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Pangaea is a live album by American jazz trumpeter, composer, and bandleader Miles Davis. It was originally released as a double album in 1976 by CBS Sony in Japan.

Pangaea
DavisPangaea.jpg
Live album by
Released1976
RecordedFebruary 1, 1975
VenueFestival Hall in Osaka
Genre
Length88:38
LabelCBS Sony
ProducerTeo Macero
Miles Davis chronology
Agharta
(1975)
Pangaea
(1976)
Water Babies
(1976)

Recorded during Davis' electric period, the album captures the second of two concerts he performed on February 1, 1975, at Osaka's Festival Hall. As with the first concert (captured on the 1975 album Agharta), Davis led a band featuring guitarists Pete Cosey and Reggie Lucas, saxophonist Sonny Fortune, bassist Michael Henderson, drummer Al Foster, and percussionist James Mtume.

Contents

Composition and performanceEdit

Both Pangaea and its predecessor Agharta were recorded on February 1, 1975, in Osaka, Japan, at the Festival Hall. The Agharta concert took place during an afternoon matinee, whereas Pangaea was recorded in the evening.[3] This album's music was split into two tracks, "Zimbabwe" and "Gondwana", the latter of which was the name of the ancient supercontinent, as was "Pangaea".[4] According to music scholar Enrico Merlin, the two tracks contain performances of the segments originally developed by Davis under the titles "Moja", "Willie Nelson on Tune in 5", "Nne", "Zimbabwe", "Ife", and "Wili (= for Dave)", performed in that order.[5]

ReleaseEdit

The album was first released exclusively in Japan by CBS Sony in 1976. It did not see release anywhere else until 1991;[6] in May of that year, Columbia Records released Pangaea on CD in the United States, as part of the label's Columbia Jazz Contemporary Masters reissue program.[7]

Critical receptionEdit

Retrospective professional reviews
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [2]
Christgau's Consumer Guide  [8]
Down Beat     [9]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music     [10]
The Great Rock Discography6/10[11]
Los Angeles Times    [12]
MusicHound Jazz5/5[13]
The Penguin Guide to Jazz    [4]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide     [14]

In The Village Voice, Robert Christgau gave Pangaea's 1991 CD reissue an honorable mention, citing "Zimbabwe" as the highlight while lamenting the flute playing and scant track listing.[15] Davis biographer Jack Chambers found the performance "vastly" inferior to Agharta,[16] as did Paul Tingen, who lamented Davis' reduced presence and role directing his band. Tingen also observed "a sense of tiredness and drift", which he attributed to the septet having played the first concert earlier that day: "There are several extended periods during which the band just plays out the grooves, waiting for Miles to give the next cue."[17] In the Los Angeles Times, Bill Kohlhaase called Pangaea "a striking personal soundtrack of decline that, like Miles himself, suffers from exhaustion before playing itself out".[12]

AllMusic's Thom Jurek was more enthusiastic. Although he found the band less impressive here than on Agharta, Jurek said some individual members stood out more on Pangaea, which he found just "as relentless" and "plenty satisfying".[2] J. D. Considine rated it half-a-star higher than Agharta in The Rolling Stone Album Guide.[14] In The Penguin Guide to Jazz, Richard Cook and Brian Morton wrote that like its predecessor, Pangaea's lengthy performances combined musical forms from African-American genres with Karlheinz Stockhausen's "conception of a 'world music' that moves like creeping tectonic plates".[4] At the end of 1991, Pangaea was voted the ninth best reissue of the year in the Pazz & Jop, an annual poll of American critics published in The Village Voice.[18]

InfluenceEdit

As with several other of Davis' live albums from the period, Pangaea became an influence on several no wave and funk artists.[19] Highbrow new wave and punk rock musicians, including Tom Verlaine of Television and Robert Quine, were also influenced by the album after managing to obtain copies as an import from Japan.[20]

Track listingEdit

1976 LPEdit

Side one
No.TitleLength
1."Zimbabwe" (Part 1)20:25
Side two
No.TitleLength
1."Zimbabwe" (Part 2)21:13
Side three
No.TitleLength
1."Gondwana" (Part 1)23:23
Side four
No.TitleLength
1."Gondwana" (Part 2)23:57

1991 CDEdit

Disc one
No.TitleLength
1."Zimbabwe"41:48
Disc two
No.TitleLength
1."Gondwana"46:50
  • "Gondwana" runs a length of 49:46 on the album's 2000 Japanese reissue.

PersonnelEdit

MusiciansEdit

ProductionEdit

  • Producer – Teo Macero
  • Director – Keiichi Nakamura
  • Engineer – Tamoo Suzuki
  • Assistant Engineer – Mitsuru Kasai, Takaaki Amano
  • Package Coordination – Tony Tiller

ReferencesEdit

Footnotes

  1. ^ Stafford, Andrew (2006). Pig City: From the Saints to Savage Garden. University of Queensland Press. ISBN 070223561X. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "Pangaea – Miles Davis". Allmusic. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
  3. ^ Tingen 2001, p. 165.
  4. ^ a b c Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2006). The Penguin Guide to Jazz (8th ed.). Penguin Books. p. 326. ISBN 0141023279.
  5. ^ Tingen 2001, p. 329.
  6. ^ Chambers 1998, pp. 275.
  7. ^ Anon. (1995). "D". Schwann Spectrum. 7 (1): 240.
  8. ^ Christgau, Robert (2000). Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. Macmillan Publishers. p. 73. ISBN 0-312-24560-2.
  9. ^ Alkyer, Frank; Enright, Ed; Koransky, Jason, eds. (2007). The Miles Davis Reader. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 306. ISBN 142343076X.
  10. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). "Miles Davis". Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. ISBN 0857125958.
  11. ^ Strong, Martin C. (2004). "Miles Davis". The Great Rock Discography (7th ed.). Canongate U.S. ISBN 1841956155.
  12. ^ a b Kohlhaase, Bill (March 17, 1991). "Jazz : Album Review: *** Miles Davis : 'Pangaea' : Columbia". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  13. ^ Holtje, Steve; Lee, Nancy Ann, eds. (1998). "Miles Davis". MusicHound Jazz: The Essential Album Guide. Music Sales Corporation. ISBN 0825672538.
  14. ^ a b Considine, J. D. (2004). "Miles Davis". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. p. 215. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  15. ^ Christgau, Robert (November 5, 1991). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
  16. ^ Chambers, Jack (1998). Milestones: The Life and Times of Miles Davis. Da Capo Press. p. 275. ISBN 0-306-80849-8.
  17. ^ Tingen 2001, p. 165-166.
  18. ^ "Pazz & Jop 1990". The Village Voice. New York. March 5, 1991. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  19. ^ Pareles, Jon (September 29, 1991). "Miles Davis, Trumpeter, Dies; Jazz Genius, 65, Defined Cool". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2012.
  20. ^ Palmer, Robert (1985). "Miles Davis Revives His Bad-Guy Image with a Pop Album". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 11, 2013. Retrieved November 28, 2016.

Bibliography

External linksEdit