights. January's average nighttime low is 25.3 °F or −3.7 °C with some nights in the teens, but by mid-afternoon, the temperature has usually risen into the 50s. There are only a few days of real winter, with 23.3 inches (0.59 m) of annual snowfall, but very little snow cover. The weather in Payson is as varied as the landscape, and a snowstorm is often followed by weather so warm that any accumulation melts away within a day or two. In spring the desert blooms with a fiery array of Indian paintbrush, primrose, and the golds and fuchsias of cactus blossoms and other brightly colored wildflowers.
On Monday, November 5, 2001, between about 8 pm and 10:30 pm, Payson was treated to a rare display of the Northern Lights. It is extremely rare and only happens during solar flares because Payson is so far south. The lights appeared in a red color.
|Climate data for Payson, Arizona|
|Record high °F (°C)||77
|Average high °F (°C)||54.4
|Average low °F (°C)||25.3
|Record low °F (°C)||−8
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||2.33
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||4.8
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch)||6.4||5.9||7.0||3.9||3.1||2.2||9.6||10.6||6.5||4.7||4.5||5.1||69.5|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch)||1.7||1.3||1.7||0.7||0||0||0||0||0||0.1||0.7||1.2||7.4|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 13,620 people, 5,832 households, and 4,070 families residing in the town. The population density was 699.6 people per square mile (270.1/km²). There were 7,033 housing units at an average density of 361.2 per square mile (139.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.75% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 1.89% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.34% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. 5.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 5,832 households out of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.6% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.71.
In the town, the population was spread out with 18.1% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 15.3% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 36.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,638, and the median income for a family was $38,713. Males had a median income of $30,900 versus $23,750 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,513. About 6.5% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.1% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.
Ninety-seven percent of the land around Payson is under the jurisdiction of the United States Forest Service (Payson is surrounded by the Tonto National Forest) or by tribal governments. Consequently, much of the land is available for hiking, horseback riding, fishing and hunting activities. Tonto Natural Bridge, the largest known travertine natural bridge in the world, is located just northwest of Payson in Tonto Natural Bridge State Park, a unit of the Arizona State Park system. The area incorporates three golf courses, two of which belong to private country clubs. Mazatzal Casino, a tribal casino, is operated by the Tonto Apache Indian Reservation near the south end of the city. The casino also provides Thanksgiving and Christmas buffets.
The Payson area is a popular destination for rockhounds. In various areas surrounding the community quartz crystals can be found, some rivaling Herkimer diamonds in quality, as well as geodes, agate and onyx. Fossils are commonly found in the Paleozoic strata that is exposed along the Mogollon Rim to the north and west of Payson along State Route 87 and State Route 260.
Payson has two parks, Green Valley Park and Rumsey Park. Payson also has two lakes which are part of the Urban Fish Program. A community swimming pool is located near Rumsey Park and the town hosts free outdoor concerts in the summer. Other activities include intramural sports like baseball and football. Payson also has a small skatepark.
Payson is the site of the annual Arizona State Championship Old Time Fiddlers Contest, held in September. The fiddle contest features both local and nationally known players and awards cash prizes. Payson is also home of two rodeos. In May the Multi-Purpose Event Center across from the Tonto Apache Indian Reservation hosts the Gary Hardt Memorial Rodeo. In August, the historic August Doin's Rodeo (1884) takes place making Payson, Arizona the "Home of the World's Oldest Continuous Rodeo." Prescott, Arizona is known as hosting the "World's Oldest Rodeo" (1888) but took a hiatus during World War II.
In 2010, the Governor of Arizona appointed the Payson Police Department Executive Director, Detective Matt Van Camp, as state coordinator for the controversial Department of Defense reutilization program of military excess equipment, also known as 1033 program.
The following are images of some of the historic structures recognized as such by the local Payson government. These properties have plaques which tell of their historical significance.
- The Haught Cabin - Henry and Sarah Haught built their log cabin in 1904 of alternating layers of logs and chinking in Roberts Mesa. The Haught’s cabin measured 10′ by 18′. It had a dirt floor and no windows. The cabin was moved to Tonto Creek and by 1930, it was abandoned. In 1999, the cabin was moved once more, this time to the Green Valley Park and reassembled on the museum’s grounds which is located at 700 South Green Valley Parkway.
- The Sidles Mud House - Henry Sidles built in 1882, a poured mud house at 505A W. Main St. The mud house was later purchased by August and Wilhelmina Pieper.
- The Pieper Mansion - August and Wilhelmina Pieper built a new house which became known as the "Pieper Mansion" in 1893. After the house, which is located at 505 W. Main Street, was completed, the Piepers moved in and used the "mud house" for storage.
- The Ranger Station - This is the oldest Ranger Station still standing in the Southwest. It belonged to the Payson Ranger District of the National Tonto Forest. The station was built in 1907.
- The Ranger Family House - was built in 1933 and as the Ranger Station it is the oldest Ranger Family House still standing in the Southwest.
- The Ranger Office - was built in 1932 and together with the Ranger Station and the Ranger Family House completes the ranger complex of the Payson Ranger District. The three properties are located in the grounds of what is now the Green Valley Park on 700 South Green Valley Parkway.
- The Ox Bow Inn and Saloon - Built in 1933 and located at 607 W Main St. The log inn was built as the Payson Hotel and the restaurant was named the Busy Bee. In 1945 the business was taken over and expanded by Jimmy Cox, who renamed the hotel the Ox Bow Inn. The property was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in October 01, 2004, ref.: #04001073.
- The Tonto Bridge - Tonto Natural Bridge has been in the making for thousands of years. It is believed to be the largest natural travertine bridge in the world. By travertine what is meant that white or light-colored calcareous rock was deposited from mineral springs.
Nearest cities and townsEdit
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017.
- "Feature Detail Report for: Payson". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Payson town, Arizona". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 28, 2016.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 7, 2018.
- Payson Roundup, December 4, 2002
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "PAYSON, AZ" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. December 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- 2007 Gila County readjusted Demographics and Marketing Statistics
- Pyle, Jinx; Jayne Peace Pyle (2004). Rodeo 101. Git a Rope! Publishing. ISBN 0-9722560-8-3.
- Craven, Scott (August 18, 2006). "Ropin', rasslin' and bustin' bronc' World's Oldest Continuous Rodeo' in Payson". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2008-04-22.
- Payson Unified School District http://www.pusd.k12.az.us/
- Gila Community College http://www.gilaccc.org/
- Rim County Museum
- The Mud House
- Smithsonian Magazine
- "The History of Payson's Oxbow Inn & Saloon". Oxbow Inn. 2008-11-04.