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P K Rosy (Rajamma, Rosamma, Rajammal),[2] a Dalit (according to Vinu Abraham a Christian) woman, was the first heroine of the first Malayalam language movie Vigathakumaran (The Lost Child), directed by J.C. Daniel.[3][4][5] She played the character of a Christian Nair woman "Sarojini" in the movie.[2]

P. K. Rosy
PK Rosy.jpg
P K Rosy in 1928
Born 1903[1]
Thycaud, Trivandrum
Died 1988[1]
Occupation Actor
Years active 1928–1930
Spouse(s) Kesava Pillai[1]
Children Padma, Nagappan[1]
Parent(s) Poulose, Kunji[1]

Well before she was "discovered" in 1928 by the director J.C Daniel she was already an experienced actor, skilled in a form of Tamil Dalit theatre called Kaakarashi.[6] However, Dalits in Indian society have been historically ostracized from "mainstream" professions, relegated to the most degrading occupations and deemed spiritually polluting to touch.[7] When Vigathukumaran was released, members of the feudal Nair community were enraged to see a Dalit woman portray a Nair woman. Many eminent members of the film industry at the time refused to come and inaugurate the opening of Vigathakumaran if Rosy was to be physically present there. The director, Daniel himself didn't invite her to the opening at Capitol theatre in Thiruvananthapuram, fearing backlash. But Rosy had attended anyway.[8]

Amidst this tense atmosphere, the crowd finally hit their breaking point when one scene in the film showed her lover kissing a flower she wore in her hair. It was unthinkable that an untouchable woman could be touched publicly. Enraged, the largely feudal caste audience began to riot and vandalize the theatre, tear down the movie screens and proceeded to hunt down Rosy for the next three days. In the ensuing violence, they burned down her house. Rosy still managed to escape the angry crowd.[9]

Reports state that she fled in a lorry that was headed to Tamil Nadu, married the lorry driver, Kesavan Pillai and lived her life quietly in Tamil Nadu as "Rajammal".[10] During her lifetime, Rosy was never publicly acknowledged as a historic and pioneering actress of her time.

Today, the Kerala government plans to undo some of the wrongs, revive her memories, and honour her work by instating a film award sponsored by the state government in her name.

In 2013, Kamal directed a biopic on J.C. Daniel, titled Celluloid. The film is partially based on the novel Nashta Naayika by Vinu Abraham, also deals with the life of Rosy, the lead actress in Vigathakumaran. Newcomer Chandni Geetha portrays Rosy.[11]. Members of her family disputed the films assertion she was a Christian. Two other films about her life have also been made including The Lost Child and Ithu Rosiyude Katha (This is Rosy’s Story).[12][8]


She was born to Paulose and Kunji, as Rosamma, in 1903 at Nandankode, Trivandrum to a Pulaya family. Her living relatives confirm her father passed away when she was very young leaving her family steeped in poverty. Her younger years were spent as a grass-cutter. But they also remember her incredible affinity towards the arts from when she was very young. The Lost Child, recalls how Rosy used to love acting in plays and rehearsing at the kalari school.[12]

During those days, acting was often not a woman's work and women who considered acting as a serious profession were labeled licentious or "loose". Rosy's love for acting seems to have surpassed concerns she may have held for what society would call her.[9]

Rosy's courage as the first woman and the first Dalit woman actress in South India stands.[original research?]


  1. ^ a b c d e P K Rosy & the History Behind
  2. ^ a b Sebastian, Meryl Mary (June 2013). "The Name of the Rose". TBIP. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Rowena, Jenny (24 February 2013). "Locating P K Rosy: Can A Dalit Woman a Nair Role in Malayalam Cinema Today?". Round Table India. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  6. ^ "Locating P K Rosy: Can A Dalit Woman Play a Nair Role in Malayalam Cinema Today?". Savari. Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  7. ^ "Who are Dalits? & What is Untouchability? — ADRF Documents". Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  8. ^ a b "The Name of the Rose | The Big Indian Picture". Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  9. ^ a b Pillai, Meena T. "The daughters of P.K. Rosy". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-06-05. 
  10. ^ Hariprasad R (2012-10-09), Rosiyude Kadha - Part 2 (The story of first Heroine of Malayalam Film Industry), retrieved 2017-06-05 
  11. ^ Manalethu, Biju Cheriyan (22 January 2016). "Chandini Geetha - Film Actress, Singer". Cinetrooth. Retrieved 20 May 2017. 
  12. ^ a b Hariprasad R (2012-10-09), Rosiyude Kadha - Part 1 (The story of first Heroine of Malayalam Film Industry), retrieved 2017-06-05 

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