|Occupation(s)||Geographer, general, author|
|Years active||c. 312 – 270 BCE|
He served Seleucus and Antiochus for several decades. After exploring the Caspian Sea, Patrocles concluded that the Caspian was a gulf or inlet that could be entered from the Indian Ocean. The only information on his work (even the title is unknown) is documented in the work of Strabo. As a military officer, Patrocles was a skilled engineer, and at one point managed to defend Babylonia for Seleucus against Demetrius Poliorcetes by flooding the irrigation canals.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Patrocles". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- The Edges of the Earth in Ancient Thought: Geography, Exploration, and Fiction Page 97 By James S. Romm ISBN 0-691-03788-4