Oesman Sapta Odang

Oesman Sapta Odang (born 18 August 1950) is an Indonesian politician of the People's Conscience Party (Hanura), serving as the speaker of the Regional Representative Council and deputy speaker of the People's Consultative Assembly. He had also served in the latter position between 2002 and 2004.

Oesman Sapta Odang
Oesman Sapta Odang Official Portrait.jpg
4th Speaker of Regional Representative Council
In office
4 April 2017 – 1 October 2019
PresidentJoko Widodo
Preceded byMohammad Saleh
Succeeded byLa Nyalla Mattalitti
Deputy Speaker of People's Consultative Assembly
In office
8 October 2014 – 1 Oktober 2019
PresidentSusilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Joko Widodo
SpeakerZulkifli Hasan
In office
11 August 2002 – 1 October 2004
PresidentMegawati Soekarnoputri
SpeakerAmien Rais
Leader of Hanura
Assumed office
22 December 2016
Preceded byWiranto
Personal details
Born (1950-08-18) 18 August 1950 (age 70)
Sukadana, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
NationalityIndonesia
Political partyHanura
Spouse(s)Serviaty Oesman
Children5

Originating from the town of Sukadana in West Kalimantan, he built a career as a businessman before entering politics, founding the Regional Unity Party and later joining Hanura, where he has served as chairman since December 2016.

Personal lifeEdit

Oesman, often nicknamed Oso, was born in the town of Sukadana in West Kalimantan province on 18 August 1950 to parents from other parts of Indonesia. His father Odang originated from Palopo while his mother Asnah Hamid was of Minang descent, originating from Solok.[1] As a child, he worked on rubber plantations and as a cigarette vendor.[2] He did not complete formal education, and only earned his high school degree through a special package ("Paket C") in 2006 at the age of 56.[3][4]

He obtained an honoris causa degree from the now-defunct Rutherford University in 1999. He competed as a racing car driver in the 1980s, winning national and international level competitions.[3]

FamilyEdit

He is married to Serviaty Oesman and the couple has five children.[5] In 2015, his eldest son Raja Septa Sermando died at the age of 41 due to a heart attack.[6]

CareerEdit

He began his business career by trading agricultural commodities such as coconut and ginger between West Kalimantan and Jakarta. At the age of 22, he moved on to the construction industry. As his business grew, he expanded to other sectors, forming the Oso Group.[2] In 2012, he resigned as CEO of the group.[7]

In 2002, he reported his wealth to the Corruption Eradication Commission as Rp 54.6 billion (US$6 million).[8] GlobeAsia placed him on its list of 150 richest Indonesians, placing him 103rd with estimated wealth of US$350 million.[9] According to an official report to the Indonesian government, his wealth amounted to Rp 335.6 billion in April 2015.[2]

PoliticsEdit

He became a member of the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) for the 1999-2004 period, and was appointed deputy speaker of the body on 11 August 2002. He was part of the regional envoys' faction.[10] Following this, he founded the Regional Unity Party on 18 November 2002 and it participated in the 2004 elections, but only gathered 0.58 percent of votes and failed to secure seats in the People's Representative Council (DPR). The party achieved similar results in the 2009 elections, and merged with nine other minor political parties to form the National Unity Party.[11][12]

Following the 2014 election, he was elected into the Regional Representative Council (DPD) as a senator from West Kalimantan, winning 188,528 votes.[1] He was chosen as a deputy speaker for the MPR on 8 October 2014 for the 2014-2019 period.[13] On 22 December 2016, he was elected chairman of Hanura for 2016-2020, replacing Wiranto.[14]

He was elected DPD speaker in April 2017 following the expiry of Bengkulu senator Mohammad Saleh's appointment.[15] His appointment received criticism, since Oesman then held two major parliamentary positions in addition to being chairman in Hanura. According to speaker Zulkifli Hasan, Oesman would resign from the deputy speaker position.[16] It was not until February 2018 however that he submitted his resignation.[17] His replacement was left for the Regional Representative Council to decide.[18]

In January 2018, Hanura Secretary General Sarifuddin Sudding (id) gave him a motion of no confidence. Oesman fired him from the party in response.[19] Deputy chairman of Hanura Wishnu Dewanto said Oesman had violated the party's internal procedures and caused Hanura's popularity to decline.[20] Some others accused him of embezzling Rp 200 billion (US$15 million) of party funds.[21] Following the split, multiple members holding positions in the People's Representative Council were replaced with Hanura legislators in Oesman's faction.[22] The other faction moved to support candidates not initially endorsed by the party in the 2018 regional elections, such as in East Java.[23]

Oesman has proposed Wiranto as incumbent President Joko Widodo's running mate in the upcoming 2019 elections.[24] He was set to run for reelection, but the General Elections Commission removed his name from the ballot as he was still affiliated to political parties.[25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Dr. Oesman Sapta". DPD. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Kresna, Mawa (6 April 2017). "Siapa Sebenarnya Oesman Sapta Odang?". Tirto (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Profil Oesman Sapta Odang". Viva (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  4. ^ "DR. (H.C.) OESMAN SAPTA" (in Indonesian). People's Consultative Assembly. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  5. ^ "Profil - Oesman Sapta Odang" (in Indonesian). Merdeka. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  6. ^ Prasetyaning, Dimas (1 June 2015). "Pimpinan MPR RI Ucapkan Dukacita untuk Keluarga Oesman Sapta". MetroTV News (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Profil Ketua Umum dan Pembina" (in Indonesian). Hanura. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Oesman Sapta, Miliarder dengan 3 Jabatan Penting". Kumparan (in Indonesian). 5 April 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  9. ^ "150 Richest Indonesians". GlobeAsia Magazine. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Oesman Sapta, Wakil Ketua MPR F-UD". Liputan6 (in Indonesian). 11 August 2002. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Partai Persatuan Daerah (12)". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  12. ^ Pitakasari, Ajeng Ritzki (14 April 2011). "Tersingkir di Pemilu 2009, Sepuluh Partai Dirikan Partai Persatuan Nasional". Republika (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Indonesian Supreme Court chief installs new MPR speaker, deputy speakers". ANTARA News. 8 October 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  14. ^ Hakim, Rakhmat Nur (22 December 2016). "Oesman Sapta Ketua Umum Hanura, Wiranto Ketua Dewan Pembina". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  15. ^ Ramadhani, Nurul Fitri (3 April 2017). "DPD to hold plenary session over speakers' fates". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  16. ^ Fachrudin, Fachri (5 April 2017). "Zulkifli Hasan Sebut Oesman Sapta Bakal Mundur sebagai Wakil Ketua MPR Artikel ini telah tayang di Kompas.com dengan judul "Zulkifli Hasan Sebut Oesman Sapta Bakal Mundur sebagai Wakil Ketua MPR". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  17. ^ Nur Hakim, Rakhmat (8 February 2018). "Oesman Sapta Mundur dari Jabatan Wakil Ketua MPR". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  18. ^ "Ketua MPR Serahkan Calon Pengganti Oesman Sapta ke DPD". Tirto (in Indonesian). 8 February 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  19. ^ Prastiwi, Devira (16 January 2018). "Rusak Partai, Jadi Alasan Oesman Sapta Pecat Sekjen Hanura". liputan6 (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  20. ^ Widjaja, Yunizafira Putri Arifin (15 January 2018). "Ini Deretan Dosa Oesman Sapta Versi Hanura Kubu Sudding". liputan6 (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  21. ^ Sukmana, Yoga (18 January 2018). "Oesman Sapta Dituduh Selewengkan Uang Partai Hanura Rp 200 Miliar". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  22. ^ Prastiwi, Devira (22 February 2018). "Hanura Kubu OSO Rotasi Loyalis Daryatmo di Fraksi DPR". liputan6 (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  23. ^ Faizal, Achmad (11 February 2018). "Hanura Daryatmo Dukung Gus Ipul-Puti Soekarno di Pilkada Jatim". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  24. ^ Nur Hakim, Rakhmat (22 February 2018). "Oesman Sapta Usulkan Wiranto sebagai Cawapres Jokowi dari Hanura". Kompas (in Indonesian). Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  25. ^ Andayani, Dwi (20 September 2018). "KPU Coret OSO dari Daftar Caleg DPD". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2 November 2018.