Party of National Unity (Czechoslovakia)

The Party of National Unity (Czech: Strana národní jednoty or Strana národního sjednocení) was a party created on 21 November 1938 in the Czech part of Czechoslovakia after the occupation of large parts of the country by Germany (Munich Agreement) and Hungary (First Vienna Award) as a last attempt to unify forces to save Czechoslovakia from disappearing. Its Slovak equivalent in the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia was the Hlinka's Slovak Peoples Party - Party of Slovak National Unity created on 8 November.

Party of National Unity
Strana národní jednoty
AbbreviationSNJ
LeaderRudolf Beran
Founded22 November 1938 (1938-11-22)
Dissolved16 March 1939 (1939-03-16)
Merger ofRSZML, NSj, ČŽOS, NOF and others
Merged intoNational Partnership
HeadquartersPrague, Czechoslovakia
IdeologyNationalism[1]
Conservatism[1]
Authoritarianism
Political positionRight-wing to far-right
Colors  Blue

It included most of all previous Czech political parties - absolute majority of the Republican Party of Farmers and Peasants, National Unification, Czechoslovak Traders' Party, National Fascist Community, minor parties like National League, Czechoslovak Christian Social Party, National People's Party and part of Czechoslovak People's Party and Czechoslovak National Social Party.

Ideologically the party was corporatist and quasi-fascist. The party's chairman was the prime minister Rudolf Beran.

The party was forcibly dissolved after the creation of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in March 1939. A part of the membership created the Národní souručenství (in English approx. National Partnership), the only Czech political organization permitted by the Germans in the Protectorate.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hloušek, Vít (2016). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties. Routledge. p. 165.
  2. ^ Jaroš, Tomáš (11 January 2012). "Strana národní jednoty ve druhé republice (1938 - 1939)". e-Polis.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 16 September 2018.

See alsoEdit