Oebalus

In Greek mythology, Oebalus, also spelled Oibalus or Oibalius, (/ˈɛbələs/; Ancient Greek: Οἴβαλος, Oἴvalos) was a king of Sparta.

FamilyEdit

Oibalus was the son of either Cynortas[1] or Argalus.[2] He was the second husband of Princess Gorgophone and thus son-in-law of the hero Perseus. With her or by the Naiad Bateia,[3] Oibalos fathered Tyndareus,[4][5][6] Icarius and Hippocoon, as well as a daughter, Arene, who married her half-brother Aphareus.[7][8] The nymph Pirene[9] and Hyacinth[10][11] were also called the daughter and son of Oebalius respectively. His grandchildren, the Dioscuri, were usually referred as Oibalids[12] or Oebalidae.[13]

Oebalus was often confused with Gorgophone's first husband, Perieres, son of Aeolus. They were separate people, usually unrelated though Oebalus was sometimes said to be Perieres’ son.[3]

Comparative table of Oebalus' family
Relation Names Sources
Hesiod Apollodorus Dictys Hyginus Pausanias Lucian
Parentage Perieres
Argalus
Cynortas
Consort Batia
Gorgophone
Children Tyndareus
Hippocoon
Icarius
Arene
Hyacinthus
Pirene

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 3.1.3
  2. ^ Dictys Cretensis. Trojan War Chronicle, 1.9
  3. ^ a b Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.10.4
  4. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 14.3
  5. ^ Ovid, Heroides 16.127 ff; not directly named as the son of Oebalus but Helen, the reputed daughter of Tyndareus was called "... a nymph of Oebalus' line ..." which means she was a descendant of the latter through his son Tyndareus.
  6. ^ Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica 1.420 ff; mentioned that Pollux was called the grandson of Oebalus, the father of their father Tyndareus.
  7. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.10.3
  8. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 78
  9. ^ Megalai Ehoiai fr. 258, cited in Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2.2.2
  10. ^ Lucian, Dialogi Deorum 16
  11. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 271
  12. ^ Ovid, Fasti 5.705
  13. ^ Statius, Thebaid 5.438

ReferencesEdit

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Cynortas
King of Sparta Succeeded by
Tyndareus
(first reign)