Opicina

Opicina (formerly "Poggioreale del Carso" in Italian) , (Slovene: Opčine, Triestine: Opcina), is a town in north-eastern Italy, close to the Slovenian border at Fernetti (Slovene: Fernetiči). Opicina is a frazione of the comune of Trieste, the provincial and regional capital. The town has a large Slovene population, with Slovenian being widely used alongside Italian in private and public institutions.The first town near Opicina is Sežana in Slovenia, there is also the next railway station.

Opicina
Opčine
Carnival feast at Opicina
Opicina Opčine is located in Italy
Opicina Opčine
Opicina
Opčine
Location of Opicina
Opčine in Italy
Coordinates: 45°41′15″N 13°47′19″E / 45.68750°N 13.78861°E / 45.68750; 13.78861Coordinates: 45°41′15″N 13°47′19″E / 45.68750°N 13.78861°E / 45.68750; 13.78861
Country Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
ProvinceTrieste (TS)
ComuneTrieste
Elevation
330 m (1,080 ft)
Population
 (2015)[1]
 • Total8,009
Demonym(s)Opicinesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
34151
Dialing code(+39) 040
Patron saintBartholomew the Apostle

GeographyEdit

It is located on the Carso Plateau 3 miles north of Trieste, a seaport on the Adriatic Sea.

NameEdit

The name Opicina is of Slovene origin. It derives from "ob p'čine" ("ob pečini" in modern standard Slovene), meaning "by the cliff". Thus, it is among the Italian towns and villages in Friuli Venezia Giulia with a name of Slavic origin. Before World War I, it used to be known in Italian as Opcina, a name still used in the local Triestine dialect. During the Fascist regime, the name was first Italianized into Villa Opicina, and subsequently renamed to Poggioreale del Carso. In 1966 it was renamed again as Villa Opicina. However, it has been frequently referred to as Opicina, including on road signs.


History and cultureEdit

PopulationEdit

 
Obelisk erected in honor of Francis I

It is inhabited by a Slovene minority in Italy. According to the last Austrian census of 1911, over 89% of the population was of Slovene ethnicity.[2] In the following decades, this number fell significantly: according to the census of 1971, just above half of the population of the settlement belonged to the Slovene speaking community, while the rest were mostly Italian speakers.[3]

In the last three decades, immigration from the city of Trieste and other predominantly Italian-speaking areas have most probably reduced the Slovene speakers to a minority. However, Slovene language is still widely used in the settlement, both in private and public life. Most of the official signs are bilingual, Italian and Slovene.

The local Slovenes speak a distinctive version of the Inner Carniolan dialect, which shows strong influences of the neighboring Karst dialect.

TransportEdit

The railway station Villa Opicina serves trains entering Italy from Slovenia, but does not provide a direct service to Trieste. At railway station is bus station also. From there the local buses connect village center and Trieste.

The Opicina Tramway, a unique hybrid of tramway and funicular railway, links Villa Opicina village with Piazza Oberdan in Trieste city centre.

Notable people from OpicinaEdit

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Italian) Infos on italia.indettaglio.it
  2. ^ Spezialortsrepertorium der Oesterreichischen Laender. VII. Oesterreichisch-Illyrisches Kuestenland. Wien, 1918, Verlag der K.K. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei
  3. ^ P. Stranj, La comunità sommersa (Trieste: Editoriale Stampa Triestina, 1992).

External linksEdit

  Media related to Opicina at Wikimedia Commons