Ouvéa (local pronunciation: [uˈve.a]) or Uvea is a commune in the Loyalty Islands Province of New Caledonia, an overseas territory of France in the Pacific Ocean. The settlement of Fayaoué [faˈjawe], on Ouvéa Island, is the administrative centre of the commune.
Location of the commune (in red) within New Caledonia
|Sui generis collectivity||New Caledonia|
|Province||Loyalty Islands Province|
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Maurice Tillewa|
|132.1 km2 (51.0 sq mi)|
|• Density||26/km2 (67/sq mi)|
|• 2019 census||Kanaks 90.91%|
Wallisians and Futunans 0.03%
|Elevation||0–46 m (0–151 ft) |
(avg. 2 m or 6.6 ft)
|1 New Caledonia Land Register (DITTT) data, which exclude lakes and ponds larger than 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) as well as the estuaries of rivers.|
Important Bird AreaEdit
Ouvea has been recognised as an Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife International because it supports populations of red-bellied fruit doves, Ouvea parakeets, grey-eared honeyeaters, New Caledonian friarbirds, cardinal myzomelas, fan-tailed gerygones, long-tailed trillers, streaked fantails, Melanesian flycatchers and striated starlings.
In April 1988, a hostage taking took place on Ouvéa. Four gendarmes were killed and twenty-seven were held hostage in a cave by supporters of the Kanak and Socialist National Liberation Front. Twelve of the captured gendarmes were released after a while, but six members of a French anti-terrorist squad were also taken hostage. When negotiations to release the hostages did not succeed, French security forces besieged the cave and freed them. Eighteen Kanaks and two gendarmes were left dead. In the aftermath it was alleged that three Kanaks had been executed or left to die after being arrested.
The native languages of Ouvéa are the Melanesian Iaai and the Polynesian Faga Uvea, which is the only Polynesian language that has taken root in New Caledonia. Speakers of Faga Uvea have fully integrated into the Kanak society and consider themselves Kanak.
- Population, ménages et logement par commune, en 2019, Institut de la statistique et des études économiques Nouvelle-Calédonie
- "Destination îles Loyauté – Nouvelle-Calédonie – Le site officiel du tourisme aux îles Loyauté". Iles-loyaute.com.
- "Ouvea Island". BirdLife Data Zone. BirdLife International. 2021. Retrieved 15 February 2021.
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