Pak Phayun District

Pak Phayun (Thai: ปากพะยูน, pronounced [pàːk pʰā.jūːn]) is a district (amphoe) of Phatthalung Province, southern Thailand.

Pak Phayun

ปากพะยูน
District location in Phatthalung Province
District location in Phatthalung Province
Coordinates: 7°20′30″N 100°19′0″E / 7.34167°N 100.31667°E / 7.34167; 100.31667Coordinates: 7°20′30″N 100°19′0″E / 7.34167°N 100.31667°E / 7.34167; 100.31667
CountryThailand
ProvincePhatthalung
SeatPak Phayun
Area
 • Total433.3 km2 (167.3 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total50,052
 • Density115.3/km2 (299/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code93120
Geocode9306

GeographyEdit

Neighboring districts are (from the west clockwise) Pa Bon and Bang Kaeo of Phatthalung Province, Krasae Sin, Sathing Phra, Singhanakhon, and Khuan Niang of Songkhla Province.

To the east of the district is the Thale Luang lake, which through a narrow strait opens into Songkhla Lake south of the district.

HistoryEdit

The district was established in 1896 as part of the thesaphiban administrative reforms, originally subdivided into 17 tambons.

In 1903 it was renamed from Taksin (ทักษิณ, meaning 'south') to Pak Phayun.[1]

EconomyEdit

The gathering of edible bird's nests is a significant contributor to the local economy. The state auctions off concessions to private firms for the right to collect bird's nests, largely in Ko Mak Sub-district. The province earned 450 million baht in the latest five-year concession auction for nests harvested from caves, primarily on Ko Rangnok ('Bird's Nest Island'), down from the 100 million baht a year earned in previous auctions. In decline also was the quantity of edible nests collected in Ko Mak. In 2017, 3.46 tonnes of nests were gathered, dropping from 3.6 tonnes in 2016.[2] Bird's nests taken from the caves in Ko Mak can fetch 120,000 baht per kilogram, and when exported to China the price can reach one million baht per kilogram.[2]

AdministrationEdit

The district is divided into seven sub-districts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 63 villages (mubans). Pak Phayun is a sub-district municipality (thesaban tambon) which covers parts of tambon Pak Phayun. There are a further seven tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai Villages Pop.[3]
1. Pak Phayun ปากพะยูน 06 08,609
2. Don Pradu ดอนประดู่ 11 06,416
3. Ko Nang Kham เกาะนางคำ 09 05,503
4. Ko Mak เกาะหมาก 11 07,029
5. Falami ฝาละมี 11 10,613
6. Han Thao หารเทา 09 09,506
7. Don Sai ดอนทราย 06 02,376

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ แจ้งความกระทรวงมหาดไทย (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 19 (52): 1010. 1903-03-15.
  2. ^ a b Panyaarvudh, Jintana (11 October 2018). "An economic nesting ground". The Nation. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Population statistics 2008". Department of Provincial Administration. Archived from the original on 2009-08-20.

External linksEdit