Orpington (UK Parliament constituency)
Orpington is a constituency[n 1] created in 1945 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jo Johnson of the Conservative Party. It is the largest constituency in Greater London by area.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Orpington in Greater London for the 2010 general election.
|Electorate||68,221 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||St Mary Cray, St Paul's Cray (part), Orpington, Downe, Petts Wood, Biggin Hill Valley and Biggin Hill.|
|Member of Parliament||Jo Johnson (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Chislehurst and Dartford|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Orpington was created in a major boundary review enacted at the 1945 general election, which followed an absence of reviews since 1918. The seats of Dartford and Chislehurst had both seen their electorate grow enormously into newly built houses since the 1918 review and were treated as one and reformed into four seats, creating the additional seats of Bexley and this one in 1945.
- Political history
The seat has been won by a Conservative since creation except for the 1962, 1964 and 1966 Liberal Party wins of Eric Lubbock.
The 2015 result made the seat the 43rd safest of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.
- Role in the Liberal Party revival
1945-1974: The Urban District of Orpington, and part of the Rural District of Dartford.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Biggin Hill, Chelsfield, Darwin, Farnborough, Goddington, Petts Wood, and St Mary Cray.
1983-1997: In the same borough: Chelsfield and Goddington, Crofton, Farnborough, Orpington Central, Petts Wood and Knoll, and St Mary Cray.
1997-2010: In the same borough: Biggin Hill, Chelsfield and Goddington, Crofton, Darwin, Farnborough, Orpington Central, Petts Wood and Knoll, St Mary Cray, and St Paul’s Cray.
2010–present: In the same borough: Biggin Hill, Chelsfield and Pratts Bottom, Cray Valley East, Darwin, Farnborough and Crofton, Orpington, and Petts Wood and Knoll.
- Boundary changes
The seat has changed a little in subsequent boundary reviews since 1945. For the 1997 general election the Ravensbourne seat which had emerged in the west by Bromley was divided between three constituencies which before then overshot the London Borough of Bromley, adding to Orpington the community of Biggin Hill.
The constituency is in the quite uniformly larger-housing dominated London Borough of Bromley, which has low unemployment and forms the southeastern limits of Greater London, and of this contains the largely buffered settlements of St Mary Cray, parts of St Pauls Cray, Swanley and Ruxley, then ascends through Orpington, Farnborough, and Chelsfield to the uppermost tracts of the North Downs and to the Biggin Hill settlement, which has an airport  and retains some of the hill-farming and woodland which dominated the area through the Industrial Revolution until the inter-war period.
The wealth of the Conservative vote comes from Biggin Hill, Biggin Hill Valley, Downe and Orpington. The area mainly comprises detached and semi-detached houses surrounded by winding roads and vast areas of parkland, which since the wards creation have continually returned Conservative candidates. With the exception of 2002, when a Lib Dem councillor was elected to represent Orpington.
In the mediaEdit
Honda ran a national advertising campaign in an American accent pinpointing the district as the sort of place where a necessary status symbol or way of life requires one of their more cross-terrain vehicles, broadcast widely around the country, using the slogan You live in Orpington, that's all.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1945||Sir Waldron Smithers||Conservative|
|1955 by-election||Donald Sumner||Conservative|
|1962 by-election||Eric Lubbock||Liberal|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
By numerical vote share, the 2017 general election saw Orpington become the safest Conservative seat in London.
|Labour||Nigel de Gruchy||12,309||24.4||+8.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Alex Feakes||3,315||6.6||-0.2|
|Labour||Nigel de Gruchy||7,645||15.6||+6.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Brooks||3,330||6.8||-17.7|
|Liberal Democrat||David McBride||12,000||24.5||-15.9|
|English Democrat||Chris Snape||199||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Maines||21,771||39.8||-3.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Maines||22,065||43.3||+7.7|
|Labour||Chris A. Purnell||5,517||10.8||-7.0|
|UKIP||John B. Youles||996||2.0||+1.1|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Maines||21,465||35.7||+5.5|
|ProLife Alliance||Nicholas Wilton||191||0.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Maines||14,486||30.2||−0.8|
|Labour||Stephen J. Cowan||5,512||11.5||+0.8|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Alliance (Liberal)||Jonathan Fryer||14,529||31.0||−3.5|
|Alliance (Liberal)||J.W. Cook||15,418||34.5||+5.5|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||F. Hitches||516||0.9||N/A|
|Homeland Party||I. MacKillian||146||0.3||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.0|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||David Jonathan Sleigh||4,870||10.1||+0.2|
|Labour||Peter A W Merriton||4,609||9.9||-12.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+26.3|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Norman John Hart||9,543||22.2||-5.4|
|Liberal||Jack Omar Galloway||9,092||21.2||+8.7|
|Labour||Norman John Hart||10,230||27.6||-9.8|
|Liberal||Alfred B. Howard||4,610||12.5||N/A|
|Labour||R. David Vaughan Williams||10,426||34.2||-3.1|
|Labour||R. David Vaughan Williams||16,241||37.4||+4.6|
|Labour||George H. C. Vaughan||14,161||32.8||-5.0|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||Alan Raymond Mais||15,846||37.8||N/A|
|Liberal||Edward Rogers Goodfellow||5,140||12.3||N/A|
|Independent||Guy Chandler Milner||528||1.3||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- On This Day - "1962: Liberals seize Orpington" BBC News
- 2011 census interactive maps Archived 2016-01-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "OS Maps - online and App mapping system - Ordnance Survey Shop". getamap.ordnancesurvey.co.uk.
- Samuel Lewis (publisher) (1848). "Orpington - Osgoodby". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 22 January 2013. A
- Youtube Honda advertising which homed in on the town as their prime audience
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "O"
- "Orpington parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Bromley, London Borough of. "Orpington Constituency result of poll May 2015 - London Borough of Bromley". www.bromley.gov.uk.
- "Tweets with replies by Idham Ramadi (@idhamramadi) - Twitter". twitter.com.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "1962 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2015-08-15.
- British Parliament by-election: 1955
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)