Paulino Gullas

Paulino Arandia Gullas (April 29, 1891 – 1945) was a Filipino Visayan lawyer, newspaper publisher, and legislator from Cebu, Philippines. He was the founder of The Freeman, Cebu's longest-running newspaper, served as member of the 7th Philippine Legislature for Cebu's 2nd district (1925–1927), Delegate to the 1934 Constitutional Convention, and member of the National Assembly during World War II.

Paulino Arandia Gullas
Member of the House of Representatives of the 7th Philippine Legislature for Cebu's 2nd District
In office
Preceded byVicente Sotto
Succeeded bySotero Cabahug
Delegate to the 1934 Constitutional Convention
In office
July 30, 1934 – February 8, 1935
Member of the National Assembly
In office
Personal details
BornApril 29, 1891
Cebu, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Cebu, Philippines
Spouse(s)Gilda Kilayko Gullas (+)
ChildrenMary Gullas (+), Cecilia Gullas, Victoria Gullas
Alma mater
  • Lawyer
  • Publisher
  • Poet

Education and personal lifeEdit

Paulino Gullas was born in Cebu, Philippines on April 29, 1891.[1] He was the son of Heminigildo Gullas and Necifora Arandia.[2] He attended Cebu Primary School, Colegio de San Carlos, Cebu Normal School, Cebu High School, and Manila High School.[3]

He was known to be an orator during his student days at the University of the Philippines[1] where he acquired his law degree.[3] He also became the first business manager of Philippine Law Journal, a publication established in the University of the Philippines in 1914.[4] When he passed the bar exams in 1916, he earned the highest marks among all examinees,[1] becoming the first bar topnotcher from Cebu.[5]

Married to Gilda Kilayko from Bacolod, Negros Occidental, he had three children namely Mary, Cecilia and Victoria.[4]

He is survived by his grandchildren, Evangeline Nadela, Paulino Hubahib, Maristella Stokes, Vicente Patrick Hubahib and Angeline Glencross, as well as his great-grandchildren, Paul Christian Hubahib, Jose Angelo Vicente Hubahib, Michael Francis Hubahib, Keith Nicholas Hubahib and Christopher Stokes.


Paulino A. Gullas established a law office that handled cases from different parts of the country. His law firm's partners included congressman Pedro Lopez and Jose Leuterio, who would later become an associate justice of the Court of Appeals.[4]


He started as a reporter of Cablenews American,[3] a Manila-based newspaper.[6]

He is the founder of The Freeman,[3][7] Cebu's longest-running newspaper. Its maiden issue was printed on May 10, 1919.[8][9] The newspaper stopped circulation on the outbreak of World War II.[10][11] Jose Gullas, revived the periodical in 1965 as a weekly magazine and then to a daily English newspaper in 1969.[12]


From 1918 until 1919, he was chosen as the first registrar of the University of Philippines Cebu.[13][14] He was also the president of the Visayan Institute,[3] a school founded by his brother Vicente.[8]


According to Resil Mojares' book Cebuano Literature, Paulino wrote poems and used the pen name Paul Dantes.[3]


He was voted member of the House of Representatives in 1925 until 1927 for the old 2nd district of Cebu,[3][15] which was composed of Cebu City and the towns of Mandaue, Consolacion, Liloan, Compostela, Cordova and Opon.[8] In 1934, he was elected as delegate to the Constitutional Convention to draft the 1935 Philippine Constitution.[1][3]

World War IIEdit

Paulino Gullas was forced to serve in the government during the Japanese occupation in World War II. He was the commissioner for the Visayas chapter of KALIBAPI (Kapisanan sa Paglilingkod sa Bagong Pilipinas), a political party formed during the war.[8][16] He wrote the paper, The Delicate Japanese-Filipino Problem", where he advised the Japanese to refrain from slapping Filipinos as slap to the face was considered abusively demeaning.[17] Moreover, he intervened and helped release Irish confreres of the Redemptorists.[18]

Additionally, he was a delegate to the National Assembly formed in 1943, representing the city of Cebu.[19][15]

There are various accounts on his demise before the war ended. It is said that he was executed by the Japanese forces in the hills of Cebu. Another account claimed that together with war-time governor, Jose S. Leyson, and other Cebu officials, he was taken to the Babag Ridge area together with the retreating Japanese military and was killed when the Americans bombed the cave in which they were hiding.

Stories from his surviving relatives revealed that, while forced to serve the Japanese, Paulino Gullas was secretly leaking intel to the Cebuano guerillas. When the Japanese military discovered such treachery, they hunted him down but were unsuccessful since he was able to hide in a secret underground room located near a well beside his house. It was only when the Japanese threatened to kill his wife and daughters that Paulino Gullas surrendered to himself to the Japanese forces. He was eventually executed and his remains have never been found.[20]

Historical commemorationEdit

  • The University of Visayas College of Law was renamed Gullas Law School in his honor.[5]
  • On April 4, 1960 the street known previously as Calle Nueva was renamed Don Paulino Gullas Street in his honor by virtue of City Council Ordinance No. 285.[4]

Further readingEdit

  • Pernia, Ronald. Education, Media and Politics: The Gullas Family of Cebu, University of the Philippines (2018)


  1. ^ a b c d Tinga, Pablo S. (2009). CEBU: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. Cebu City: Saint Jude Book Publisher. ISBN 9789710553150.
  2. ^ Oaminal, Clarence Paul (January 15, 2014). "Vicente Gullas St, Cebu City". The Freeman through Pressreader. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Mojares, Resil B. (1975). Cebuano Literature: A Survey and Bio-Bibliography with Finding List. San Carlos Publication Series A: Humanities Number Ten. Cebu City Public Library: University of San Carlos. p. 147.
  4. ^ a b c d Oaminal, Clarence Paul (August 20, 2014). "Don Paulino A. Gullas, the first Cebuano to top bar exams". The Freeman through Pressreader. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  5. ^ a b Jimenez, Josephus (November 4, 2017). "Will Cebu produce another bar topnotcher? | The Freeman". Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  6. ^ "The Cablenews-American". Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540 USA. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  7. ^ "Cebuano Writers | Southeast Asia Digital Library". Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  8. ^ a b c d Oaminal, Clarence Paul (April 26, 2017). "Don Paulino Gullas reads President Laurel's speech | The Freeman". Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  9. ^ Journalism, Cebu; Journalists (2015-09-24). "Bias and the future of journalism". Cebu Journalism & Journalists. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  10. ^ Mojares, Resil B. "Today in the History of Cebu" (PDF). University of San Carlos. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  11. ^ "Media Museum: The Commonwealth Period". Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  12. ^ Lacamiento, Grace Melanie (February 22, 2019). "The Freeman celebrates 100th year". Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  13. ^ "Heritage celebration to honor Cebu's builders, entrepreneurs". Sunstar. 2014-05-25. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  14. ^ Oaminal, Clarence Paul (July 4, 2017). "Don Paulino Gullas and the Constitutional amendments | The Freeman". Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  15. ^ a b "ROSTER OF PHILIPPINE LEGISLATORS". House of Representatives; Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  16. ^ "Message of President Laurel before the convention of Provincial Governors, Constabulary Inspectors, Municipal Mayors and Kalibapi leaders of the Visayan provinces, April 13, 1944 | Presidential Museum and Library". Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  17. ^ Friend, Theodore. (2014). The Blue-Eyed Enemy : Japan against the West in Java and Luzon, 1942-1945. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9781400859467. OCLC 884012986.
  18. ^ "Echoes of Never Again". Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. 2016-05-02. Retrieved 2019-05-18.
  19. ^ Official Gazette, Volume 2. University of Michigan: Republic of the Philippines. 1943. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
  20. ^ Mojares, Resil B. (2015). The war in Cebu. Bersales, Jose Eleazar R. (Jose Eleazar Reynes). Talamban, Cebu City, Philippines. ISBN 9789715390705. OCLC 945648989.