The pattala (Burmese: ပတ္တလား patta.la:, Burmese pronunciation: [pattəlá]; Karen: paw ku; Mon: ဗာတ် ကလာ) is a Burmese xylophone, consisting of 24 bamboo slats (called ywet / ရွက် or asan အဆံ) suspended over a boat-shaped resonating chamber. It is played with two padded mallets. The pattala is tuned similar to the diatonic scale.
|Other names||Burmese xylophone|
|Ranat ek, Roneat ek|
|Music of Myanmar|
In modern days, classical Burmese chamber music is accompanied by either the pattala or the saung (the Burmese harp), both of which are capable of performing a harmonic countermelody. The pattala is also a key instrument in the Burmese ensemble orchestra, the hsaing waing. The pattala is also prominently featured in Burmese drama, anyeint.
The earliest historical mention of the pattala is in the Kalyani Inscriptions and dates to CE 1479. The pattala is similar to other mainland Southeast Asian instruments, including the ranat ek and the Cambodian roneat ek.
The bamboo slats are typically made from the wood of giant bamboo (Dendrocalamus giganteus), which is durable and produces a stable sound. Slats are occasionally made from brass or iron. The mallets are made from hardwoods such as teak, padauk, black cutch, yindaik, or pyinkado. The resonance box is made from teak and decorated with inlaid glass or gold leaf.
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- "Musical Instruments - Xylophone (Pattala)". Union of Myanmar Ministry of Hotels and Tourism. 2006. Retrieved 31 August 2013.