Order of St. Sylvester

Pontifical Equestrian Order of Saint Sylvester Pope and Martyr (Latin: Ordo Sancti Silvestri Papae, Italian: Ordine di San Silvestro Papa), sometimes referred to as the Sylvestrine Order, or the Pontifical Order of Pope Saint Sylvester, is one of five orders of knighthood awarded directly by the Pope as Supreme Pontiff and head of the Catholic Church and as the Head of State of Vatican City. It is intended to honor Roman Catholic lay people who are actively involved in the life of the church, particularly as it is exemplified in the exercise of their professional duties and mastership of the different arts.

Pontifical Equestrian Order of Saint Sylvester Pope and Martyr
Ordo Sancti Silvestri Papae
St Sylvester Knight.jpg
Knight's cross of the Order of St. Sylvester
Awarded by   Holy See
TypePapal order of knighthood
Established1841
MottoMULTUM IN PARVO
StatusCurrently constituted
SovereignPope Francis
GradesKnight/Dame Grand Cross
Knight/Dame Commander with Star
Knight/Dame Commander
Knight/Dame
Precedence
Next (higher)Order of St. Gregory the Great
Next (lower)Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice
Order of Pope Sylvester BAR.svg
Ribbon bar of the order

HistoryEdit

This Order was at one time united with the Order of the Golden Militia. Pope Pius X in his motu proprio of 7 February 1905, entitled Multum ad excitandos, divided the Sylvestrine Order into two Orders of Knighthood, one retaining the name of St. Sylvester and the other taking the ancient name of the Order, i.e. Order of the Golden Militia, or Order of the Golden Spur.[1]

It is intended to honor Roman Catholic lay people who are actively involved in the life of the church, particularly as it is exemplified in the exercise of their professional duties and mastership of the different arts. It is also conferred on non-Catholics and in the UK current recipients include prominent Anglicans, Muslims and Jews. The Knights of Saint Sylvester retain the privilege of riding a horse inside Saint Peter's in Rome.[2]

Awards of the Order are generally made on the recommendation of Diocesan Bishops or of Apostolic Nuncios (nominations may be made by parish priests to their bishop for his consideration). Awards are also granted on recommendation of the Papal Secretary of State. In 1994 Pope John Paul II extended membership in the Order to ladies as well as gentlemen.[2]

Regulations of Gregory XVIEdit

Prior to the year 1841 it was known as the Militia of the Golden Spur or Golden Militia, and though it is not historically established who among the many supposed founders is the true one, yet it undoubtedly is the oldest and, at one time, was one of the most prized of the papal orders. Faculties granted to the Sforza family,[3] to the College of Abbreviators,[4] and to bishops assistant at the throne[5] to create Knights of the Golden Militia resulted in lavish bestowal and diminished prestige of the decoration.

Pope Gregory XVI in his Papal Brief of 31 October 1841, entitled Quod hominum mentes, retained the ancient name of the Order and placed it under the patronage of St. Sylvester (one of its alleged founders). He withdrew all faculties to whom and by whomsoever given, and forbade the use of the title or the decoration to all knights created by any means other than a Papal Brief. To restore the Order to its ancient glory and splendour, he limited the number of Commanders to 150 and knights to 300 (for the Papal States only),[6] and appointed the Cardinal of Apostolic Briefs as Chancellor of the Order, with the duty of preserving the name, grade, number and date of admission of each knight.

 
Golden Chain of the Order of Saint Sylvester and the Golden Militia prior to 1905.

Pope Gregory divided the Order into two classes:

  • Commander wore a large-sized decoration suspended at the neck, on a wide ribbon.
  • Knight wore a small-sized decoration on the left side of the breast, on a smaller ribbon.

Regulations of Pius XEdit

The Order currently has four classes.[2] In order of seniority they are:

  • Knight / Dame Grand Cross (GCSS) – wears a large cross suspended from a broad ribbon (sash) over the right shoulder across the breast to the left hip, along with the breast star
    • Knight / Dame Commander with Star (KC*SS / DC*SS) – wears the star of the Order on the lower left breast
  • Knight Commander(KCSS / DCSS) – wears a smaller cross suspended by the ribbon of the Order encircling the neck. Dame Commander wears the same cross suspended from a bow on the left breast. This class is divided into two categories:
  • Knight / Dame (KSS / DSS) – wears the smallest cross on a ribbon attached to the left breast of the tunic.

Each recipient may illustrate their Papal knighthood with post nominal lettering as seen above.

InsigniaEdit

The current decoration or cross of the Order is a gold cross of white enamelled surface, in the centre of which is impressed the image of St. Sylvester, surrounded by a blue enamelled circle bearing the inscription in letters of gold SANC. SYLVESTER P. M. On the obverse, in the centre, are the Papal tiara and crossed keys with the date of the Order's restoration under Gregory: MDCCCXXXXR, and that of the Pius X renovation, MDCCCCV, impressed in characters of gold upon a blue circle.

The ribbon of the decoration is black silk with three narrow red stripes.

The star or badge is the cross of the Order attached to a silver star.[1]

UniformEdit

The official uniform is a black coat ornamented with one row of gilt buttons, black velvet, gold-embroidered collar and cuffs, black gold-striped trousers, a bicornered cocked silk (bicorne) hat with a cockade of the papal colors to which is added a white plume when worn by a Knight Grand Cross, a black plume when worn by a Commander, and a sword. Knights Grand Cross wear a sash and a badge or star on the left side of the breast; Commanders wear a cross around the neck; and Knights wear a smaller cross on the left breast of the uniform. The uniform is considerably more embroidered for the higher ranks and white gloves are usually worn.

Knight Knight Commander Knight Commander with Star Knight Grand Cross

HeraldryEdit

In ecclesiastical heraldry, laypersons awarded the rank Grand Cross display a blue enamelled circle bearing the inscription in letters of gold SANC. SYLVESTER P. M around the shield in their coat of arms, while other ranks place an appropriate ribbon below the shield.[citation needed]

ObligationsEdit

Papal knights and dames do not have any specific obligations by virtue of their having been given the personal honour of membership in an Order. However, it is customary for them to be invited to participate in major events of their diocese, such as the consecration of bishops, the ordination of priests, and the introduction of a new bishop into his diocese. On such formal occasions they would wear the uniform of the Order.

Notable membersEdit

National AssociationsEdit

There are National Associations of Papal Knights in France, Great Britain, Ireland and the United States, as well as Diocesan Associations such as those in Milan and Los Angeles.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Rock, P.M.J. "Pontifical Decorations." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 4. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1908. 9 November 2022   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b c "The Papal Order of Saint Sylvester", The Christian Knighthood Information Center
  3. ^ Pope Paul III, Hinc est quod nos, 14 Apr., 1539
  4. ^ Pope Leo X, Const. 14 Summi
  5. ^ Pope Julius III, 6 Apr., 1557
  6. ^ Moeller, Charles (1912). "Order of Saint Sylvester" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 13. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  7. ^ Schindler's List, p. 395, at Google Books Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Jap Envoy Honored By Pope Vatican City". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. St. Louis. 5 January 1946. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  9. ^ Barron, James (27 April 2020). "Cardinal Timothy Dolan Confers a Rare Papal Knighthood on Rabbi Arthur Schneier". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  10. ^ "Dr Giorgio Borġ Olivier". Maltese History & Heritage. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  11. ^ "Duke Georg | House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz". www.mecklenburg-strelitz.org.
  12. ^ "Guam Leader Honored". The Catholic Standard & Times. 7 February 1964. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  13. ^ Sharp, Sonja (27 April 2015). "New York Rabbi Receives Papal Knighthood". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  14. ^ "Judge Burton Hall". International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  15. ^ "Pope Francis to bestow knighthood on New York rabbi". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
  16. ^ a b Turchansky, Lorraine (22 December 2017). "Advocates for the mentally ill honoured by the pope". Grandin Media. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  17. ^ "ODIS". www.odis.be.
  18. ^ Museo Barracco, Storia della collezione, Quaderno 2, ed. by Maresita Nota Santi, Orietta Rossini, and Elena Cagiano de Azevedo, Commune di Roma, 2000.
  19. ^ "Stanislav Zachar (Staviteľ)".
  20. ^ "The smallest ship of the ocean". Illustrated London News. British Newspaper Archive. 25 June 1870. p. 21 col.2. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  21. ^ Velmistr Jan hrabě Dobrzenský obdržel papežský Řád Svatého Řehoře Velikého
  22. ^ "Coulombe, Charles". Catholicism.org Store. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  23. ^ "MASUDA M° Kento". cavalierisansilvestro.it (in Italian). Associazione "Cavalieri San Silvestro". Archived from the original on 28 September 2021. Retrieved 2021-09-28.
  24. ^ "Acta Benedicti PP. XVI" (PDF). Acta Apostolicae Sedis. 5 September 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  25. ^ "Comedian Don Maclean made Papal Knight". BBC. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  26. ^ "My Papal knighthood exceptional —Obi". Vanguard News. 2014-12-21. Retrieved 2022-06-04.
  27. ^ "Lorenzo Balbi, benefactor of Marsa parish church, passed away 100 years ago". Times of Malta.

BibliographyEdit

  • Rock, P.M.J. (1908) Pontifical Decorations, The Catholic Encyclopedia, New York, Robert Appleton Company
  • Moroni, Diz., XI, 6 sqq.; XVIII, 210 sqq.; XLIX, 81 sq q.; LXIV, 91 sqq.; LXVIII, 238 sqq.
  • Giobbio, Lezioni di diplomazia ecclesiastica (Rome, 1899), Part I, lib. I, cap. x, art. iv, 514 sqq.
  • André-Wagner, Dict. de Droit Canonique, III, 83, 501; IV, 361
  • Battandier, Ann. Pont. Cath., 1901, 483 sqq.; 1902, 468 sqq.; 1908, 646 sq. For a list of knights of all the decorations see Ann. for 1905. 1907, and 1908; Pii IX P. M. Acta, Part I, 43 sq., 195 sq.; IV, 391 sq.
  • Bernasconi, Acta Gregorii papæ XVI, 48; III, 179 sq.; Analecta Ecclesiastica (Rome, 1905), 99 sq.; 1907, 189; Leonis XIII Pont. Max. Acta (Rome), VIII, 259, 282; XXI, 74

External linksEdit