Ocho Rios (Spanish for "Eight Rivers") is a town in the parish of Saint Ann on the north coast of Jamaica, and is more widely referred to as Ochi by locals. Beginning as a sleepy fishing village, Ocho Rios has seen explosive growth in the last decade to become a popular tourist destination featuring duty-free shopping, a cruise-ship terminal, world-renowned tourist attractions and several beaches and acclaimed resorts. In addition to being a port of call for cruise ships, Ocho Rios also hosts cargo ships at the Reynolds Pier for the exportation of sugar, limestone, and in the past, bauxite. The estimated population of the town in 2011 was 16 671, which is nearly 10% of the total population of St. Ann. The town is served by both the Donald Sangster International Airport (97 km west of Ocho Rios) and the Ian Fleming International Airport (17 km east of Ocho Rios). Scuba diving and other water sports are offered in the town's vicinity.
View of Ocho Rios
|• Total||16,671 (2,011 census)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
+1-658 (Overlay of 876; active in November 2018)
The name "Ocho Rios" is a possible misnomer, as there are not currently eight rivers in the area. It could be a British corruption of the original Spanish name "Las Chorreras" ("the waterfalls"), a name given to the village because of the nearby Dunn's River Falls. In 2008, the attraction Mystic Mountain  opened with a bobsled experience inspired by the Jamaican bobsled team that participated in the 1988 Olympics in Calgary. The attraction received a $570-million upgrade in 2019. 
The North Coast Highway from the Sangster International Airport at Montego Bay to Ocho Rios has been improved since 2007 and the journey is now an hour and forty five minutes drive. On 26 August 2011, the Jamaican government announced a $21 million revitalization plan for the resort area. Since March 2016, with the opening of the North-South portion of Highway 2000 (whose North terminus is located at Mammee Bay, a suburb of Ocho Rios), driving and commute times into the nation's capital, Kingston, have gone from over 2 hours to a little under an hour. The opening of this highway has reduced traffic on the old route between Jamaica's two cities (through the town and onto Fern Gully) immensely.
The town has several restaurants and nightclubs, such as Margaritaville, as well as Dolphin Cove, where tourists can swim and interact with dolphins. Another major point of interest is Fern Gully, which was formed from a 1907 earthquake that destroyed one of the river beds in the area. Fern Gully stretches about 3 miles of great rocky gorge where travellers can see over 540 variety of ferns. In 1907, the British government paved over the destroyed river bed to create what is currently known as The Fern Gully Highway.
Ocho Rios was originally settled by the a tribe of Arawak Indians called Taíno, who had settled in Jamaica around 1,000 BCE and called the land Xamayca, meaning land of wood and water. After Christopher Columbus landed in 1494 and claimed the island for Spain, Ocho Rios was named Las Chorreras, meaning rapid rivers. The Taínos were ultimately obliterated by disease, slavery, and war. Some also committed suicide, presumably to escape their conditions as slaves. Spain brought the first enslaved Africans to Jamaica in 1517, to work on plantations throughout Jamaica, including Ocho Rios.
In May 1655, British forces seized the island from the Spanish. The English misunderstood, misinterpreted, and mispronounced the Spanish name Chorreras and called the town Ocho Rios, which sounded close enough. In 1657 and 1658 the Spanish, sailing from Cuba, failed to retake the island in fierce battles in and around Ocho Rios known as the Battle of Las Chorreras.
Historically, Ocho Rios did not have any prominent role to either the English or the Spanish. It was, however, utilised by pirates who along with Port Royal, regarded it as a perfect base of operations.
When slavery was officially abolished on Jamaica in the year of 1834, the town entered a period of poverty and rebirth. With colonial interests removed, the history of Ocho Rios was crafted by the newly-freed slaves, who embraced their new-found freedom and slowly turned the town into a stable and peaceful fishing village.
Although plantations developed during colonial times, Ocho Rios never evolved as a fruit-shipping port of any consequence. Things began to change in the 1940s when Reynolds Jamaica Mines built the deep-water Reynolds Pier west of town. An overhead conveyor belt still carries bauxite ore 10 km from the Reynolds open-cast mines at Lydford, in the hills south of town.
Nonetheless, Ocho Rios was still just a quiet village in the 1960s,e when the Jamaican government formed the St Ann Development Company (SADCo), under the direction of the Urban Development Corporation (UDC), and then began systematic development. It dredged the harbor and built a small marina, reclaimed the shore, brought in sand for Turtle Beach, and built shopping and housing complexes.
In January and February 1967, Martin Luther King Jr. stayed in Ocho Rios, with wife Coretta and two employees, to draft his fourth and final book, Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community?. By the early 1980s, Ocho Rios' character had been established: a meld of American-style fast-food franchises, nondescript shopping malls, an enclave of mediocre hotels in town, and more tasteful, upscale hotels a discrete distance east. The construction of Island Village, a major shopping and entertainment complex, has spruced up 'Ochi.' In 1968, the Jamaica Villa Association (JAVA) was created to represent the growing number of villas in Jamaica. Ocho Rios has seen the rise of luxury villas, with beachfront, ocean, and mountain views.
Today, Ocho Rios extends four miles between Dunn's River Falls, two miles to the west of the town centre, and the White River, two miles to the east. Almost all the development outside the centre is to the east.
In popular cultureEdit
The town was a shooting location during the filming Dr. No, the first James Bond film, released in 1962. The Sans Souci hotel was used as the exterior of the Blue Mountain cottage, the home of Bond villain Miss Taro. A decade later, the town was used again in a Bond film, this time 1973's Live and Let Die.
- "Ocho Rios Chapel, Jamaica". Wesleyan Juvenile Offering. London: Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society. VII: 80. July 1850. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
- "Shopping in Ocho Rios | Frommer's". www.frommers.com. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- Zucando.com. "Ocho Rios Cruise Ship Pier, Ocho Rios, Jamaica". jcvtt.com. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "11 Top-Rated Tourist Attractions in Ocho Rios | PlanetWare". www.planetware.com. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "About the City - Ocho Rios". www.discoverjamaica.com. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- Caribbean Port Reviews, Ocho Rios Archived 24 July 2017 at the Wayback Machine. Caribbeanportreviews.com. Retrieved on 15 September 2011.
- "$230M Renovation for Reynolds Pier". Jamaica Information Service. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "Development of the Bauxite/Alumina Sector". Jamaica Bauxite Industry. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
Reynolds began exporting bauxite from Ocho Rios in June 1952, and Kaiser followed a year later from Port Kaiser on the south coast.
- Davis, Carlton E (6 June 2012). "60 years of bauxite mining in Ja – Part II". The Jamaica Gleaner (2012–06–06). Retrieved 11 May 2017.
All three of the founding companies have since left Jamaica: Reynolds, in 1984; Alcan, in 2001; and Kaiser in 2004.
- "Ocho Rios grows as St Ann's Bay slows". jamaica-gleaner.com. 4 April 2011. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- The Town of Ocho Rios, Jamaica. Mobay.com (2011). Retrieved on 11 May 2017.
- "Rainforest Bobsled Jamaica at Mystic Mountain".
- "Mystic Mountain To Make Debut in December".
- [dead link]
- "Ocho Rios: History - TripAdvisor". www.tripadvisor.com. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- "St. Ann Heritage Sites". Jamaica Information Service. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- Long, Edward (1774). The History of Jamaica, Or, General Survey of the Antient and Modern State of that Island: With Reflections on Its Situations, Settlements, Inhabitants, Climate, Products, Commerce, Laws, and Government. T. Lowndes.
- "Ocho Rios History Facts and Timeline: Ocho Rios, St. Ann, Jamaica". www.world-guides.com. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- "History of Ocho Rios - Lonely Planet Travel Information". www.lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- "The History of St. Ann - National Library of Jamaica" (PDF). National Library of Jamaica.
- "UDC, UWI mourn Seaga". jamaica-gleaner.com. 31 May 2019. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- "Where Do We Go from Here: Chaos or Community?". Retrieved 4 April 2021.
- "History of Ocho Rios - Lonely Planet Travel Information". www.jamaicaoceanviewvilla.com. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
- Maresca, Frank; Ricco, Roger (1982). The James Bond Films. Random House Value Publishing. p. 19. ISBN 0517548240. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Burlingame, Jon (2012). The Music of James Bond. Oxford University Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0199986767. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- Hughes, Howard (2011). Cinema Italiano: The Complete Guide from Classics to Cult. I.B. Tauris. p. 279. ISBN 978-0857730442. Retrieved 16 December 2018.
- "Ocho Rios All Inclusive Family Resort in Jamaica – Beaches Ocho Rios Resort & Golf Club". All Inclusive Resorts and Caribbean Vacations for the Whole Family – Beaches Caribbean Family Resorts. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "Couples Resorts – An All-Inclusive Couples Resorts in Jamaica". Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- "Rooms on the Beach – The Best Hotel Deal in Jamaica". Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "ClubHotel Riu Ocho Rios – Jamaica All Inclusive Vacations – RIU Hotels & Resorts". Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "Jamaica All-Inclusive Resort – The Jewel Dunn's River – Ocho Rios Jamaica". jewelresorts.com. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- Moon Palace Jamaica Grande Resort and Spa
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ocho Rios.|
- Ocho Rios travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Jamaica Tourist Board Ocho Rios page
- Guava Jelly Guide — "Shake hands with the whole of Ochi!"