Oflag X-C

Oflag X-C was a German World War II prisoner-of-war camp for officers (Offizierlager) in Lübeck in northern Germany. The camp was located on the corner of Friedhofsallee and Vorwerkstrasse, close to Lübeck's border with the town of Schwartau (now Bad Schwartau), and is often cited as being located in Schwartau rather than Lübeck.

Oflag X-C
Lübeck, Schleswig-Holstein
Oflag X-C is located in Germany
Oflag X-C
Oflag X-C
Coordinates53°53′59″N 10°40′36″E / 53.89962°N 10.67665°E / 53.89962; 10.67665
TypePrisoner-of-war camp
Site information
Controlled by Nazi Germany
Site history
In use1940–1945
Garrison information
OccupantsAllied officers

Camp historyEdit

The camp was opened in June 1940 for French officers captured during the Battle of France. In June 1941 British and Commonwealth officers from the Battle of Crete[1] and the North African Campaign arrived. During 1941 and 1942 many Allied air crews that had been shot down were taken to Lübeck, then later transferred to Oflag VI-B, Warburg[2] In early 1945 Polish Officers, inmates of Oflag II-D Gross-Born and Oflag II-C Woldenberg, were marched westwards and finally reached Oflag X-C. The camp was liberated on 2 May 1945 by troops of the British 2nd Army.[3] Prisoners of war were repatriated during May 1945 (Operation Exodus).

Prominent PrisonersEdit

French theologian, Yves Congar was placed as a POW at the Lübeck fortress because of his numerous escape attempts from other camps after being captured while serving as an officer in the French army.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Mason, W. Wynne (1954). "The Crete Campaign—Prisoners in Greece and Germany". Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939–45. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  2. ^ Flensted, Søren C. (2012). "Whitley V Z6498 ditched in Grønsund off Stubbekøbing on 12/9-1941". Airwar over Denmark. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  3. ^ "British occupy Hamburg & link with Russians". The Age. 3 May 1945. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  4. ^ Bernardi, Peter J. "A Passion for Unity". America Magazine. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
  • "Offizierslager". lexikon-der-wehrmacht.de. 2007. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  • Waters, Ben (2012). "Six years in the RNVR". BBC WW2 People's War. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  • Rollings, Charles (August 2004), Wire and Worse: RAF Prisoners of War in Laufen, Bibarach, Lubeck and Warburg 1940-42. ISBN 0-7110-3050-2