Livradois-Forez Regional Natural Park

Livradois-Forez Regional Natural Park (French: Parc naturel régional Livradois-Forez) is a regional natural park located on three French department : Puy-de-Dôme, Haute-Loire and Loire. The two biggest urban areas are Thiers (19,000 inhabitants) and Ambert (11,000 inhabitants). Courpière, Billom and Vic-le-Comte have a secondary place in the territory.

Livradois-Forez Regional Natural Park
Vallée glaciaire du Fossat Forez France.jpg
Glacial valley of the Fossat
LocationPuy-de-Dôme
Haute-Loire
Loire, Auvergne
Rhône-Alpes, France
Coordinates45°36′11″N 3°33′00″E / 45.603°N 3.55°E / 45.603; 3.55Coordinates: 45°36′11″N 3°33′00″E / 45.603°N 3.55°E / 45.603; 3.55
Established1986
Governing bodyFédération des parcs naturels régionaux de France
Websitehttp://www.parc-livradois-forez.org/

PresentationEdit

 
Perimeter of the PNR.

The park is managed by several structures on a cooperation basis. There is the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, Puy-de-Dôme, Haute-Loire and Loire's departments, by 24 EPCI (French: Établissements publics de coopération intercommunale, which are Public institutions of intercommunal cooperation) and also by 164 towns certified parc naturel régional (Regional natural park). Since March 2008, Tony Bernard, Châteldon's mayor, presides the park. The certified zone of the park covers an area of 311,035 hectares. Its population is of 103 948 inhabitants.

History and creation of the parkEdit

 
Villages of the Durolle valley
  • Under the presidence[clarification needed] of Maurice Adevah-Pœuf, Thier's mayor and deputy of Puy-de-Dôme, an association for the creation of the Livradois-Forez Regional Natural Park is established in April 1982 at the suggestion of seventeen elected reunited 29 November 1981 in Brugeron.
  • In 1984 is created the management mixed union of the Livradois-Forez Park.
  • The environment ministry assigned its label in December 1985.
  • The Livradois-Forez Regional Natural Park was created on 4 February 1986 by deliberation of the Auvergne regional council.
  • Its constitutive charter was re-examined two times, so the label was assigned again in 1998 ; an extension decree of the Regional Natural Park for the next twelve years was published in Journal Officiel (French government website) on 27 July 2011. On the occasion of this latest review, five municipalities of Loire's department joined for the first time the park : Noirétable, La Chamba, La Chambonie, Jeansagnière et Lérigneux.

Its headquarters, originally in Thiers, is now located in the municipality named Saint-Gervais-sous-Meymont.

GeographyEdit

 
Vic-le-Comte - Place of the old market

Located between the old Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes regions, the park extends 110 km from north to south, in three departments (Puy-de-Dôme, Allier and Haute-Loire). It's composed of 176 municipalities gathering 103,172 inhabitants in 2014.

The high point of the park (1634m) corresponds to the high point of the Mountains of Forez and is located in Pierre-sur-Haute on the territory of Job's municipality, in Puy-de-Dôme's department (IGN 2732 E).

Some big geographic zones:

  • the valley of factories in Thiers's municipality (in the North of the park);
  • the valley of the Dore, which constitutes a sort of backbone of the park;
  • the mountains of the Forez with upland plateaus covered with highland moors called Hautes Chaumes;
  • Craponne's plateau;
  • the countries cut off from Livradois;
  • Livradois's mountains, including the high forest plateaus;
  • hills and hillsides of the county around Vic-le-Comte and Billom's region

DemographyEdit

List of the biggest cities of the park on 1 January 2015

 
Vic-le-Comte (Puy-de-Dôme)
commune number of inhabitants
Thiers 11 805  
Ambert 6 743  
Vic-le-Comte (commune associée) 5 027  
Billom 4 745  
Courpière 4 234  
Puy-Guillaume 2 704  
Peschadoires 2 120  
La Monnerie-le-Montel 1 772  
Saint-Rémy-sur-Durolle 1 757  
Celles-sur-Durolle 1 749  
Noirétable 1 611  

The park is constituted of two major cities, Thiers and Ambert. There are other urban areas but less important.

The majority of the biggest cities in the park tend to see its population decrease. Meanwhile, Thiers the biggest city of the park, increase.

FaunaEdit

We can find various raptors in the Livradois-Forez regional natural park : pigeons, hawk, circaete Jean-le-Blanc, red kite, buzzard, harrier Saint-Martin, gray buzzard, tengmalm owl, little owl, etc. The Black woodpecker and the Ring ouzel can also be seen in the park.

PublicationsEdit

Apart from its punctual participation as a supporter, editor of numerous books (historics, etc.) published by various editors of the region, the Park released a twice yearly 8 page magazine, Journal du Parc naturel régional Livradois-Forez, which contents are linked to the environment protection, social life, traditions and culture.


Films shot in the Livradois-Forez Regional NaturalEdit

Before the creation of the parcEdit

Since the creation of the parcEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

External linksEdit