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Otmuchów (pronounced: [ɔtˈmuxuf]; German: Ottmachau) is a town in Nysa County, Opole Voivodeship, Poland, with 5,317 inhabitants (2004).

Otmuchów
Town Hall
POL Otmuchów COA.svg
Coat of arms
Otmuchów is located in Poland
Otmuchów
Otmuchów
Coordinates: 50°28′0″N 17°10′30″E / 50.46667°N 17.17500°E / 50.46667; 17.17500
Country Poland
VoivodeshipOpole
CountyNysa
GminaOtmuchów
Government
 • MayorJan Woźniak
Area
 • Total27.83 km2 (10.75 sq mi)
Elevation
220 m (720 ft)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total5,261
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
48-385
Car platesONY
Websitehttp://www.otmuchow.pl

Contents

EtymologyEdit

The city was mentioned for the first time as "Otemochow" in 1155. The name Othmuchow was also listed in the Chronicles of the Kingdom of Poland written in the years 1455-1480 by Jan Długosz.

In 1613 the Silesian regionalist and historian Nicholas Henkel stated in his own work entitled Fri Silesiographia two names in Latin, Otmuchovia and Othmuchaw.

In 1945 the city's name was changed from Ottmachau to Otmuchów.

HistoryEdit

The first mentioning of the town comes from 1155. During the 14th century the city was surrounded by walls. Establishment of the coat of arms of the city dates back to 1347. The coat of arms is an open city gate in white on a blue field. From the 14th century it was used as the town seal. Destroyed by many wars throughout history, the town lost its importance due to a nearby developing city of Nysa, which was the capital of the principality of the bishop.

Before 1945 the area was part of Germany. During the Second World War a Prisoner of War camp (E276) was based here, at a sugar beet factory. The camp came under the administration of Stalag VIIIB/344 at Lamsdorf (Łambinowice), a camp for English-speaking prisoners of war. In 1944 the men were transferred to the oil refinery at Trzebinia (E738).[1]

The town holds the headquarters for the 1952 founded confectionary joint-stock company Otmuchów Group.

SightsEdit

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

Otmuchów is twinned with:

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit