Pattin (also known as Pattina, Patina, Unqu and Unqi), was an ancient Luwian Syro-Hittite state at the beginning of the 1st millennium BC. It was known to the Assyrians as Unqi and Aramaeans as Unqu.

Before 870 BC–738 BC
Pattin(a)/Unqi and its capital Kinalua among the Neo-Hittite states
Pattin(a)/Unqi and its capital Kinalua among the Neo-Hittite states
Common languagesLuwian
Luwian religion
Historical eraIron Age
• Established
Before 870 BC
• Disestablished
738 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Today part ofTurkey
Tributary procession led by Qalparunda of the Land of Unqi, detail of the throne dais of Shalmaneser III, Iraq Museum

It was located at the north-western coast of ancient Syria, associated with the modern-day Sanjak of Alexandretta. The capital of the state was Kinalua (Kunalua, Kalneh, or Kinaluwa), which has been tentatively associated with Tell Tayinat[1] in modern-day Turkey.

The state was formed in the 9th century BC towards the end of the Dark Age period, and shared a north-western border with the Syro-Hittite state of Quwê. Khazazu (modern-day Azaz) was one of Pattin's dependencies which was invaded by Assyria around 870 BC. The frontier fortress of Aribua (associated with the modern-day region of Idlib) within the land of Lukhuti to the immediate south of Pattin was also ravaged.[2][3]


  1. ^ See the Tayinat Website by the Department of Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations at the University of Toronto
  2. ^ Syria-Hittite, Pattin
  3. ^ History files:Aleppo

See alsoEdit