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Order-4 hexagonal tiling
Order-4 hexagonal tiling
Poincaré disk model of the hyperbolic plane
Type Hyperbolic regular tiling
Vertex configuration 64
Schläfli symbol {6,4}
Wythoff symbol 4 | 6 2
Coxeter diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel 6.pngCDel node.pngCDel 4.pngCDel node.png
Symmetry group [6,4], (*642)
Dual Order-6 square tiling
Properties Vertex-transitive, edge-transitive, face-transitive

In geometry, the order-4 hexagonal tiling is a regular tiling of the hyperbolic plane. It has Schläfli symbol of {6,4}.



This tiling represents a hyperbolic kaleidoscope of 6 mirrors defining a regular hexagon fundamental domain. This symmetry by orbifold notation is called *222222 with 6 order-2 mirror intersections. In Coxeter notation can be represented as [6*,4], removing two of three mirrors (passing through the hexagon center). Adding a bisecting mirror through 2 vertices of a hexagonal fundamental domain defines a trapezohedral *4422 symmetry. Adding 3 bisecting mirrors through the vertices defines *443 symmetry. Adding 3 bisecting mirrors through the edge defines *3222 symmetry. Adding all 6 bisectors leads to full *642 symmetry.


Uniform coloringsEdit

There are 7 distinct uniform colorings for the order-4 hexagonal tiling. They are similar to 7 of the uniform colorings of the square tiling, but exclude 2 cases with order-2 gyrational symmetry. Four of them have reflective constructions and Coxeter diagrams while three of them are undercolorings.

Uniform constructions of
1 color 2 colors 3 and 2 colors 4, 3 and 2 colors
Symmetry [6,4]
[(6,6,3)] = [6,6,1+]
    =       =      
Symbol {6,4} r{6,6} = {6,4}1/2 r(6,3,6) = r{6,6}1/2 r{6,6}1/4
          =           =           =       =      

Related polyhedra and tilingEdit

This tiling is topologically related as a part of sequence of regular tilings with hexagonal faces, starting with the hexagonal tiling, with Schläfli symbol {6,n}, and Coxeter diagram      , progressing to infinity.

This tiling is also topologically related as a part of sequence of regular polyhedra and tilings with four faces per vertex, starting with the octahedron, with Schläfli symbol {n,4}, and Coxeter diagram      , with n progressing to infinity.

See alsoEdit


  • John H. Conway, Heidi Burgiel, Chaim Goodman-Strass, The Symmetries of Things 2008, ISBN 978-1-56881-220-5 (Chapter 19, The Hyperbolic Archimedean Tessellations)
  • "Chapter 10: Regular honeycombs in hyperbolic space". The Beauty of Geometry: Twelve Essays. Dover Publications. 1999. ISBN 0-486-40919-8. LCCN 99035678.

External linksEdit