Pamunkey Indian Reservation

The Pamunkey Indian Reservation is a Native American reservation located in King William, Virginia, United States. This reservation lies along the Pamunkey River in King William County, Virginia on the Middle Peninsula. It contains approximately 1,200 acres (4.8 km2) of land, 500 acres (2 km2) of which is wetlands with numerous creeks. Thirty-four families reside on this reservation and many Tribal members live in nearby Richmond, Newport News, and other parts of Virginia.

Pamunkey Indian Reservation, Virginia
Replica cabin near the reservation entrance
Replica cabin near the reservation entrance
Official seal of Pamunkey Indian Reservation, Virginia
Pamunkey is located in Virginia
Pamunkey
Pamunkey
Location within the Commonwealth of Virginia
Pamunkey is located in the United States
Pamunkey
Pamunkey
Pamunkey (the United States)
Coordinates: 37°34′29″N 77°0′5″W / 37.57472°N 77.00139°W / 37.57472; -77.00139Coordinates: 37°34′29″N 77°0′5″W / 37.57472°N 77.00139°W / 37.57472; -77.00139
CountryUnited States
StateVirginia
CountyKing William
Established1658
Government
 • ChiefRobert Gray [1]
Area
 • Total1.9 sq mi (4.8 km2)
 • Land1.1 sq mi (2.8 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total80
 • Density42.1/sq mi (16.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
23806
Area code(s)804
Websitewww.pamunkey.net
Pamunkey Indian Reservation Archaeological District
Pamunkey Indian Reservation is located in Virginia
Pamunkey Indian Reservation
Pamunkey Indian Reservation is located in the United States
Pamunkey Indian Reservation
Nearest cityLanesville, Virginia
Area1,700 acres (690 ha)
NRHP reference No.82004567[2]
Added to NRHPSeptember 16, 1982

HistoryEdit

 
Theodora Octavia Dennis Cook, Pamunkey Powhatan, ca. 1864-ca. 1935. Mrs. Cook is wearing a traditional turkey feather neck ornament, now in the collections of NMAI.[3]

It was confirmed to the Pamunkey tribe as early as 1658 by the Governor, the council, and the General Assembly of Virginia. The treaty of 1677 between the King of England, acting through the Governor of Virginia, and several Native American tribes including the Pamunkey is the most important existing document describing Virginia's relationship towards Indian land. The Pamunkey tribe early ancestors had locations as far north as the Middle Peninsula of Virginia and as far south as South Hampton Roads in Virginia. A burial mound, reported to contain the remains of Chief Powhatan, father of Matoaka (better known to historians as Pocahontas), is also located on this Reservation next to railroad tracks. His brother Opechancanough relocated his remains here. He is also buried here.

ReferencesEdit

  • Virginia's First People: Past and Present, virginiaindians.pwnet.org
  1. ^ "Contact". Archived from the original on 30 September 2016. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  2. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  3. ^ Anonymous (23 November 2009). "Telling the Story: Illuminating Native Heritage through Photography". Retrieved 22 September 2016.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Pamunkey Indian Reservation at Wikimedia Commons