Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1007

Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 1007 (also known as LXXP.Oxy.VII.1007; P.Oxy. VII 1007; P.Lond.Lit. 199; TM 61956; LDAB 3113) is a fragment of a Septuagint manuscript (LXX) written in two columns on a parchment codex. The manuscript was discovered in Oxyrhynchus, modern El-Bahnasa, Egypt. The manuscript has been palaeographically dated to the 3rd century CE.



The manuscript contains sections of the Book of Genesis (2:7-9, 2:16-19 recto; 2:23-3:1, 3:6-8 verso) written in 33 lines per column.[1] This manuscript contains the Name of God "abbreviated by doubling the initial yod, written with in the shape of a z with a horizontal line through the middle, and carried unbroken through both characters zz."[2][3] The fragment is difficult to identify as either Christian or Jewish, as on the barely legible recto side (in Gen 2:18) it contains the nomen sacrum ΘΣ (characteristic of Christian manuscripts) and the name of God written in Hebrew with a double Yodh (characteristic of Jewish manuscripts).[4]

Alan Mugridge states regarding LXXP.Oxy.VII.1007 and Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 656:

"It has been suggested that two OT papyri, listed here as Christian, are actually Jewish. In 3 [ie, P. Oxy. VII 1007] (2nd half III AD) two yodhs (...) appear for the Divine Name. A second hand wrote the Divine Name as κυριος with a different ‘pen’ from the rest of the text in 9 [ie, P. Oxy. IV 656] (II/III AD), perhaps a second writer assigned to insert the Divine Name. This is not sufficient reason, however, to conclude that these two papyri are Jewish, since Jewish strands within early Christianity existed throughout the period under review, as we noted earlier. Hence, this practice may just reflect current practice in Jewish-Christian groups, which did not fade away as early or as completely as is often thought. (...) If 3 [ie, P. Oxy. VII 1007] is a Christian papyrus – and the use of the nomen sacrum θς would seem to support this – it is the only example of an attempt to write something resembling Hebrew characters in a Christian manuscript."[5]


The manuscript was published in The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, part VII, edited and translated by Arthur S. Hunt, London, 1910, pages 1 and 2. It was catalogued with the number 907 in the list of manuscripts of the Septuagint as classified by Alfred Rahlfs, and also signed as Van Haelst 5. It is given the identification 3113 on the Leuven Database of Ancient Books.[6]

Current LocationEdit

The manuscript is located in the department of manuscripts in the British library, London (Inv. 2047).


  1. ^ Grenfell, Bernard P.; Hunt, Arthur S. (1910). The Oxyrhynchus papyri. Vol. VII. London: Egypt Exploration Fund.
  2. ^ Bruce M. Metzger (1981). Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Palaeography. Oxford University Press. p. 34. ISBN 9780195365320.
  3. ^ Waddell 1944, pp. 158.
  4. ^ Robert James Victor Hiebert; Claude E. Cox; Peter John Gentry (2001). The Old Greek Psalter: Studies in Honour of Albert Pietersma. Sheffield: Sheffield Acad. Press. p. 129. ISBN 1-84127-209-4.
  5. ^ Alan Mugridge (2016). Copying Early Christian Texts: A Study of Scribal Practice. Mohr Siebeck. p. 120. ISBN 9783161546884.
  6. ^ Larry W. Hurtado (2006). The Earliest Christian Artifacts: Manuscripts and Christian Origins. Sheffield: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co. pp. 210. ISBN 0-8028-2895-7.


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