|Osteopoikilosis on an X-ray of the hands|
The radiographic appearance of osteopoikilosis on an X-ray is characterized by a pattern of numerous white densities of similar size spread throughout all the bones. This is a systemic condition. It must be differentiated from blastic metastasis, which can also present radiographically as white densities interspersed throughout bone. Blastic metastasis tends to present with larger and more irregular densities in less of a uniform pattern. Another differentiating factor is age, with blastic metastasis mostly affecting older people, and osteopoikilosis being found in people 20 years of age and younger.
The distribution is variable, though it does not tend to affect the ribs, spine, or skull.
Men and women are affected in equal number, reflecting the fact that osteopoikilosis attacks indiscriminately. Additionally, the disease is often associated with melorheostosis, despite the apparent lack of correlation between melorheostosis and genetic heritability. It has been tied to LEMD3. Buschke–Ollendorff syndrome is a similar condition, which is also associated with LEMD3.
Normal bone scan in a person with osteopoikilosis
- Bull M, Calderbank P, Ramachandran N (2007). "A cause for concern? Osteopoikilosis found incidentally in the emergency department: a case report". Emerg Med J. 24 (5): e29. doi:10.1136/emj.2006.045765. PMC 2658513. PMID 17452689.
- Balan, Nisha Sharma, Anu (2008). Get through FRCR part 2B : rapid reporting of plain radiographs. London: Royal Society of Medicine. ISBN 978-1853157547.
- Serdaroğlu M, Capkin E, Uçüncü F, Tosun M (2007). "Case report of a patient with osteopoikilosis". Rheumatol. Int. 27 (7): 683–6. doi:10.1007/s00296-006-0262-9. PMID 17106662.
- Nevin NC, Thomas PS, Davis RI, Cowie GH (1999). "Melorheostosis in a family with autosomal dominant osteopoikilosis". Am. J. Med. Genet. 82 (5): 409–14. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19990219)82:5<409::AID-AJMG10>3.0.CO;2-2. PMID 10069713.
- Hellemans J, Preobrazhenska O, Willaert A, et al. (2004). "Loss-of-function mutations in LEMD3 result in osteopoikilosis, Buschke–Ollendorff syndrome and melorheostosis". Nat. Genet. 36 (11): 1213–8. doi:10.1038/ng1453. PMID 15489854.
- synd/1803 at Who Named It?
- Mumm S, Wenkert D, Zhang X, McAlister WH, Mier RJ, Whyte MP (2007). "Deactivating germline mutations in LEMD3 cause osteopoikilosis and Buschke–Ollendorff syndrome, but not sporadic melorheostosis". J. Bone Miner. Res. 22 (2): 243–50. doi:10.1359/jbmr.061102. PMID 17087626.