Ortenburg (Bavaria)

Ortenburg is a municipality and old market town in the district of Passau in Bavaria in Germany.

Ortenburg
Ortenburg town centre
Ortenburg town centre
Coat of arms of Ortenburg
Coat of arms
Location of Ortenburg (Bavaria) within Passau district
Ortenburg in PA.svg
Ortenburg is located in Germany
Ortenburg
Ortenburg
Ortenburg is located in Bavaria
Ortenburg
Ortenburg
Coordinates: 48°32′N 13°13′E / 48.533°N 13.217°E / 48.533; 13.217Coordinates: 48°32′N 13°13′E / 48.533°N 13.217°E / 48.533; 13.217
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionNiederbayern
DistrictPassau
Government
 • MayorStefan Lang (CSU)
Area
 • Total60.73 km2 (23.45 sq mi)
Elevation
358 m (1,175 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total7,417
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
94496
Dialling codes08542
Vehicle registrationPA
Websitewww.ortenburg.de

GeographyEdit

Geographical locationEdit

Ortenburg is situated in the forested area south of the Danube and north of the Rott. It is one of the main centres of population in the Lower Bavarian Upland. The majority of the municipality is located in the Wolfach Valley and the Wolfach itself runs directly through Ortenburg.

The market town lies 20 km west of Passau, 10 km south of Vilshofen an der Donau, 12 km northwest of Bad Griesbach and 20 km north of Pocking.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

The closest municipalities are Haarbach, Beutelsbach, Vilshofen an der Donau, Fürstenzell, and Bad Griesbach im Rottal. The cities of Passau and Pocking are somewhat farther away.

Administrative divisionEdit

The municipality of Ortenburg includes 112 districts.[2]

HistoryEdit

 
The Ortenburg Market in 1620, from a watercolour by Friedrich Casimir.

Set in the Wolfach River valley, Ortenburg can look back over a 900-year history. In about 1120 it was established by the Counts of Ortenburg. At the same time the upwardly mobile von Kamm family appeared on the scene. However, during the thirteenth century the von Kamms relocated to Hals (now a quarter of Passau). The Ortenburg counts, whose own origins lay with the Spanheimer dynasty, were keen to establish their own separate dynastic centre and such the Imperial County of Ortenburg kept its Imperial immediacy until 1806.

The Ortenburgs were among the most powerful of the Bavarian nobility, competing in terms of power and position with the Wittelsbach dynasty. During the height of their power, during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, the Ortenburgs held lands from as far south as the Brixen valley, that extended also far into the Upper Palatinate.

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Tabellenblatt "Daten 2", Statistischer Bericht A1200C 202041 Einwohnerzahlen der Gemeinden, Kreise und Regierungsbezirke". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2020.
  2. ^ "Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online (BLO)". www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-03-09.
 
Ortenburg Castle