P. Lankesh

Palya Lankesh (8 March 1935 – 25 January 2000) was an Indian poet, fiction writer, playwright, translator, screenplay writer and journalist who wrote in the Kannada language. He was also an award-winning film director.

P. Lankesh
P.LankeshImg.jpg
Born
Palyada Lankeshappa

(1935-03-08)8 March 1935
Kongavalli, British India (now Shimoga district, Karnataka, India)
Died25 January 2000(2000-01-25) (aged 64)
Bangalore, Karnataka, India
NationalityIndian
OccupationWriter, editor, filmmaker, poet, playwright, teacher
Notable work
Kereya Nerannu Kerege Chelli (1960)
Mussanjeya Katha Prasanga (1978)
Kallu Karaguva Samaya (1990)
Spouse(s)Indira Lankesh
ChildrenGauri Lankesh, Kavitha Lankesh, Indrajit Lankesh
AwardsNational Film Award for Best Direction: 1976
Sahitya Akademi Award: 1993

Early life and careerEdit

Lankesh was born in the small village of Konagavalli in Shimoga, Karnataka. After graduating with an honours degree in English from Central College at Bengaluru, Lankesh completed his Master of Arts degree in English from Maharaja's College, Mysore.[1][2]

His 1976 film Pallavi—a cinematic narration, told from the female protagonist's point of view and based on his novel Biruku—won the National Award for Best Direction (Swarna Kamal).[3] Lankesh quit his job as an assistant professor in English at Bangalore University in 1980 and started Lankesh Patrike, the first Kannada tabloid, which influenced Kannada culture and politics.[4]

Lankesh's first work was the collection of short stories Kereya Neeranu Kerege Chelli (1963). His other works include the novels Biruku ("The Fissure"), Mussanjeya Kathaprasanga (A Story at Dusk), Akka (Sister); the plays T. Prasannana Grihastashrama ("The Householder-hood of T.Prasanna"),[5] Sankranti ("Revolution"),[6][7] Nanna Tangigondu Gandu Kodi ("A Groom for my Sister")[8][9] and Gunamukha ("Convalescence"); the short story collections, Umapatiya Scholarship Yatre ("Umapati's Scholarship Trip"), Kallu Karaguva Samaya (When the Stone Melts; winner of the 1993 Sahitya Akademi Award), Paapada Hoogalu, the translation of Charles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du Mal and Dore Oedipus mattu Antigone, translation of Sophocles' Antigone and Oedipus Rex.[10]

Lankesh PatrikeEdit

Lankesh was the Editor of Lankesh Patrike from 1980 until his death in 2000.[11] A socialist and Lohiaite, he was known for his secular, anti-caste and anti-Hindutva views.[12] Before starting Lankesh Patrike, he and friends Tejaswi and K.Ramadas had toured the length and breadth of Karnataka, mobilising people to vote for their new socialist party Karnataka Pragatiranga Vedike[13] This trip, he recounted in one of his editorials, which took him to the remotest parts of Karnataka opened his eyes to the plight of the poor, the Dalits and the Muslims and made him realise his responsibility as a writer and an intellectual towards the society.[14] After his death Lankesh Patrike was split into two, one edited by his daughter Gauri Lankesh and the other managed by his son Indrajit Lankesh.[15] Lankesh's other daughter is the film director Kavita Lankesh.[16]Lankesh Patrike, as the first Kannada tabloid, had a huge impact on Karnataka politics and culture. It led to the setting up of other tabloids like Hai Bangalore and Agni which concentrated more on crime and political scandals.[17]

DeathEdit

Lankesh died of a heart attack on 25 January 2000, aged 64.[18]

AwardsEdit

  • National Award for Best Direction for Pallavi. (1976)
  • Sahitya Akademi Award for Kallu Karaguva Samaya Mattu Ithara Kathegalu (1993).
  • Karnataka Sahitya Akademi Honorary Award (1986).
  • B.H. Shridhara Prashasti.
  • Karnataka Rajya Nataka Akademi Prashasti.
  • Aryabhata Sahitya Prashasti.

Bibliography[19]Edit

Only two of his books are available in English translation, When Stone Melts and Other Stories (translation of Kallu Karaguva Samaya) [20] and Sankranti.[21] His works have also been translated into Tamil and Hindi.

Collection of Short StoriesEdit

  • Kereya Nirannu Kerege Chelli Mattu Ithara Kathegalu (1963).
  • Nanalla Mattu Ithara Kathegalu (1970).
  • Umapathiya Scholarship Yatre Mattu Ithara Kathegalu (1973).
  • Kallu Karaguva Samaya Mattu Ithara Kathegalu (1990) (Sahitya Akademi Award for 1993).
  • Ullanghane Mattu Ithara Kathegalu" (1996).
  • Manju Kavida Sanje Mattu Ithara Kathegalu (2001).

NovelsEdit

  • Biruku (1967).
  • Mussanjeya Katha Prasanga (1978).
  • Akka (1991).

PlaysEdit

  • T. Prasannana Gruhasthashrama (1962).
  • Nanna Thangigondu Gandu Kodi (1963).
  • Polisariddare, Eccharike! (1964).
  • Teregalu (1964).
  • Kranti Bantu, Karanti (1965).
  • Giliyu Panjaradolilla (1966).
  • Siddhate (1970).
  • Biruku (1973).
  • Sankranti (1971).
  • Gunamukha (1993).

Translated PlaysEdit

Collection of PoemsEdit

  • Bichchu (1965).
  • Talemaaru (1973).
  • Akshara Hosa Kavya (Collected and Edited) (1970).
  • Chitra Samooha (1999) [Collection of Complete Poems].

AutobiographyEdit

  • Hulimavina Mara (1997).

Critical and other essay collectionsEdit

  • Prasthutha (1970).
  • Kandaddu Kanda Haage (1975).
  • Teeke-Tippani, volumes 1 and 2 (1997).
  • Teeke-Tippani, volume 3 (1998).

Posthumous publicationsEdit

  • Neelu Kavya (vols 1, 2, and 3) (2007, 2009, 2010).
  • Sahiti Sahitya Vimarshe (2008).
  • Mareyuva munna collected vol 1 (2009).
  • Mareyuva munna collected vol 2 (2010).
  • "Bittu Hoda Putagalu - 1".
  • "Bittu Hoda Putagalu - 2".
  • "Bittu Hoda Putagalu - 3".

Filmography[22]Edit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Down memory lane". The Hindu. 16 March 2007. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  2. ^ Manake Karanjiya Sparsha. Compiled by Gauri Lankesh.Lankesh Prakashana.Bengaluru(2010) page i
  3. ^ "Elitist double standards?". India Today. 15 September 1977. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  4. ^ Manake Karanjiya Sparsha. Compiled by Gauri Lankesh. Lankesh Prakashana.Bengaluru(2010) page i
  5. ^ Dutta, Amaresh (1988). Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature, Volume 2. Sahitya Akademi. p. 1244. ISBN 9788126011940. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  6. ^ "Lankesh's works hailed". The Hindu. 20 June 2006. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  7. ^ "Lasting innovations". The Hindu. 26 August 2006. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  8. ^ "Found in Translation". The Hindu. 4 November 2006. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Theatre festival". The Hindu. 21 October 2006. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  10. ^ Mahadevan-Dasgupta, Uma (30 January 2005). "Moments of epiphany". The Hindu. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  11. ^ S, Bageshree (29 September 2017). "Indomitable spirit". Frontline. The Hindu Group. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  12. ^ Kondajji, Mohan Kumar (24 September 2017). "Remembering Lankesh, Gauri, and 'Lankesh Patrike'". bfirst.in. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  13. ^ Short History of Young Socialist League (PDF). Lohia Today. pp. 28–29. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  14. ^ "K. Ramadas passes away". THe Hindu. 20 June 2007. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  15. ^ "'Lankesh Patrike' family splits". Times of India. 15 February 2005. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  16. ^ Rawat, Vidya Bhushan (23 September 2017). "Murder of Gauri Lankesh: An Attack on Media or Ideology?". Mainstream Weekly. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  17. ^ Ajjampura, Manjunatha (25 January 2010). "ಪಿ ಲಂಕೇಶ್ ಎಂಬ ಹೆಸರೇ ವಿಸ್ಮಯ [The Name Lankesh Itself is a Marvel]". Kannada, One India.Com. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  18. ^ Sabharwal, Gopa (29 August 2017). India Since 1947: The Independent Years. Google Books. Penguin UK. ISBN 9789352140893. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  19. ^ "ಪಿ.ಲಂಕೇಶ್ ೧೯೩೫-೨೦೦೦". Kanaja.in. Kanaja: Antarjaala Kannada Jnanakosha. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  20. ^ "When the Stone Melts and Other Stories". Google Books. Sahitya Akademi. January 2004. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  21. ^ "P Lankesh Profile". Muse India. Retrieved 7 December 2017.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "P. Lankesh Bio". IMDb. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  23. ^ "Pallavi". IMDb. Retrieved 3 December 2017.

External linksEdit