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An on-again, off-again relationship (otherwise known as an on-off relationship, on and off relationship, or similar[according to whom?]) is a form of personal relationship between two people. They may wish to keep an ongoing formal relationship, but have difficulty doing so because of continuous conflicts.


Reasons for such relationships to form can be complex.[citation needed] Such reasons can involve things which are directly internal to the relationship, or external factors, which may or may not be within their direct control. The couple may not be able to live or associate with each other for physical reasons (e.g. they live in different places), or for emotional reasons (e.g., they cannot relate to each other outside of a sexual relationship, perhaps sharing little in common).[citation needed]

Additionally, the relationship may be confused by opposing outside influences such as current relationships with others outside of the couple concerned relationship or the disapproval of other people.[citation needed] They can also involve cultural reasons, such as legality in some countries of non-marital or adulterous, extra-marital, relationships, especially those outside of typical monogamous relationships such as marriage.[1][betterĀ sourceĀ needed]

Sometimes[when?] when couples break up, one member of the relationship may attempt to reconnect with their former partner for comfort after a period of time.[quantify] Despite relationship issues that may trigger a periodic hiatus, "on-again, off-again" couples often[vague] continue to reunite out of a persistent hope that the moments of happiness and gratification they have known will eventually constitute the entire relationship.[2]


  1. ^ "on-off - Definition". Macmillan Dictionary. Retrieved 19 September 2011.
  2. ^ Svoboda, Elizabeth. "Domestic Drama: On-Again, Off-Again". Psychology Today. Retrieved 19 September 2011.