Paninternational Flight 112
Paninternational Flight 112 was a BAC One-Eleven operated by German airline Paninternational that crashed in Hamburg on 6 September 1971 while attempting to land on an autobahn following the failure of both engines. The accident killed 22 passengers and crew out of 121 on board.
|Date||6 September 1971|
|Summary||Dual engine failure due to overheating after accidentally filling the water injection mechanism with jet fuel|
|Aircraft type||BAC One-Eleven|
|Flight origin||Hamburg Airport, Hamburg, Germany|
|Destination||Málaga Airport, Málaga, Spain|
The aircraft, registered as D-ALAR, had its first flight the year before the accident.
Paninternational Flight 112 took off from Hamburg Airport in Hamburg, Germany, on a flight to Málaga Airport in Málaga, Spain, with 115 passengers and six crew on board. After the take-off, both engines failed and the pilots decided to make an emergency landing on a highway – Bundesautobahn 7 (also part of European route E45) – about 4.5 km (3 mi; 2 nmi) from Hamburg Airport. During the landing the aircraft deflected to the left and collided with an overpass and multiple concrete pillars, causing the right wing, cockpit, and T-tail to shear off. The rest of the fuselage broke up and skidded to a halt; subsequently catching fire. The accident killed twenty-one passengers and one crew member.
Cause of the crashEdit
Subsequent investigation showed that the tank for the water-injection engine thrust-augmentation system (used during take-off) had inadvertently been filled with jet fuel instead of water. Spraying this additional jet fuel into the engines during take-off significantly increased the engine rpm and quickly caused both engines to overheat and fail, resulting in the crash.
- Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident BAC One-Eleven 515FB D-ALAR Hamburg-Fuhlsbüttel Airport (HAM)". aviation-safety.net. Aviation Safety Network.
- "Autobahnatlas.de information for A7". www.autobahnatlas-online.de (in German). Retrieved 29 May 2010.