Pavliani (Greek: Παύλιανη) is a village on Mount Oeta, and a former community in Phthiotis, Greece. It is divided into two settlements, Pavliani proper or Ano Pavliani (Άνω Παύλιανη) and Nea Pavliani (Νέα Παύλιανη) or Kato Pavliani (Κάτω Παύλιανη).[2]

Pavliani
Παύλιανη
Pavliani is located in Greece
Pavliani
Pavliani
Location within the regional unit
DE Pavlianis.svg
Coordinates: 38°44′N 22°20′E / 38.733°N 22.333°E / 38.733; 22.333Coordinates: 38°44′N 22°20′E / 38.733°N 22.333°E / 38.733; 22.333
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCentral Greece
Regional unitPhthiotis
MunicipalityLamia
 • Municipal unit38.468 km2 (14.853 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Municipal unit
498
 • Municipal unit density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationΜΙ

HistoryEdit

In Greek mythology, Oeta is chiefly celebrated as the scene of Heracles' death and funeral pyre.[3] The remains of a 3rd-century BC Doric temple dedicated to Heracles and his funeral pyre (Πυρὰ Ἡρακλέους), as well as an altar and ruins of adjacent buildings, still survive at the entrance of the Katavothra plateau at a height of 1,800 m, near Pavliani. The temple complex remained in use until late Roman times.[4][5] The ruins of the medieval town of Siderokastron are located to the east of the village.[6]

With the establishment of the independent Kingdom of Greece, on 20 April 1835 Pavliani became the seat of the Municipality of Rodontia (Δήμος Ροδοντίων) of the Phocis and Locris Prefecture.[7] The municipality comprised the nearby villages of Gardikaki (Oiti), Sklithraki, and Koumaritsi.[7]

On 2 July 1841 the Municipality of Rodontia was dissolved and Pavliani became part of the Municipality of Irakleiotes (Δήμος Ηρακλειωτών) of the Phthiotis and Phocis Prefecture (in 1899–1909 the Phthiotis Prefecture),[7] until it became an independent community (Κοινότης Παύλιανης) on 31 August 1912.[8] The village was also the site of the Battle of Pavliani on 3 June 1943, by the forces of the Greek Resistance against an Italian army column. A monument dedicated to the fallen of the battle stands at the entrance of Kato Pavliani.

Pavliani remained an independent community until the 2011 local government reform,[8] following which it is part of the municipality of Lamia, of which it is a municipal unit. The municipal unit has an area of 38.468 km2.[2] Population was 498 in the 2011 census, of whom 367 in Ano Pavliani and 131 in Kato Pavliani.[1]

PopulationEdit

Year 1889 1896 1907 1920 2001 2011
Population 727[9] 885[10] 972[11] 1,001[12] 574[13] 498[1]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. ^ a b "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  3. ^   Smith, William, ed. (1854). "Oeta". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. I. London: John Murray.
  4. ^ Kastanioti & Stamellou 2013, p. 34.
  5. ^ Kramolisch, Herwig. "Oete". Brill's New Pauly. Brill Online. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  6. ^ Koder & Hild 1976, pp. 256–257.
  7. ^ a b c Δ. Ροδοντίων (in Greek). Hellenic Agency for Local Development and Local Government. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  8. ^ a b Κ. Παύλιανης (in Greek). Hellenic Agency for Local Development and Local Government. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  9. ^ 1889 Greek census [el]: Στατιστική της Ελλάδος. Πληθυσμός. Απογραφή της 15-16 Απριλίου 1889 (PDF). Athens: Ministry of the Interior, Public Economy and Statistics Section. 1890. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-12-15. (in Greek and French), p. 8
  10. ^ 1896 Greek census [el]: Στατιστικά αποτελέσματα της απογραφής του πληθυσμού κατά την 5-6 Οκτωβρίου 1896 (PDF). Athens: Ministry of the Interior, Public Economy and Statistics Section. 1897. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-12-16. (in Greek and French), p. 33
  11. ^ 1907 Greek census [el]: Στατιστικά αποτελέσματα της γενικής απογραφής του πληθυσμού κατά την 27 Οκτωβρίου 1907 (PDF). Ministry of the Interior, Census Service. 1909. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-05-08. (in Greek and French), p. 367
  12. ^ 1920 census, Statistical Results for Central Greece and Euboea, p. 37]
  13. ^ 2001 Greek census [el]: De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003.

SourcesEdit

  • Kastanioti, A.; Stamellou, A. (2013). Οίτη, Ένα Βουνό Γεμάτο Ομορφιές και Μύθους / Oiti, A Mountain Full of Beauties and Myths (in Greek and English). Loutra Ypatis: Management Body of Mt Oiti National Park.
  • Koder, Johannes; Hild, Friedrich (1976). Tabula Imperii Byzantini, Band 1: Hellas und Thessalia (in German). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. ISBN 978-3-7001-0182-6.

External linksEdit