Oswald Lutz

Oswald Lutz (6 November 1876 – 26 February 1944) was a German General who oversaw the motorization of the German Army in the late 1920s and early 1930s and was appointed as the commander of the Wehrmacht's Panzer Troops Command in 1935.

Oswald Lutz
Born(1876-11-06)6 November 1876
Öhringen, Oberamt Öhringen, Jagstkreis, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire
Died26 February 1944(1944-02-26) (aged 67)
Munich, Gau Munich-Upper Bavaria, Nazi Germany
Allegiance German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branchArmy
Years of service1894–1938, 1941–42
RankGeneral (Wehrmacht) 1.svg General der Panzertruppe
Commands heldPanzer Troops Command
Head of Mechanized Forces
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II

BiographyEdit

Born in Öhringen, Lutz joined the Bavarian Army as an officer cadet in 1894 and was commissioned as a Leutnant in the 1st Bavarian Engineer Battalion in 1896. After service in the German Imperial Army in World War I, he was retained in the Reichswehr, in which he attained the rank of oberstleutnant in 1923 and oberst in 1928.[1]

On 1 April 1931, Lutz was appointed the Inspector of Motor Transport Troops. Promoted to generalmajor,[1] Oberstleutnant Heinz Guderian was appointed his chief-of-staff and Major Walter Nehring later joined his staff. Both men would go on to be influential in the establishment of the Panzerwaffe.[2] Lutz continued to oversee the motorization of the army and was promoted to generalleutnant on 1 February 1933.[1] Two and a half years later, he was promoted again to General der Panzertruppe and was made commander of the Panzer Troops Command. However, he lost Guderian as his chief-of-staff; he was given command of a panzer division. Guderian's replacement, Friedrich Paulus, was not effective and the momentum of the development of the Panzerwaffe slowed as Lutz was much less energetic.[2]

Lutz was retired from active duty in February 1938 after falling from Adolf Hitler's favour.[3] During World War II he was recalled to service and appointed on 22 September 1941 to head a minor special staff unit before being retired again on 31 May 1942. He died in Munich in 1944 aged 67.[1]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Mitcham 2007, pp. 26–27.
  2. ^ a b Mitcham 2007, p. 7.
  3. ^ Mitcham 2007, p. 12.

ReferencesEdit

  • Mitcham, Jr, Samuel W. (2007). Panzer Legions: A Guide to the German Army Tank Divisions of WWII and Their Commanders. Mechanicsburg, PA, United States: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3353-3.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)