PFC Litex Lovech
Litex (Bulgarian: Литекс) is a Bulgarian professional association football club from the town of Lovech, which currently competes in the Second League. The club was founded in 1921 as Hisarya Football Club.
|Full name||Professional Football Club Litex Lovech|
|Nickname(s)||Оранжевите (The Oranges)|
as Hisarya Sports Club
|Ground||Gradski Stadion, Lovech, Bulgaria|
|Owner||Litex Commerce JSC|
|2018–19||Second League, 5th|
The club's home ground is the Lovech Stadium, which has a capacity of 8,100 seats, electric floodlights and permission to stage European matches. As one of the successful Bulgarian clubs outside the capital Sofia, Litex have won the domestic championship four times and the Bulgarian Cup on four different occasions. Together with CSKA Sofia and Levski Sofia, Litex was also the third football club to represent the country regularly in the European Club Association.
The club was founded in 1921 as Hisarya and began playing league football two years later, in 1923. Over the years, the club has changed its name several times. From 1957 it was named Karpachev, before becoming Osam in 1979. Under that name the club played constantly in the B Group, the second division of Bulgarian football and was near to promotion several times. A notable player during this period was Plamen Linkov, who broke the club's appearance record, playing 575 matches and scoring 167 goals respectively.
In 1990, after Bulgaria's transition to market economy, privately owned company LEX became the main sponsor of the club. During the same year, the new owners changed the name of the football club to LEX. The 1993–94 B Group proved to be impressive for the club, as the team finished first in the second division and qualified for the A Group, a notable milestone never done before in the club's history. LEX's debut season in the A Group was also noteworthy, as the team ranked 11th at the end of the season. The next season however proved to be unsuccessful and the club, renamed Lovech, was relegated to the B Group.
Grisha Ganchev ownership (1996–2016)Edit
In June 1996, the club was purchased by Grisha Ganchev, petrol businessman and a citizen of Lovech, and it was renamed to Litex. The takeover was immediately followed by a flurry of bids for high-profile players. Ferario Spasov was named as the new Litex coach. He led the club back to the A Group at their first attempt. During the 1996–97 season Litex also reached the quarter-finals of the Bulgarian Cup and the final of the Bulgarian League Cup, which was lost after a penalty shoot-out.
In 1997, Litex was promoted for the second time to the top division and immediately became Bulgarian champions, finishing the season 5 points ahead of the second-placed Levski Sofia, unprecedented before in the Bulgarian football history. The striker of the team Dimcho Belyakov also became top goalscorer with his 21 goals contributed during the season. In addition, midfielder Stoycho Stoilov received the Best Player of the League award. The club's first participation in the European club tournaments was also promising, with Litex eliminating Swedish club Halmstads BK after 4–3 on both ties and reaching the second qualifying round, where it was knocked out by the Russian powerhouse Spartak Moscow.
A year later Litex successfully defended their league title, losing only two league games during the course of the season. They became the first provincial club to win back-to-back league titles since the 1920s. During their campaign, Litex also inflicted the biggest defeat in CSKA Sofia's history, an 8-0 thrashing at the Lovech Stadium.
During the first decade of the 21st century, Litex won the Bulgarian Cup four times—in 2001 after defeating Velbazhd Kyustendil 1–0 in extra time, in 2004 against CSKA after a penalty shoot-out, in 2008 after a 1–0 win over Cherno More Varna, and in 2009, after a 3–0 thrashing over Pirin Blagoevgrad. In early August 2007, Litex signed a three-year sponsorship and advertising contract with Bulgarian mobile operator GLOBUL and started the 2007–08 season with the logo of the mobile service i-mode on the team's kits. In December 2007, Litex became the first Bulgarian club to have a branded mobile phone game, Litex Football. Before the start of the 2008–09 season, Litex lost the Bulgarian Supercup final with 0-1 from CSKA Sofia after a goal from Kiril Kotev in the 65th minute. A season later, Litex again failed to win the Bulgarian Supercup final, this time against domestic title holders Levski Sofia.
In 2009–10, Litex became champions of Bulgaria for the third time in their history, finishing the season with 12 points advantage than the runners-up CSKA Sofia. On August 12, 2010, Litex defeated Beroe 2–1 to finally secure the Bulgarian Supercup, the last possible remaining domestic trophy never won before by the club. In 2010–11 Litex retained their fourth league title, securing the championship after a 3–1 away win against Lokomotiv Sofia on May 21, 2011.
Expulsion and new beginning (2015–present)Edit
In the summer of 2015, Grisha Ganchev stepped down from his position as an owner, only to reallocate his main investments to Bulgarian football club CSKA Sofia, which was struggling financially with unpaid debts during the time. As a result, his son Danail took over at Litex, with previous shareholder Bulgarian joint stock company Sport 96 remaining in the club as a subsidiary of Litex Commerce JSC.
On December 16, 2015, the Bulgarian Football Union expelled Litex Lovech from the A Group. The decision was taken in response to an incident that occurred during Litex Lovech's December 12 tie with Levski Sofia, when chairman Stoycho Stoilov controversially pulled the squad off the field in protest of 2 players being sent off at a score of 1–0 for the Lovech club. On January 20, 2016 the team was administratively relegated to the B Group for the upcoming 2016–17 season. Litex's players however were allowed to complete their participation in the Bulgarian Cup and could finish the 2015–16 season with the club's reserve squad, Litex Lovech II, playing in the B Group.
On 27 May 2016, the legal firm that represented PFC Chavdar Etropole - "PFC Chavdar EAD" was renamed to "PFC CSKA-1948 AD". On 6 June 2016 the legal firm that represented PFC Litex Lovech—"PFC Litex-Lovech AD"—was renamed to "PFC CSKA-Sofia EAD", with "PFC CSKA-1948 AD" being written in as its owner. That legal firm later applied to take part and was accepted into the reformed First League, as PFC CSKA Sofia. The shift was made because the old legal firm that represented PFC CSKA Sofia - "PFC CSKA AD" did not gain a professional license, and later went bankrupted and ceased operations as of September 9, 2016. PFC Litex Lovech later started playing in the Third League, taking the place of FC Botev Lukovit.
On July 4, 2016, former Litex player Zhivko Zhelev was appointed as a manager of a team, consisting mainly of academy players. The renewed Litex team started the new season and managed to win its first official match. The squad also played in the 2016–17 Bulgarian Cup, eliminating First League outfits of Slavia Sofia and Cherno More on their way to the semifinals, where Litex lost to reigning 5-time champions Ludogorets Razgrad on an aggregate score of 0–11. Litex also was promoted to the Second League, after winning the North-West Group of the Third League.
Recent league statisticsEdit
|2009–10||A Group||1||22||4||4||59||17||70||Third round|
|2015–16||A Group||10||0 (8)||0 (9)||0 (3)||0 (29)||0 (19)||0 (33)||Semifinals|
|2016–17||Third League (III)||1||25||2||1||114||9||77||Semifinals|
|2017–18||Second League (II)||10||10||9||11||26||26||39||Quarterfinals|
|2018–19||Second League (II)||5||12||9||9||43||26||45||Round of 32|
|Green marks a season followed by promotion, red a season followed by relegation.|
Litex Lovech's home ground is the Lovech Stadium, a football stadium in Lovech. Built in 1962, the ground underwent a total reconstruction in 1999 and was brought to a suitable standard to host international matches later that year. The stadium has a capacity of 8,000 seating places with pitch dimensions of 105 to 68 meters. The venue's record attendance of 12,500 was achieved during a domestic league match against Levski Sofia on April 19, 1998. The record attendance in the European club competitions was achieved against English club Aston Villa on September 18, 2008, when around 8,000 spectators supported the team.
In the summer of 2010, a massive reconstruction of the venue started. New side stands with roof covers were built and the media sectors were expanded in order to meet the UEFA guidelines for Champions League matches. On July 12, 2010, the stadium was awarded with a Category 3 ranking by UEFA. The reconstructions continued in the summer of 2011, when the main stand of the stadium was completed.
- First League:
- Second League:
- Bulgarian Cup:
- Cup of Bulgarian Amateur Football League:
- Semi-finals (1): 2017
|UEFA Champions League||4||16||8||1||7||29||28||+ 1|
|UEFA Europa League||13||56||23||12||21||76||60||+ 16|
As of 1 February 2020
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
Had international caps for their respective countries, or held any club record. Players whose name is listed in bold represented their countries.
Note: For a complete list of Litex Lovech players, see Category:PFC Litex Lovech players.
This is a list of the recent Litex Lovech managers:
|Stoycho Mladenov||June 2004||Nov 2004|
|Itzhak Shum||Nov 15, 2004||May 2005|
|Ljupko Petrović||July 1, 2005||June 12, 2007||1 Bulgarian Cup|
|Ferario Spasov||June 2007||Nov 2007|
|Miodrag Ješić||Nov 2007||May 2008||1 Bulgarian Cup|
|Stanimir Stoilov||June 1, 2008||Aug 28, 2009||1 Bulgarian Cup|
|Angel Chervenkov||Sept 1, 2009||Aug 5, 2010||1 Bulgarian A PFG|
|Petko Petkov (interim)||Aug 5, 2010||Sept 1, 2010||1 Bulgarian Supercup|
|Lyuboslav Penev||Sept 2, 2010||Oct 24, 2011||1 Bulgarian A PFG|
|Atanas Dzhambazki||Oct 24, 2011||Dec 31, 2011|
|Hristo Stoichkov||Jan 5, 2012||June 5, 2013|
|Zlatomir Zagorčić||July 1, 2013||March 31, 2014|
|Miodrag Ješić||March 31, 2014||May 25, 2014|
|Krasimir Balakov||May 26, 2014||July 10, 2015|
|Ljupko Petrović (interim)||July 10, 2015||August 5, 2015|
|Laurențiu Reghecampf||August 6, 2015||December 3, 2015|
|Ljupko Petrović||December 3, 2015||January 3, 2016|
|Lyuboslav Penev||January 22, 2016||June 2, 2016|
|Zhivko Zhelev||July 4, 2016||Present|
Most appearances for the club
Most goals for the club
First professional league top scorer with the club
Notes: Last update 16 May 2010
All-time top scorers in A PFGEdit
- Updated 13 December 2014
|Rank||Name||Goals scores||Games played||Assists||Goals per game||Years played|
|1||Svetoslav Todorov||56||127||22||0.44||1997–01, 2009–12|
|2||Stefan Yurukov||55||113||11||0.49||1996–97, 1998–02, 2003–04|
|5||Dimcho Beliakov||35||67||11||0.52||1994–97, 1998–99, 2004|
|8||Zoran Janković||29||64||17||0.45||2000–02, 2004, 2007–08|
- "Litex claim third Bulgarian Cup". UEFA.com. Retrieved 14 May 2008.
- "Stoilov guides Litex to cup glory". UEFA.com. Retrieved 26 May 2009.
- "Litex can party like it is 1999". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- "Litex retain Bulgarian crown". UEFA.com. Retrieved 21 May 2011.
- "Litex thrown out of Bulgarian league". BBC. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- "Bulgarian champions may quit league". BBC. Retrieved 16 December 2015.
- Бизнесмен от Смолян е с 38 100 акции в новия ЦСКА
- "First Division Clubs in Europe" (PDF). uefa.com. UEFA. p. 21. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
- Литекс сформира нов отбор, назначи треньор
- ""Литекс" отстрани "Славия" и стигна 1/8-финалите за Купата на България" (in Bulgarian). dnevnik. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
- "Reghecampf becomes Litex's third coach this season". Daily Mail. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
- Ваюши и Десподов от Литекс влязоха в историята Football24.bg, August 13, 2013
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to PFC Litex Lovech.|
- Official websites
- Supporters website
- Information and statistics